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Illinois Slides (UIS & OER)

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Illinois Slides (UIS & OER)

  1. 1. Start – “Coal Mining” / 3:49 - end<br />
  2. 2. How Digital, Networked Technologies and SharingChanges Education<br />Dr. Cable Green<br />eLearning Director<br />
  3. 3. Let’s talk about the big trends & how to prepare for inevitable change&how Illinois Higher Education can think in new ways to leverage digital, networked technologies…<br />
  4. 4. “We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society”<br />Yochai Benkler<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/lonewolf23/1570632701/<br />
  5. 5. Yes… We Really are Networked…<br />seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge<br />digitization of content<br />mobile, personal<br />global platform for collaboration<br />outsourcing<br />Anyone notice our global economy?<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. "According to an IBM study, in 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours."<br />
  8. 8. And we can make<br />all of our <br />“digital stuff”<br />available to<br />all people…<br />and most of it<br />will get used...<br />by someone.<br />
  9. 9. “Long Tail” of Publishing<br />$<br />long tail<br />HarryPotter<br />Hyper-geometricpartial differentialequations<br />
  10. 10. We All Get to Participate<br />http://wiki.elearning.ubc.ca/ComingApart <br />
  11. 11.
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  13. 13. And they want services<br />like this:<br />Backup<br />
  14. 14. So how do we prepare students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using<br />technologies that haven’t been<br />invented, to solve problems we<br />don’t even know are problems yet?<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI<br />
  15. 15. (1) Engage Participatory / “Web 2.0”<br />Tools & Practices<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. RSS<br />
  18. 18. Social Networking<br />
  19. 19. Share Photos<br />http://www.flickr.com<br />
  20. 20. Wiki<br />
  21. 21. Share Slides (and use others’)<br />http://www.slideshare.net<br />
  22. 22. Share Video<br />
  23. 23. Blog<br />http://www.blogger.com <br />
  24. 24. Tweet<br />http://twitter.com<br />
  25. 25. (2) eLearning<br />Why call it “eLearning?”<br />
  26. 26. “Distance” is about geographic separation.<br />“eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, networked technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces.<br />Online, Hybrid, Enhanced<br />“eLearning”<br />
  27. 27. Going to Web and Mobile<br />
  28. 28. 20,583<br />
  29. 29. Ongoing eLearning Growth<br />Over 96,600 students learn online each year + 34,000 Hybrid<br />Online FTE up more than 22%<br />Hybrid FTE up more than 45%<br />18% (and growing) of all state instruction is delivered via online or hybrid instruction.<br />29<br />
  30. 30. Ongoing Online Learning Growth <br />45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid<br />23 colleges offer 86 different degrees and certificates online<br />16 colleges offer an AA degree online<br />30<br />
  31. 31. Why does this growth matter?<br />
  32. 32. Educate More Citizens<br /><ul><li>HECB Master Plan
  33. 33. I. Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity
  34. 34. Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates…
  35. 35. By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.</li></li></ul><li>2008-09 Online + Hybrid LearningGas / Trips / CO2 Savings<br />2.2M round trips avoided<br />= reduced traffic congestion<br />3.3M gallons of gas saved<br />64.4M pounds of CO2 not in the air<br />33<br />http://www.fhcrc.org/about/pubs/center_news/weekly/img/2007_0806_i5_traffic.jpg<br />
  36. 36. (3) Open Educational Resources<br />
  37. 37. Why is “Open” Important?<br />When we cooperate and share, we all win<br />Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces.<br />…the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.<br />Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks<br />Self-interest: good things happen when I share<br />It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.<br />
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  40. 40. Definition of OER<br />Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.<br />
  41. 41. (a few) Open Content Repositories<br />OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO<br />OCW – MIT (MIT HS)<br />China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese.<br />Rice Connexions<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43. The Old Economics<br />Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/<br />
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  46. 46. The New Economics<br />Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously<br />Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free”<br />http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/<br />
  47. 47. Comparison of Statistics Textbooks<br />
  48. 48. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades<br />http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf<br />
  49. 49. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies…<br />http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf<br />
  50. 50. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores.<br />http://www.nacs.org/public/research/margins.asp<br />
  51. 51.
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  53. 53. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55. http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org/course_correction.pdf<br />
  56. 56. Why so urgent?<br />Consider One High Enrollment Course:<br />English Composition I<br />42,600+ enrollments / year<br />X $100 textbook<br />= $4.2Million + (cost to students)<br />What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses?<br />http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg<br />
  57. 57. Hey Higher Education!<br />We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content<br />move to: "proudly borrowed from there"<br />Content is not a strategic advantage<br />Nor can we (or our students) afford it<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59.
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  61. 61. What Happens if weDon’t Change?<br />Harder to catch-up …<br />Or even understand.<br />Google, Amazon, Apple, Open Source,<br />Open Content, Open Textbooks…<br />Functional Possibilities<br />Higher Education<br />Time<br />
  62. 62. 60<br />How is the fiscal health<br />of your local newspaper?<br />
  63. 63. http://techplan.sbctc.edu<br />61<br />“We will cultivate the culture and <br />practice of using and contributing to <br />open educational resources.”<br />
  64. 64. But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education.It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)<br />62<br />
  65. 65. WA Legislation<br />SSHB1946 – two big ideas – share technology and share content.<br />(v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects…<br />63<br />
  66. 66. New State Board Policy<br />All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License. <br />64<br />
  67. 67. Student Advocacy<br />WA CTC 2009 Student Voice Academy<br />(1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS<br />“The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students….”<br />Top Issue three years running….<br />65<br />
  68. 68. Opening 81 Common Courses<br />Gates + Legislature + SBCTC + Colleges<br />“Open Course Library”<br />Designing 81 highest enrolled courses<br />Courses will be Digital – can be taught online, hybrid, web-enhanced and/or faculty can re-mix<br />Open CC Licensing – everyone has access<br />< $30 textbooks … or Free<br />81 courses enrollments = $52M+ / year in textbook costs<br />Develop a culture of sharing content in the WA CTCs<br />66<br />
  69. 69. Federal Movement on Open?<br />Obama’s American Graduation Initiative<br />“$50M / year for the creation of open courseware”<br />DOE talking about part of $2B in Community College spending<br />Senator Dick Durbin (IL)<br />Talking about “Open Textbooks” – pilot fund<br />Undersecretary of Education Martha Kanter<br />OER leader when Chancellor @ Foothill-De Anza Community College District<br />Federal Research Access Act of 2009<br />increasing public access to academic research that is funded by the federal government (free after 6 mos)<br />67<br />Principle: http://www.taxpayeraccess.org<br />
  70. 70. NEW HE Models are En Route<br />
  71. 71. Choices:<br />(1) Open up and<br />leverage global input<br />OR <br />(2) close up shop<br />
  72. 72. Think Big Crazy Ideas….<br />We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources … anduse others’ digital materials.<br />Publicly funded digital content = openly licensed and freely available to those that paid for it.<br />
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  74. 74.
  75. 75. 1. <br />“Top 50” Courses<br />
  76. 76. 2.<br />
  77. 77. Blogs: http://blog.oer.sbctc.edu http://blog.elearning.sbctc.edu Twitter: cgreen<br />Dr. Cable Green<br />eLearning Director<br />cgreen@sbctc.edu <br />(360) 704-4334<br />

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