Open Access Open Minds - Opportunity Side of Open


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Keynote given by Paul Stacey May 10, 2012 at the Kings University Open Access Open Minds conference.

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Open Access Open Minds - Opportunity Side of Open

  2. 2. Fair DealingBill C-32 & C-11
  3. 3. Access Copyright•  June 2010 Interim tariff for 2011-13•  From $5 to $35/$45 per student•  No catalog of collection – digital?•  No financial justification•  Contentious definitions of a copy•  Extensive reporting and access rqts•  Objections - CAUT, ACCC, AUCC, CLA, Canadian Alliance of Students, ...•  Interrogatories•  Opt outs – 34 and counting•  U of T & Western deal $27.50•  AUCC – closed door deal $26
  4. 4. Copyright•  Copyright Modernization Act – Bill C-32 now C-11•  Supreme Court - 6 criteria for evaluating fair dealing•  Expansion of fair dealing to education, parody & satire•  Remix provision – non-commercial mashups•  Technical protection measures – digital lock rules•  Supports innovation or chilling effect?•  Candian public interest or caving to US pressure?•  Supreme Court of Canada upcoming ruling on fair dealing in K-12 schools Bill C-32 & C-11
  5. 5. Social Engagement & Protest Michael Geist Sam Trusow Howard Knopf
  6. 6. A Parallel World
  7. 7. Open Data
  8. 8. Open Access
  9. 9. Open Pedagogies
  10. 10. Open Practices
  11. 11. Open Govt & Open Policy
  12. 12. Common Attributes of Open•  Free – public funding results in a public good•  Access & use is explicitly expressed upfront – not dependent on access copyright, payment of fees, proprietary owner permission•  Easily & quickly adapted•  Customization & enhancements dont require large investments•  Errors, improvements, & feature requests are openly shared & managed•  Development, distribution & use is community/ consortia based•  Sustainability relies on sharing - resources, development, hosting & support•  Users are developers
  13. 13. Open Access Open PedagogiesOpen Data Open PracticesOpen Govt & Open Policy
  14. 14. Benefits:•  $0 licensing fee•  easily and quickly adapted•  customization and enhancements dont require large investments•  not dependent on proprietary vendors implementation decision or timeline•  source code bugs, improvements and feature requests are all openly shared and managed•  education institutions can join forces to form community based developer networks or share hosting & support•  participants in the developer communities are also users of the software
  15. 15. Open Data
  16. 16. Free, immediate, permanent online access to the full text of research articles for anyone, webwide. There are two roads to OA:Open Access 1. the "golden road" of OA journal-publishing , where journals provide OA to their articles (either by charging the author-institution for refereeing/publishing outgoing articles instead of charging the user-institution for accessing incoming articles, or by simply making their online edition free for all) 2. the "green road" of OA self-archiving, where authors provide OA to their own published articles, by making their own eprints free for all.
  17. 17. Open Access Press
  18. 18. Open Access Journals
  19. 19. Open Access Journals
  20. 20. US Research Works Act
  21. 21. Open Pedagogies
  22. 22. Massively Open Online CoursesTeaching openly in public Students as co-creators
  23. 23. Massively Open Online Course - MOOC 2011 – 160,000 students, 190 countries
  24. 24. OER are teaching, learning, and researchresources that reside in the public domain orhave been released under an open licensethat permits their free use and re-purposingby others.Open educational resources include fullcourses, course materials, modules,textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software,and any other tools, materials, or techniquesused to support access to knowledge.Learning materials that are freely availableunder a license that allows them to be:•  eused R•  evised R•  emixed R•  edistributed R
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Foundation Funded OER
  27. 27. Publicly Funded OER TAACCCT    grant  s  $15-­‐20  million
  28. 28. Online Program Development•  Starting in 2003 BCcampus issued an annual Online Program Development Fund (OPDF) Request for Proposals (RFP) to all of BCs public post secondary institutions.•  The OPDF call for proposals emphasizes inter- institutional collaboration and partnerships for development of online learning resources.•  Development is focused on for-credit online learning resources that give students access to more programs leading to complete degrees, diplomas and certificates.
  29. 29. Online Program Development•  $9 million (2003-2010)•  144 grants awarded (2003-2010)•  100% participation across the post-secondary system•  83% partnerships - mostly inter-institutional but also with K-12, health authorities, not-for-profits, professional associations, e-learning companies, First Nations, foundations, amongst others.•  100% licensed for open free sharing & reuse (CC-BY-SA)
  30. 30. Open Curricula DevelopmentDevelopment across all academic domainsBCcampus OPDF contributed in whole or in part to 47 credentials355 courses, 12 workshops, 19 web sites/tools and 396 course components
  31. 31. Shareable Online Learning Resources (SOL*R)
  32. 32. Open License
  33. 33. Copyright holder uses open license toexpress rights associated with reuse.
  34. 34. Creative Commons
  35. 35. March 30, 2012
  36. 36. North American Network of Science Labs Online Remote Web-based Science Lab
  37. 37. Open Textbooks•  An openly-licensed textbook offered online•  Can read online, download, or print the book at no cost (or small cost for print version) Students spend roughly $900-$1,000 a year on texts.
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Open Textbooks
  40. 40. Washington, California, Texas (and soon BC) all pursuingopen textbooks at state/province level. Focus is on highenrollment courses.
  41. 41. Open Practices
  42. 42.
  43. 43. Open Govt. & Open Policy
  44. 44. Promote creative and innovative activities, which will deliver social and economic benefits. Make government more transparent and open in its activities, ensuring that the public are better informed about the work of the government and the public sector. Enable more civic and democratic engagement through social enterprise and voluntary and community activities.
  45. 45.
  46. 46. 2012 WORLD OER CONGRESSUNESCO, PARIS, JUNE 20-22, 2012DRAFT DECLARATIONa. Support the use of OER through the revision of policy regulating higher educationb. Contribute to raising awareness of key OER issuesc. Review national ICT/connectivity strategies for Higher Educationd. Consider adapting open licensing frameworkse. Consider adopting open format standardsf. Support institutional investments in curriculum designg. Support the sustainable production and sharing of learning materialsh. Collaborate to find effective ways to harness OER.
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  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
  51. 51. The University of Open - An Imagined Open Future
  52. 52. Q&A – Followup Paul Stacey Director Curriculum Development BCcampus 555 Seymour Street, Suite 200 Vancouver, BC V6B 3H6 web site: e-mail: blog: Presentation slides available at: