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Milleks meile õpitehnoloogia standardid?

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Loeng Tallinna Ülikooli haridustehnoloogia magistriõppe kursusel IFI7053 Digitaalsete õppematerjalide koostamine. 15. märts 2014.

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Milleks meile õpitehnoloogia standardid?

  1. 1. Milleks meile õpitehnoloogia standardid? Hans Põldoja
  2. 2. Metaandmed
  3. 3. http://www.curriki.org
  4. 4. Dublin Core
  5. 5. Dublin Core • Infoobjektide metaandmete standard (1995) • Dublin Core Metadata Element Set,Version 1.1 (2012) http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/
  6. 6. http://dublincore.org
  7. 7. Dublin Core 1.1 elemendid (1) • contributor • coverage • creator • date • description • format
  8. 8. Dublin Core 1.1 elemendid (2) • identifier • language • publisher • relation • rights • source
  9. 9. Dublin Core 1.1 elemendid (3) • subject • title • type
  10. 10. DC praktiline kasutus • Kirjutatakse XHTML faili päisesse • Ükski element ei ole kohustuslik • Iga elementi võib korrata • Elementide järjekord ei ole oluline
  11. 11. DC näited <meta name="DC.title" content="Kevade" /> <meta name="DC.creator" content="Luts, Oskar" />
  12. 12. http://dspace.utlib.ee/dspace/handle/10062/19332
  13. 13. Õpiobjektide metaandmete standard
  14. 14. IEEE LOM • IEEE Learning Object Metadata (2002) • Põhineb Dublin Core,ARIADNE ja IMS tööl • 58 elementi 9 kategoorias • http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/files/ LOM_1484_12_1_v1_Final_Draft.pdf
  15. 15. http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/
  16. 16. (Hermann, 2002)
  17. 17. IEEE LOM kategooriad (1) • General • Life Cycle • Meta-Metadata • Technical • Educational • Rights
  18. 18. IEEE LOM kategooriad (2) • Relation • Annotation • Classification
  19. 19. Hariduslikud metaandmed (1) • Interactivity Type • Learning Resource Type • Interactivity Level • Semantic Density • Intended End User Role • Context
  20. 20. Hariduslikud metaandmed (2) • Typical Age Range • Difficulty • Typical Learning Time • Description • Language
  21. 21. 15 July 2002 FINAL DRAFT STANDARD IEEE 1484.12.1-2002 Copyright © 2002 IEEE. All rights reserved. This is an approved IEEE Standards Draft, subject to changes in final publication by IEEE - SA 28 Nr Name Explanation Size Order Value space Datatype Example 5.5 Intended End User Role Principal user(s) for which this learning object was designed, most dominant first. NOTE 1:--A learner works with a learning object in order to learn something. An author creates or publishes a learning object. A manager manages the delivery of this learning object, e.g., a university or college. The document for a manager is typically a curriculum. NOTE 2:--In order to describe the intended end user role through the skills the user is intended to master, or the tasks he or she is intended to be able to accomplish, the category 9:Classification can be used. smallest permitted maximum: 10 items teacher author learner manager Vocabulary (State) An authoring tool that produces pedagogical material is a typical example of a learning object whose intended end user is an author 5.6 Context The principal environment within which the learning and use of this learning object is intended to take place. NOTE:--Suggested good practice is to use one of the values of the value space and to use an additional instance of this data element for further refinement, as in ("LOMv1.0","higher education") and ("http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/ onderwijsinvlaanderen/Default.htm" , "kandidatuursonderwijs") smallest permitted maximum: 10 items unordered school higher education training other Vocabulary (State) - (IEEE, 2002)
  22. 22. IEEE LOM rakendusprofiilid • Rakendusprofiil (Application Profile) on komplekt metaandmete elemente ning reegleid ja soovitusi nende kasutamiseks konkreetses süsteemis • The EUN Learning Resource Exchange Metadata Application Profile 4.7: http://lreforschools.eun.org/ web/guest/metadata
  23. 23. LRE AP 4.7 õppematerjali tüübid Resources: application, assessment, broadcast, case study, course, demonstration, drill and practice, educational game, enquiry-oriented activity, experiment, exploration, glossary, guide (advice sheets), lesson plan, open activity, other, presentation, project, reference, role play, simulation, textbook, tool, website. Social media: bookmark sharing platform, image sharing platform, reference sharing platform, sound sharing platform, video sharing platform, weblog, wiki. Assets: audio, data, model, text, video.
