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Tedx Talk : Innovative Technology out of Africa

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Talking about Innovative Technology from emerging markets

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Tedx Talk : Innovative Technology out of Africa

  1. 1. Ethel Cofie The future of technology in Africa TEDX ACCRA ( New ideas)
  2. 2. Africa’s embrace of technology turns two common assumptions inside out – that tech breakthroughs happen in rich countries, and that Africa needs basic services before it can use high-tech solutions. What Africa’s start-ups are doing is using technology to build those basic services – and a whole lot more.
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY in AGRICULTURE
  4. 4. Traceability Namibia NamLITS
  5. 5. Traceability Namibia
  6. 6. Traceability Namibia
  7. 7. Traceability Namibia
  8. 8. Traceability Namibia
  9. 9. Traceability Namibia
  10. 10. Traceability Namibia
  11. 11. Drum Net : Financing Supply Chain
  12. 12. Drum Net : Financing Supply Chain
  13. 13. Drum Net : Financing Supply Chain
  14. 14. ZNFU: E Transport
  15. 15. Zanu: Uber like 2011 The Zambia National Farmers Union has launched an electronic transport system, which will help farmers and other transport users to easily find and organize transport for their agricultural products to and from the market. The e-transport system will allow registered transporters to make known to all potential transport users the availability of their trucks on various routes via Transzam web, which is an interactive system.
  16. 16. TECHNOLOGY in EDUCATION
  17. 17. Can We Compete? China produces 7,000,000 engineers annually Barely 20,000 engineers graduate in Africa "Without ICT skills, Africa can not catch up with the rest of the world as far as the knowledge economy is concerned
  18. 18. TECHNOLOGY in HEALTH
  19. 19. Breast Milk? Mobile to Pasteurize breast Milk
  20. 20. Breast Milk? Mobile to Pasteurize breast Milk In South Africa, breast milk preservation chamber was developed using mobile phone app: The FoneAstra monitor, to regulate or monitor the temperature of breast milk in the chamber. This great innovation idea is from a team led by Professor Anna Coutsoudis, from the department of pediatrics and child health at South Africa’s University of KwaZulu-Natal $700, FoneAstra accurately monitors when the milk reaches the correct temperature via a probe, which then sends text messages to a mobile phone and prints labels confirming the results via Bluetooth. Commercial Pasteurizers =$20,000 FoneAstra=$700
  21. 21. TV and Health The Botswana-UPenn Partnership (BUP) is collaborating with Microsoft, the Botswana Innovation Hub, and other global partners to launch the first telemedicine service in Africa using TV white spaces to bring internet connectivity to hospitals and clinics across rural areas of Botswana. The pilot project, called “Project Kgolagano,” will provide clinical consultations and diagnoses to a patient population who would otherwise have to travel far distances to the capital city of Gaborone, Botswana, for specialized care.
  22. 22. Pneumonia The Botswana-UPenn Partnership (BUP) is collaborating with Microsoft, the Botswana Innovation Hub, and other global partners to launch the first telemedicine service in Africa using TV white spaces to bring internet connectivity to hospitals and clinics across rural areas of Botswana. The pilot project, called “Project Kgolagano,” will provide clinical consultations and diagnoses to a patient population who would otherwise have to travel far distances to the capital city of Gaborone, Botswana, for specialized care.
  23. 23. LETS TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE
  24. 24. Paper for Health ? Conductive ink on Paper is a wonderful thing The Ability to Print or even Draw an electronic circuit board on paper will enable low cost , easily designed solutions Microsoft research labs created moisture sensor the team has printed is meant for use on plants (. It detects rainfall with one circuit and soil humidity with another, transmitting its readings via a printed Wi-Fi antenna. The team has printed paper wiring to connect the switch, LED and battery of a 3D-printed flashlight. Paper Computer
  25. 25. HARDWARE INSERTS THE NEXT FRONTIER FOR MOBILE IN AFRICA
  26. 26. India : Refractive Eye testing US : Portable Ultra Sound Canada : Wind speed detector
  27. 27. •3D Printing tattoos of human bodies • “ink” of these nanoparticles suspended in a saline solution that could be injected under the skin like a tattoo. The “tattoo” would last for a specified length of time, probably six months, before needing to be refreshed. •To get glucose readings, the patient would wear a monitor that shines near-infrared light on the tattoo and detects the resulting fluorescence. 3D Printing For Health – Disease
  28. 28. The US Army is working on a 3-D printer that is interfaced with the soldier. And that sensor can deliver information to the computer software and then they would be able to have either powdered or liquid matrices that are very nutrient dense, that they have on demand that they can take and eat immediately to fill that need." 3D Printing For Fighting Malnutrition
