Constraint

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A talk delivered in Barcelona at a conference on the future of the internet, and on innovation and the social web. The talk focuses on African innovation and the lessons we can learn from African innovation for innovation in social media

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Constraint

  1. 1. how do social change organizations innovate?
  2. 2. how do social change organizations innovate? they don’t badly slowly
  3. 3. as a rule: social change organizations are unrealistic about what’s possible with network technologies
  4. 4. should how do social change organizations innovate?
  5. 5. should how do social change organizations innovate? learn from African innovation
  6. 6. how to fail out of graduate school
  7. 7. Picasso, “The Tragedy”, 1903
  8. 8. Gaudí, Sagrada Familia, 1882-
  9. 9. Miró, “Ladders Cross the Blue Sky in a Wheel of Fire”, 1953
  10. 10. innovation arises from constraint
  11. 11. photo by “mistersnappy”
  12. 12. when you have nothing, anything is possible photo by Eric Hersman
  13. 13. photo by Markus Wichmann photo by Clearly Ambiguous
  14. 14. hacking the hammer
  15. 15. Lead user theory User innovation Eric von Hippel
  16. 16. learning from extreme cases
  17. 17. photo by JanneM
  18. 18. constraints: cost electric power local materials local maintenance photo by JanneM
  19. 19. zeer pot evaporative cooling
  20. 20. Mohammed cost: $2 Bar Abba 25-30% increased profits
  21. 21. photo by Genocide Intervention
  22. 22. culture matters
  23. 23. Jiko Berkeley-Darfur stove locally made 3x efficiency of 3-stone fire $30 - too expensive
  24. 24. photo by malangali
  25. 25. photo by John and Mel Kots deforestation, 2m deaths from air pollution
  26. 26. protos stove by Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH
  27. 27. biomass charcoal
  28. 28. Dr. Amy Smith - “carbon macrotubes”
  29. 29. • don’t fight culture
  30. 30. • don’t fight culture • embrace market mechanisms
  31. 31. • don’t fight culture • embrace market mechanisms • innovate on existing platforms
  32. 32. Peter Kahugu, Nairobi (via Afrigadget.com)
  33. 33. bicycle ambulance, Namibia
  34. 34. freight vehicle, Uganda photo by YoungRobV
  35. 35. motorbike, Kenya
  36. 36. payphone, Uganda
  37. 37. photo by Erik Hersman objects become familiar, then hackable
  38. 38. photo by mooste
  39. 39. The Malawi Times, November 20, 2005
  40. 40. innovation is using the ordinary in extraordinary ways
  41. 41. photo by Erik Hersman what we hack now
  42. 42. photo by Esthr -100 million handsets in sub-Saharan Africa - 2.2 billion worldwide, rising to 3.3 billion in 2010 - 97% of Tanzanians say they can access a phone
  43. 43. blackboard + mobile phone = market information system photo by steelmonkey
  44. 44. Cash accounting, Ghana
  45. 45. photo by magganpice
  46. 46. Village phone operator, Gikongoro, Rwanda very close to hawala, hundi illegal or innovative?
  47. 47. Over $135m in year one. Remittance market is almost $750m per year. Celpay - 2% of the Zambian economy
  48. 48. tracking dangerous predators
  49. 49. Citizen reporting via blogs.
  50. 50. mobile phone companies and diesel incremental infrastructure? Ericsson tower/ turbine prototype
  51. 51. problems not always obvious from afar what you have matters more than what you lack infrastructure can beget infrastructure
  52. 52. innovation (often) comes from constraint don’t fight culture embrace market mechanisms innovate on existing platforms problems not always obvious from afar what you have matters more than what you lack infrastructure can beget infrastructure
  53. 53. Goal: Educate children in the developing world by giving every child access to a powerful and flexible computer.
  54. 54. “education project, not a laptop project” “blank sheet of paper” design personal vision, quest ambition - largest computer manufacturer in the world
  55. 55. innovation (often) comes from constraint fail don’t fight culture pass embrace market mechanisms fail innovate on existing platforms pass problems not always obvious from afar fail what you have matters more than what you lack fail infrastructure can beget infrastructure ?
  56. 56. Goal: support developing world entrepreneurs via microloans from developed world.
  57. 57. heavy reliance on field partners social networking is capital the biggest problem?
  58. 58. innovation (often) comes from constraint pass don’t fight culture pass embrace market mechanisms pass innovate on existing platforms pass problems not always obvious from afar fail what you have matters more than what you lack ? infrastructure can beget infrastructure ?
  59. 59. Goal: Reform international news by amplifying voices from the developing world.
  60. 60. filter translate contextualize amplify for mainstream media
  61. 61. innovation (often) comes from constraint pass don’t fight culture ? embrace market mechanisms ? innovate on existing platforms pass problems not always obvious from afar fail what you have matters more than what you lack fail infrastructure can beget infrastructure pass
  62. 62. social innovation never comes from blank canvas comes from understanding the needs of all parties
  63. 63. ¡gracias! ethanzuckerman.com globalvoicesonline.org

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