  24. 24. ISO/IEC 19788 • ISO/IEC 19788 Information technology – Learning, education and training – Metadata for learning resources • ISO poolt juhitav LOM edasiarendus, mille 10-st kavandatud osast on hetkel valmis 5. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO/IEC_19788
  25. 25. Kursuse metaandmed
  26. 26. Kursuse metaandmed • Metadata for Learning Opportunities - Advertising (MLO-AD) (2008/2011, EU): ftp://ftp.cenorm.be/ PUBLIC/CWAs/e-Europe/WS-LT/ CWA15903-00-2008-Dec.pdf • XCRI Course Advertising Profile (XCRI-CAP) (2012, UK): http://www.xcri.org/wiki/index.php/ XCRI_CAP_1.2
  27. 27. http://www.xcri.co.uk
  28. 28. Kursuse info (selection) EN ET Options EN XCRI 1.2 MLO Title Nimetus <title> Title Course ID Ainekood <identifier> Identifier Provider <provider> mlo:LearningOpportunityProvider Credits Ainepunkte <credit> mlo:credit Facilitator Õppejõud Education Level Haridustase <educationLevel> mlo:level Language of Instruction Keel <languageOfInstruction> mlo:languageOfInstruction Attendance Mode CM Campus, DA Distance with attendance, DS Distance without attendance, NC Face- to-face non-campus, MM Mixed mode, ON Online (no attendance), WB Work-based <attendanceMode> mlo:engagement Objective Eesmärgid <objective> mlo:objective Description Kirjeldus <description> Description Learning Outcomes Õpiväljundid <learningOutcome> Assessment Hindamismeetodid <assessment> mlo:assessment Prerequisite Eeldusained <prerequisite> mlo:prerequisite Starting Date Alguskuupäev <start> mlo:start Ending Date Lõppkuupäev <end> Enrollment Procedure By the facilitator, Moderated, Open Apply Until Registreerumise tähtaeg <applyUntil> Permission Ligipääs Course participants, Logged in, All Course Tag Kursuse märksõna Image Pilt <image> Status Staatus Preparation, Active, Finished
  29. 29. Repositooriumide andmevahetus
  30. 30. Repositooriumide andmevahetus • Simple Query Interface (SQI) võimaldab teostada sünkroonseid ja asünkroonseid päringuid teistesse repositooriumidesse • Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) võimaldab pakkuda repositooriumidel oma metaandmeid teistele repositooriumidele kogumiseks
  31. 31. http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/
  32. 32. Sisupakettide standardid
  33. 33. SCORM • SCORM: Shareable Content Object Reference Model • Kursuse taaskasutamine tervikuna ja õppematerjali sidumine õpikeskkonnaga • Põhineb IMS Content Packaging spetsifikatsioonil
  34. 34. http://www.adlnet.gov/scorm/
  35. 35. SCORM versioonid • SCORM 1.0 (2000) • SCORM 1.1 (2001) • SCORM 1.2 (2001) • SCORM 2004 (1. ja 2. trükk 2004, 3. trükk 2006, 4. trükk 2009)
  36. 36. SCORM 2004 raamatud • SCORM Overview — ülevaade • Content Aggregation Model (CAM) — SCORM paketi komponendid, pakendamine ja transport • Run-Time Environment (RTE) — SCORM sisupakettide serveerimine ÕHS’is • Sequencing and Navigation (SN) — liikumine ühelt peatükilt teisele • SCORM Conformance Requirements — SCORM sertifikaadile vastamise nõuded
  37. 37. imsmanifest.xml <?xml version="1.0" standalone="no" ?> <manifest identifier="MANIFEST_IDENTIFIER" version="1.0" xmlns="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imscp_v1p1" xmlns:adlcp="http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlcp_v1p3" xmlns:adlnav="http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlnav_v1p3" xmlns:adlseq="http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlseq_v1p3" xmlns:imsss="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsss" xmlns:lom="http://ltsc.ieee.org/xsd/LOM" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imscp_v1p1 imscp_v1p1.xsd http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlcp_v1p3 adlcp_v1p3.xsd http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlnav_v1p3 adlnav_v1p3.xsd http://www.adlnet.org/xsd/adlseq_v1p3 adlseq_v1p3.xsd http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsss imsss_v1p0.xsd http://ltsc.ieee.org/xsd/LOM lom.xsd"> <metadata> <schema>ADL SCORM</schema> <schemaversion>CAM 1.3</schemaversion> </metadata> <organizations/> <resources/> </manifest> (Rebas, 2008)
