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Cognitive Psychology

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Cognitive perspective

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Cognitive Psychology

  1. 1. COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE ERLYN G. MANGADLAO Reporter Modul e 9: PSYCHOLO GY Unit 3.2
  2. 2. • the forefront of the cognitive psychology. –The foundation of the cognitive perspective to learning. – The external and mechanistic focus of behaviorism. – The mental processes and products of perception.
  3. 3. OLD MAN OR TWO PEOPLE
  4. 4. LADY OR OLD WOMAN
  5. 5. BIRD OR LEAVES
  6. 6. HORSE OR LADY
  7. 7. OLD COUPLE OR YOUNG PEOPLE
  8. 8. Was your experience in figuring Out the picture? WHAT WHAT Helped you perceived the interesting pictures? Did you go about examining the pictures? HOW
  9. 9. THEORY Was the initial cognitive responded to behaviorism. Emphasized the importance of sensory wholes and the dynamic nature of visual perception. Term gestalt means: “Form” or “Configuration”
  10. 10. GESTALT PSYCHOLOGISTS Max Wertheimer (1880 – 1943) Wolfgang Köhler (1887 - 1967 ) Kurt Koffka (1887 – 1941) Kurt Lewin (1890 – 1947)
  11. 11. Certain Factors Impact on this perceptual process. • Past experiences • Needs • Attitudes • and One’s Present situation – can affect his perception.
  12. 12. PRINCIPLES
  13. 13. PRAGNANZ
  14. 14. Law of Proximity Elements that are closer together will be perceived as a coherent object.
  15. 15. Law of Similarity Elements that look similar will be perceived as part of the same form.
  16. 16. Law of Closure occurs when an object is incomplete or a space is not completely enclosed.
  17. 17. Law of Continuation occurs when the eye is compelled to move through one object and continue to another object.
  18. 18. Law of Pragnanz Reality is organized or reduced to the simplest form possible.
  19. 19. Law of Figure/Ground We pay attention and perceive things in the foreground first.
  20. 20. The important aspect of learning was not reinforcement, but the coordination of thinking to create new organizations. Kohler referred to this behavior as insight or discovery learning. Creative thought Gestalt laws Good learning
  21. 21. Thank you!

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