  29. 29. Imagine a device attached to the mobile phone that pinpoint the existence of the RNA strand for Ebola and display preliminary results. Its Already Available Rapid Disease Testing ?
  30. 30. Smart Cities
  31. 31. Drones Delivery of Health care items: Medicines Agriculture :Monitoring of crops , tracking and monitoring Landscape mapping and collecting of Data
  32. 32. Drones I found a project I think is a testament to what can be achieved with the right type of thinking where drones are concerned A Radical But Possible Plan to Connect African Nations With Cargo Drones Future Africa initiative at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Augmenting the road networks in Africa by •Building first cargo robot route in Africa by 2016. •It will be about 80 kilometres long and will connect several towns and villages. •The first use case will be to fly units of blood from a blood bank to health clinics.
  33. 33. ?? Maybe you are asking All these ideas sound great but really with cost and issues with energy and availability, they are not really applicable to West Africa!!
  34. 34. 10 Dollar iPhone? • Ah, the relentless pace of Moore's Law... Take any 'super phone' of today: iPhone 4, Nokia N8, Samsung Galaxy, Blackberry Bold, or whatever is your favorite • Summer 2010: unsubsidized price of: US $600 gave you touch screen, 3G, Wi-Fi, GPS, 8mp & flash • Winter 2011, same phone would cost $300 • Summer 2013: $150; winter 2014: $75 ,summer of 2016: $38; winter 2017: $19 • By summer 2019 cost of same specs of what was considered super phone in 2010 would be $10 (including distribution, marketing & profit) Example :JiaYu G2F: 4.3inch ,touch screen, 3G,WiFi, GPS, 8mpcamera. Launched May 2014 Cost US$81 (499 RMB) Projection: TomiAhonen Consulting July 2010
  35. 35. Just Remember Just Remember 3D printers : Togo based maker space WoeLab Presented built 3D printer using E- Waste from some of the largest dumps of old computer and electronic equipment it sent ripples through the entire 3D printing and global community. The 3D printer cost 100 USD Smart phones , we have already touched on it , Moores law means we will be seeing the 10USD smart phone Paper/conductive ink : local innovation challenges and engagements are ways of finding cheap alternative solutions . The World bank is currently running the Negawatt challenge , for innovative solutions for energy within Africa pitting Ghana against Kenya and Egypt Drones : The DIY Makerfaire movement across Africa is ripe for working with developmental partners into finding cheap alternatives to building solutions
  36. 36. Just Remember Just Remember 3D printers : Togo based maker space WoeLab Presented built 3D printer using E- Waste from some of the largest dumps of old computer and electronic equipment it sent ripples through the entire 3D printing and global community. The 3D printer cost 100 USD Smart phones , we have already touched on it , Moores law means we will be seeing the 10USD smart phone Paper/conductive ink : local innovation challenges and engagements are ways of finding cheap alternative solutions . The World bank is currently running the Negawatt challenge , for innovative solutions for energy within Africa pitting Ghana against Kenya and Egypt Drones : The DIY Makerfaire movement across Africa is ripe for working with developmental partners into finding cheap alternatives to building solutions
  37. 37. In 1998 … oMaternal Health oMobile ? oLiberalization oToo Poor Remember Technology Partner To The World’s Non-profits
  38. 38. The combination of cheap Nokia mobile, liberalization of telecom licenses and pre paid payment, steeped the trajectory for mobile GSMA :500 million mark in Q1 2013, increasing by about 20% year-on-year. Connections are expected to grow by a further 50% (250 million connections) over the next five years Even telecoms underestimated the market. The business plan for the Kenyan telecom Safaricom in 2003 was to have 500,000 mobile phone subscribers by 2013: traders, priests, taxi drivers, prostitutes—people willing to pay a premium to stay in touch. Safaricom hit 21 million users in 2014 Between 1998-2000, this happened
  39. 39. The growth was soo dramatic that ITU Secretary-General, Yoshio UTSUMI, at the ITU Telecom Africa Forum Opening12 November 2001 proposed changing definition of universal access where The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) ? Establishing new targets New definitions of universal access Old definitions >>>>>>  Universal access: >>>  A telephone within walking distance  Telecentres in every community  Universal service: >>>>  A telephone in every home  A computer in every school  Affordability: >>>>>>>>  Subsidised access (high usage charges subsidise low line rental) New definitions  Universal access:  Mobile coverage of all main population centres  Internet cafés in every community  Universal service:  A mobile phone for everyone who wants one  An email address for every citizen  Affordability:  Pre-paid access (pre-paid usage charges include line rental)
  40. 40. We are Africa , Don’t Underestimate us

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