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#GoOpen with Creative Commons


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#GoOpen with Creative Commons: US Department of Education

Published in: Education
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#GoOpen with Creative Commons

  1. 1. Dr. Cable Green Director of Open Education twitter: @cgreen Shifting your District to Open Educational Resources with Meredith Jacob Assistant Director, PIJIP at American University twitter: @meredithjacob Jane Park Director of Platforms & Partnerships twitter: @janedaily
  2. 2. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under:
  3. 3. Slides, notes, references:
  4. 4. Copyright & Fair Use (Why Copyright is the default and why both matter to K12)
  5. 5. Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
  6. 6. Open Educational Resources Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
  7. 7. Open Educational Resources (1) Free and unfettered access, and (2) Free copyright permissions to engage in the 5R activities
  8. 8. open ≈ free
  9. 9. free is assumed online
  10. 10. open > free
  11. 11. open = free + permissions
  12. 12. The 5Rs
  13. 13. retain is fundamental
  14. 14. retain is prerequisite to revise and remix watch out for publisher “artificial scarcity” models
  15. 15. “Faux-pen” (aka “open washing”) 1. Free (possibly gated) access 2. All rights reserved (or stronger)
  16. 16. Cost to Students Permissions to Teachers and Students Commercial Textbooks Expensive Restrictive Library Resources Free Restrictive Open Educational Resources Free 5Rs
  17. 17. Nonprofit organization Open copyright licenses Founded in 2001 Operates worldwide Teams in 85 countries
  18. 18. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  19. 19. Step 2: Receive a License
  20. 20. most freedom least freedom Not OER OER
  21. 21. puts the “open” in OER
  22. 22. How is OER changing K12 education?
  23. 23. WA State and K-12 Districts together spend $130M/year on textbooks and the results are: • Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date • Paper only / no digital versions. • Students can’t write / highlight in books • Students can’t keep books at end of year • All rights reserved… teachers can’t update • Parents often pay for lost paper books…
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Leicester City Council / CC BY 4.0
  26. 26. How is OER changing higher education?
  27. 27. Washington Community Colleges English Composition I • 62,000+ enrollments / year • x $128 textbook • ≈ $8 Million every year
  28. 28.
  29. 29. $32M saved in 2 years + $25M in 2015-2016
  30. 30. The Z-Degree REMOVING TEXTBOOK COSTS AS A BARRIER TO STUDENT SUCCESS THROUGH AN OER-BASED CURRICULUM Decreased cost to graduate by 25% Increased pedagogical flexibility Improved course completion rates
  31. 31. OER Potential in U.S. Higher Education: Save Students: Billions / year If every: Open textbook saves $128 per course / student
  32. 32. How can OER benefit your Schools?
  33. 33. Increase Equity All students have access to high quality learning materials that have the most up-to-date and relevant content because OER can be freely copied and distributed to anyone.
  34. 34. Save Money Switching to OER enables schools to repurpose funding spent on static textbooks for other pressing needs. Replacing just one textbook can free up tens of thousands of dollars available for other purposes.
  35. 35. Open Textbook Savings Calculators
  36. 36. Open Textbooks have saved students: with an additional $53 million projected through academic year 2015/16
  37. 37. Keep Content Relevant, Effective & High Quality Traditional textbooks are perpetually outdated, forcing districts to re-invest to replace them. CC licenses allow educators to maintain the quality and relevance of their OER through continuous updates.
  38. 38. Empower Teachers OER empower teachers as creative professionals by giving them the ability to adapt and customize learning materials to meet the needs of their students without breaking copyright laws.
  39. 39. How do I share?
  40. 40. How do I share?
  41. 41.  Do I own the copyright? If yes, I as the rights holder can choose to share under a CC license.  If not, what rights do I have to clear?  Whose permission do I have to seek to share the work more liberally under CC license terms? Clear the rights.
  42. 42.  My district has a website where we share our materials (see link)  My district has a preferred LMS where we share our materials (see link)  My district doesn’t have a central site… Can you recommend one? Where do I share?
  43. 43.  Microsoft  IOER (Illinois Open Educational Resources)  Edmodo Spotlight  Amazon Education  OER Commons  Other platforms: What do I look for? #GoOpen Platforms
  44. 44. Docs:
  45. 45. IOER:
  46. 46. Edmodo:
  47. 47. Amazon:
  48. 48.  Easy to add a CC license  Resources are clearly marked with a CC license notice  You can search/filter resources by license or usage rights  You can download the resource in editable formats What to look for
  49. 49. How do I attribute?
  50. 50.  Title  Author  Source (URL)  License  Name + link, eg. CC BY linked to es/by/4.0) TASL
  51. 51. What can K-12 Superintendents, Principals, & Curriculum Directors do to support OER?
  52. 52. Raise awareness of the existence of OER and the benefits for your students, teachers and parents.
  53. 53. Institutional & district support for adaptation and adoption to ensure successful adoption of OER.
  54. 54. Funding (talk with your State Legislature) to support the development or redevelopment of OER curriculum. Partner with other States / Districts (e.g., K12 OER Collaborative)
  55. 55. Institutional policies concerning OER should be developed and disseminated to help raise awareness, dispel myths, and to encourage members of the K-12 community to adopt OER & open educational practices.
  56. 56. The creation and adaptation of OER should be appropriately recognized as curricular innovation and service to the academic profession during the promotion process.
  57. 57. Money is Shifting to Open • Governments • Foundations • Open license requirements on grants and contracts…
  58. 58. Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
  59. 59. Dr. Cable Green Director of Open Education twitter: @cgreen Shifting your District to Open Educational Resources with: Meredith Jacob Assistant Director, PIJIP at American University twitter: @meredithjacob Jane Park Director of Platforms & Partnerships twitter: @janedaily
  60. 60. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies: OER Outcomes vs. Traditional Textbooks
  61. 61. 48,623 Students
  62. 62. 93% Same or Better Outcomes
  63. 63. 9 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality
  64. 64. 4,510 Professors and Students
  65. 65. 35% Better 15% Worse