  38. 38. Peatükid <organizations default="ORG-001"> <!-- The default activity tree. --> <organization identifier="ORG-001" structure="hierarchical"> <title>SCORM spetsifikatsioon</title> <item identifier="ACT-001" identifierref="RES-001"> <title>SCORMi ajalugu ja idee</title> </item> <item identifier="ACT-002" identifierref="RES-002"> <title>SCORM paketi ülesehitus ja toimimine</title> </item> </organization> </organizations> (Rebas, 2008)
  39. 39. Ressurss <resources>    <resource id="RES-001" type="webcontent" adlcp:scormType="asset">         <file href="example2.xml"/>    </resource>    <resource id="RES-002" type="webcontent" adlcp:scormType="asset">         <file href="example3.xml"/>    </resource> </resources> (Rebas, 2008)
  40. 40. SCORM loomise vahendid • eXe: http://www.exelearning.org • CourseLab: http://www.courselab.com/ • Xerte: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/xerte/ • http://docs.moodle.org/26/en/ Tools_for_creating_SCORM_content
  41. 41. Common Cartridge
  42. 42. http://www.imsglobal.org/cc/
  43. 43. Common Cartridge eelised • Testid on standardses formaadis (5 küsimusetüüpi) • Pakett võib sisaldada viiteid välistele materjalidele • Interaktsioon väliste vahendite, rakenduste ja teenustega • Paindlikud ligipääsuõigused sisule
  44. 44. Vahendid CC koostamiseks • Tasuta: • eXe Learning: http://www.exelearning.org • AContent: http://atutor.ca/acontent/ • Kommertstarkvara: • SoftChalk: http://softchalk.com
  45. 45. Tin Can API
  46. 46. http://tincanapi.com
  47. 47. Tin Can eelised SCORM’i ees • Detailsemad testide tulemused • LMS ega brauser pole vajalikud • Mobiilirakenduste tugi • Simulatsioonide, tõsimängude ja muude õppevormide jälgimine
  48. 48. Tin Can API tööpõhimõte • Inimesed õpivad erinevaid vahendeid ja õppevorme kasutades • Tegevused salvestatakse alus-öeldis-sihitis (“Mina tegin seda”) kujul Learning Records Store süsteemi (LRS) • LRS salvestab tegevused ja saab neid jagada teiste LRS’idega. LRS töötab iseseisvalt või LMS sees.
  49. 49. Tin Can API sõnavara • Tegevused (Verbs): https://registry.tincanapi.com/ #home/verbs • Objektid (Activity types): https:// registry.tincanapi.com/#home/activityTypes
  50. 50. http://www.adlnet.gov/tla/experience-api/
  51. 51. http://learninglocker.net
  52. 52. Küsimused ja testid
  53. 53. IMS QTI • IMS Question & Test Interoperability Specification 2.1 (2012) • IMS QTI küsimuste tüübid on kirjas IMS Question and Test Interoperability Implementation Guide juhendis • IMS QTI versioonis 2.1 on 16 erinevat küsimusetüüpi
  54. 54. http://www.imsglobal.org/question/
  55. 55. choiceInteraction (multi-choice)
  56. 56. choiceInteraction (multi-response)
  57. 57. orderInteraction
  58. 58. associateInteraction
  59. 59. matchInteraction
  60. 60. gapMatchInteraction
  61. 61. inlineChoice
  62. 62. textEntryInteraction
  63. 63. extendedTextInteraction
  64. 64. hottextInteraction
  65. 65. hotspotInteraction
  66. 66. selectPointInteraction
  67. 67. graphicOrderInteraction
  68. 68. graphicAssociateInteraction
  69. 69. graphicGapMatchInteraction
  70. 70. positionObjectInteraction
  71. 71. sliderInteraction
  72. 72. Lisalugemist
  73. 73. http://www.cen-ltso.net
  74. 74. Viited • Hermann,T. (2002). Overview of LOM Draft 6.4. http://www.sreb.org/programs/ EdTech/SCORE/SCORE_Users_Guide.pdf • IEEE (2002). Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. • IMS Global Learning Consortium (2006). IMS Question and Test Interoperability Implementation Guide:Version 2.1 Public Draft (revision 2) Specification. • Rebas,V. (2008). SCORM-sisupakettide esitlusvahend e-õppekeskkonnas IVA. http://www.cs.tlu.ee/instituut/opilaste_tood/bakalaureuse_ja_diplomitood/ 2008_kevad/Vahur_Rebas/Vahur_Rebas_Bakalaureuse_Too.pdf
  75. 75. Kasutatud fotod • Alan Levine, http://www.flickr.com/photos/cogdog/4106215673/
  76. 76. See materjal on avaldatud Creative Commons Autorile viitamine–Jagamine samadel tingimustel 3.0 Eesti litsentsi alusel. Litsentsi terviktekstiga tutvumiseks külastage aadressi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ee/ Hans Põldoja hans.poldoja@tlu.ee Digitaalsete õppematerjalide koostamine http://oppematerjalid.wordpress.com Tallinna Ülikool Informaatika Instituut

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