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The Obviousness of Open Policy (2011)

Keynote @ Open Education Conference (Park City, Utah) #opened11 (CC BY)

Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=CU6h-oI6hro

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The Obviousness of Open Policy (2011)

  1. 1. “The Obviousness of Open Policy” Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org @cgreen
  2. 2. Slides will be @slideshare.net/cgreen
  3. 3. Some things in life areobvious…
  4. 4. CC BY-NC-SAhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/monceau/115573273/
  5. 5. CC BY-NDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/angeldye/4108548446/
  6. 6. CC BY-NC-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/slworking/4112481205
  7. 7. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mliu92/2469130437/ CC BY-NC-SA
  8. 8. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicksherman/3351990271/ BY-NC-SA CC
  9. 9. http://www.flickr.com/photos/brianauer/3731836271 CC BY-NC-ND
  10. 10. CC BY-NC-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/billyv/352560572
  11. 11. CC BY-NC-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/n0ah84/195114057/
  12. 12. http://www.flickr.com/photos/oobrien/87573653/ CC BY-NC-SA
  13. 13. CC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/sbatterman/412576179
  14. 14. CC BY-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/neilsingapore/6202632783
  15. 15. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/329161746
  16. 16. “Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years.1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures2 British Council and IDP Australia projections
  17. 17. CC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/153137487
  18. 18. Vic: http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4052/4505411171_edb5e277b5.jpgKathy: http://www.hewlett.org/uploads/images/staff/kathy_2.JPGBarbara: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrandomf/4506044752/in/set-72157623816205676
  19. 19. Education grant making
  20. 20. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/unionsquareventures/33395208
  21. 21. UNESCO: http://www.moveoneinc.com/blog/wp-
  22. 22. http://www.eifl.net/system/files/201106/oecd_text_20cm_hd_0.jpg
  23. 23. CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/kalexanderson/605112026
  24. 24. OER are teaching, learning,and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an openlicence that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.
  25. 25. http://www.saylor.org/
  26. 26. http://conferences.ocwconsortium.org/2011/cambridge/images/logo-ocwc-
  27. 27. http://www.capetowndeclaration.org/
  28. 28. ConnexionsMERLOTCK-12OER AfricaOER BrazilOER FoundationOLnetWikipediaMozillaPIRGSOLIUniversities & Community Colleges… and MANY others
  29. 29. CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4863541086/sizes/o/in/photostr
  30. 30. Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResources vs .
  31. 31. http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=educ_figdp&lang=en
  32. 32. Global GPD = US $58.3 Tx 5% = US $2.915 T / yearHow much of that is spent:• creating courseware?• subsidizing or directly purchasing textbook
  33. 33. CC BYhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/komunews/6176280963/
  34. 34. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mag3737/191407627CC BY-NC-SA
  35. 35. Partner with Legislators who care about:(a) efficient use of national / state tax dollars;(b) saving students money; (c) increasing access to
  36. 36. Why is “Open” Important?• Cooperate & share = We all Win – Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. – …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.• Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks• Self-interest: good things happen when I share• It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
  37. 37. CC BY-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/rene_schlegel/6187008790/
  38. 38. CC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/vineetradhakrishnan/60428169
  39. 39. Legislative Strategy Textbook RFP?1. Higher Education – Textbooks for top 100 highest enrolled courses2. Primary / K-12 – Textbooks for US “Common Core”
  40. 40. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $100 textbook•= $5.5+ Million every year
  41. 41. NEW HE Models are En Route
  42. 42. The OER university Free learning opportunities for all students Adapted from Taylor 2007 worldwide
  43. 43. OERu founding anchor partners Global innovation partnership of accredited colleges, polytechnics and universities Athabasca University, Canada Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University (BAOU), India Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology, NZ Empire State College (SUNY), USA NorthTec, NZ Otago Polytechnic, NZ Southern New Hampshire University, USA Thompson Rivers University, Canada University of South Africa, South Africa University of Southern Queensland, Australia
  44. 44. National Wikiwijs ProgramDec. 2008 / LAUNCH by Minister of Education Goal: Mainstreaming OER in all educational sectors Six Activity Areas: Technology, Content, Professionalization, Communities, Research, Communication 2009–2011 / INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION Intense user evaluation Many committed stakeholders Good progress, and … lessons … 2011–2013 / SUSTAINABLE PERSPECTIVE Fully utilize user participation Clearly differentiate between the educational sectorsEstablish ownership with relevant partners in those sectors BUDGET 2009–2013: € 8,0 million www.wikiwijs.nl
  45. 45. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/sookie/3121903
  46. 46. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  47. 47. CC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcouch/226861055
  48. 48. The “Iron Triangle” suggests institutionsare constrained in their ability to adapt “In the view of many college and university presidents, the three main factors in higher education—cost, quality, and access—exist in what we call an iron triangle. These factors are linked in an unbreakable reciprocal relationship, such that any change in one will inevitably impact the others.” - Public Agenda research on opinions of higher education presidents Source: The Iron Triangle: College Presidents Talk About Costs, Access,Source: The Iron Triangle: College Presidents Talk About Costs, Access, and Quality, Public and Quality, Public Agenda, October 2008. Agenda, October 2008.
  49. 49. The Iron Triangle• Three concepts dominate the concerns presidents: – increasing cost of higher education – challenge of providing access – need to maintain and improve educational quality• Three missions in tension: – Access up = quality down and/or costs up – Quality up = access down and/or costs up – Costs down = quality down and/or access down
  50. 50. CC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/carfull/572022077
  51. 51. Only ONE thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary.
  52. 52. http://www.flickr.com/photos/doug88888/3400002114 CC BY-NC
  53. 53. CC BY: Cable Green
  54. 54. CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/5537457709
  55. 55. the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
  56. 56. the opposite of open is “broken”
  57. 57. Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org twitter: cgreen

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