Africamtholyokev2

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Africamtholyokev2

  1. 1. Act One: Dramatis personæ
  2. 2. Act Two: The Setting Africa Today
  3. 3. Africa’s really big.
  4. 4. photo by Gbaku Africa 1’s Africa 2’s Africa 3’s Vijay Mahajan, UTexas Austin
  5. 5. Cape Town Accra Kampala Nairobi
  6. 6. photo by Esthr -100 million handsets in sub-Saharan Africa - 2.5 billion worldwide, rising to 3.3 billion in 2010 - 97% of Tanzanians say they can access a phone
  7. 7. charts by Vanessa Gray, ITU
  8. 8. Computer and Internet usage
  9. 9. Over $135m in year one. Remittance market is almost $750m per year. Celpay - 2% of the Zambian economy
  10. 10. Act Three: OLPC A Friendly Critique
  11. 11. OLPC vision: - One laptop computer per child - Internet connectivity to every school, wifi mesh to share connectivity with surrounding community - Local educational content loaded onto computers - Designed for self-directed, exploratory learning - Creative, generative machines that allow students to express themselves, write original software
  12. 12. Cost near $200, not $100 Equipping Nigerian children - 73% of government income, 13% of government spending per year (Edward Cherlin) Roughly 500,000 sold, far below projections Dual boot Linux and Windows XP - responding to feedback from education ministries Strong pushback from local manufacturers Inverted pyramid problem
  13. 13. Cranks might power laptops, but not VSAT Until we solve power, OLPC is a middle-income solution
  14. 14. What’s wrong with this picture?
  15. 15. Act Four: Alright, Wise Guy. Can You DO Better?
  16. 16. ...so, what’s Google doing?
  17. 17. ...so, what’s Google doing? 1. Advertising ecosystem: Monetization for local content 2. Mobile search: SMS search 3. Infrastructure: Google Global Cache 4. Maps and Apps: e.g.: Kenya
  18. 18. Nairobi... before
  19. 19. ...and after.
  20. 20. Akosombo Dam, Lake Volta, Ghana
  21. 21. from 10,000 - 1.5 million, $0 - 1.5b in ten years
  22. 22. Incremental infrastructure - What types of infrastructure can we build with initial investments of $500k - $5m? - Can infrastructure beget other infrastructure - mobile phone towers leading to power infrastructure? - Can this approach work for larger public goods? Roads, railroads, ports, airports... undersea communications cables?
  23. 23. Act Five: The Unexpected Conclusions
  24. 24. despite the infrastructure of connection we often connect badly or fail to connect photo by xeni
  25. 25. homophily photo by Cobalt123
  26. 26. bridge bloggers
  27. 27. engineer serendipity photo by subpop77
  28. 28. cultivate xenophiles photo by david sasaki
  29. 29. Postlude: Q&A (In which you get a word in edgewise)

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