Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) Sharing Knowledge, Improving Rural Livelihoods www.cta.int T...
Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-agriculture: a mind map </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile phone services ...
mind map for ICT in agriculture Crop cultivation  and harvesting Input management Water management Fertilization Pest mana...
The unstoppable rise of mobile phones <ul><li>A few statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.4 billion subscribers worldwide (> ...
Mobile services for farmers <ul><li>Market information (SMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manobi (Senegal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
How did this situation arise? <ul><li>Lightweight, portable, easy to use, easy to share </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used in a...
Mobile phone services – a paradox <ul><li>Majority of e-services are SMS based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use, cheap, l...
Mobile phones and web services <ul><li>Web technologies show the most promise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost, easy to depl...
Mobile devices (and the web) make a comeback <ul><li>Appearance of XO (“$100”) laptop from OLPC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trig...
Infrastructure developments <ul><li>Wireless technologies extend connectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WiFi, Bluetooth, mesh ...
A hybrid environment <ul><li>Not mobiles vs laptops ! </li></ul><ul><li>Many ways of communicating/connecting </li></ul><u...
The Future? <ul><li>The future is mobile !  </li></ul>Ictupdate.cta.int
Thank you ? ? ? Any questions?
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The future is mobile: ICTs empowering local communities in developing countries

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Presentation by Kevin Paitning (CTA) to WITFOR 2009 Agriculture Commission. (www.witfor.org)

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  • 3 Sep 2009
  • 3 Sep 2009
  • The future is mobile: ICTs empowering local communities in developing countries

    1. 1. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) Sharing Knowledge, Improving Rural Livelihoods www.cta.int The Future is mobile: ICTs empowering local communities in developing countries Kevin Painting WITFOR 2009
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-agriculture: a mind map </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile phone services </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of mobile devices </li></ul><ul><li>A hybrid environment </li></ul>
    3. 3. mind map for ICT in agriculture Crop cultivation and harvesting Input management Water management Fertilization Pest management Post harvest Transportation Food processing Marketing Sowing Pre-cultivation Crop selection Calendar definition Access to credit Land preparation Packaging Land selection DSS, GIS, Remote sensing, e/m-consulting, KMS, sampling devices connected to networking tools KMS, e/m-consulting, e/m-learning, DSS, GIS Networking tools (mobile phones, radios, wireless networks), Management Information System (MIS), e-commerce and mobile commerce Decision Support System (DSS), modeling software, e/m-learning, e/m-consulting, Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) KMS, e/m-learning, e/m-consulting, GPS, GIS, computer controlled devices, machine2machine communication and sensor networks GPS, GIS, e/m-learning, e/m-consulting, computer controlled devices, m2m communication, sensor networks DSS, MIS, GPS/GIS, e/m-learning Networking tools (mobile phones, lo-fi technologies) for broadcast GPS, GIS, MIS, DBMS, tracing devices, m2m communication Tracing devices, KMS, e/m-learning, e/m-consulting, GPS, GIS Farm to fork tracing tools – GPS, RFID, GIS, DBMS, MIS, KMS, e/m-learning, e/m-consulting, machine2machine communication DSS, GIS, MIS, sensor networks, m2m communication DSS, GIS, MIS, sensor networks, m2m communication DSS, GIS, management information system, sensor networks, m2m communication Source: GFAR http://tinyurl.com/krrgc5
    4. 4. The unstoppable rise of mobile phones <ul><li>A few statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.4 billion subscribers worldwide (> 574 million in China) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New mobile phone subscriptions 2006 – 2008: 70% were in developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ghana (pop. 23.5 million): 7 million mobile phones users in 2008; only 200,000 in 2000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globally, mobile financial services are predicted to be worth US$ 5 billion in 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kenya: over 1 million people currently use the mobile banking system m-Pesa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile phones are “...the single most powerful way to extend economic opportunities and key services to millions of people” (World Bank) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Mobile services for farmers <ul><li>Market information (SMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manobi (Senegal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KACE (Kenya) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ e-Bay for farmers”: Esoko/Tradenet (Ghana); ANOPACI (C ô te d’Ivoire) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grameen Foundation Applabs (Uganda – BROSDI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nokia Life Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FoodNet (also FM broadcasts) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marketing/financial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DrumNet (Kenya) – network of info-kiosks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FICOM – Farmers’ Information Communication Management (Uganda) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. How did this situation arise? <ul><li>Lightweight, portable, easy to use, easy to share </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used in areas of poor infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Once just used for making calls, now a versatile, multipurpose tool “computer in a pocket” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texting device, camera, music player, calculator, web browser, GPS... Growing number of applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally falling prices, but still not cheap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cheaper handsets, lower operating costs, lower taxation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wildly popular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Out of the box” – no training required </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Mobile phone services – a paradox <ul><li>Majority of e-services are SMS based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use, cheap, low bandwidth, free to receive messages ... but... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each service is a walled garden comprising a network provider plus phone manufacturer (unlike web services). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential conflict: public good vs. private profit? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services not easy to find </li></ul><ul><li>No standards for SMS application development </li></ul><ul><li>Very limited interactions possible with SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of scalability </li></ul>
    8. 8. Mobile phones and web services <ul><li>Web technologies show the most promise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost, easy to deploy, scalable, many F/OSS applications, cheap web hosting possibilities ... But </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of useable content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Format, bandwidth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of high capacity networks </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of suitable handsets and web browsers </li></ul><ul><li>Paradox: biggest growth area in services based on an inherently limited technology (SMS) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Mobile devices (and the web) make a comeback <ul><li>Appearance of XO (“$100”) laptop from OLPC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triggered an avalanche of cheap, slimmed down laptops and netbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact of web2.0 and cloud computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free (or low cost) applications available on-line – little local infrastructure required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More applications for working on/off-line (Google Gears, Adobe Air...) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blurring of distinctions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laptops, netbooks, smartphones, mobile internet devices, geo-location devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not mobiles vs. laptops ! </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Infrastructure developments <ul><li>Wireless technologies extend connectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WiFi, Bluetooth, mesh networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadband internet access (cable) replacing expensive VSAT connections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>East Africa: Seacom (July), EASSy (2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile broadband (WiMAX, 3G) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More expensive than cable </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. A hybrid environment <ul><li>Not mobiles vs laptops ! </li></ul><ul><li>Many ways of communicating/connecting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OLPC – mesh networking (no phone, no Internet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Village Telco Project (SA) “mesh potato” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone (landline) -> router -> wireless network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where there is no mobile, can set up local telephone network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantsuam foundation (Nigeria): ZittNet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For rural areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ VoIP in a box” (PC) – plug and play, call on ZittNet for free </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store/forward (even for VoIP) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. The Future? <ul><li>The future is mobile ! </li></ul>Ictupdate.cta.int
    13. 13. Thank you ? ? ? Any questions?

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