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Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER)

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This presentation is delivered regularly with faculty at our institution to discuss the possibilities of open education and open educational resources. I keep this presentation up to date, so please feel free to use it to share open practices and open pedagogy!

Last updated May 2014

Published in: Education, Technology

Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER)

  1. 1. Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER) Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning Vancouver Island University Search & Create LicenseRemix Share
  2. 2. 2009-2012
  3. 3. What does the term open educational resources (OER) mean to you? by dkscully
  4. 4. Learning outcomes for today’s session • Understand the term open educational resources and how they came to be • Know where to search for open educational resources • Recognize and understand the Creative Commons License • Consider how open educational resources might impact your work
  5. 5. Open Educational Resources Shared Shared freely and openly to be… Used Improved Redistributed … used by anyone to …… adapt / repurpose/ improve under some type of license in order to … … redistribute and share again. Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials which are discoverable online and openly licensed that can be:
  6. 6. Available to other faculties, students and institutions. Other educators can now discover and reuse. Learning activity or resource Creates Designated as OER on web Adapted from Conole, G., McAndrew, P. & Dimitriadis, Y., 2010 Shares with students and other faculty Traditional sharing of teaching materials Sharing educational resources as OER Additional considerations: • Clearing of copyright issues • Formatting for web and accessibility for reuse • Addition of descriptive metadata • Publishing in repository, referatory or on the web Educator Sharing beyond the classroom
  7. 7. • Alternative copyright Licensing • A range of financial models • Affordances of the Internet • Change in philosophy Social Technical LegalFinancial What has enabled OER?
  8. 8. The Open Movement Change in philosophy towards an “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society Open Educational Resources Open Data
  9. 9. Affordances of the Internet Title : File:Internet map 1024.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_map_1024.jpg license : Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
  10. 10. A range of financial models • Donor funding – e.g. Hewlett Foundation • Marketing budget – e.g. Open University • Commission – e.g. MIT and Amazon • Endowment – e.g. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy • Membership – e.g. Sakai Consortium, OCWC • Government – e.g. UK £7.8 million grant, US commitment to OER
  11. 11. What happens when you create and share something on the internet? Your work is automatically protected under copyright!
  12. 12. Online DOES NOT EQUAL openly licensed! Pixel | Flickr - Photo Sharing! : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/37408217@N08/5025870260/ Author: filin ilia - aliyo.hu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/deed.en
  13. 13. © Cancels the Possibilities Of digital media and the internet Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids Wiley, D. (2012) Openness and the Future. ETS Future of Assessment Conference. Presentation available: http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/openness-and-the-future-of-assessment
  14. 14. Copyright and the Public Domain
  15. 15. Alternative copyright licensing
  16. 16. 0 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 300,000,000 350,000,000 400,000,000 450,000,000 Minimum Total Creative Commons Licensed Works http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Metrics
  17. 17. http://creativecommons.org/choose/ Choosing a Creative Commons License Which Creative Commons licence is right for me? poster | Creative Commons Australia : taken from - http://creativecommons.org.au/learn-more/fact-sheets/which- creative-commons-licence-is-right-for-me-poster http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/
  18. 18. A note on Fair Dealing in Canada • The copyright modernization act (Bill C-11) broadens the scope of fair dealing and allowances in education • UBC has an excellent summary of key changes on their website as well as a great frequently asked questions guide Photo Credit: Thomas Tolkien licensed under Creative Commons
  19. 19. Recap: What makes an OER? • Educational curriculum, materials or mixed media • Discoverable online as they are shared freely and openly • Openly licensed (usually Creative Commons) • Can be legally used by anyone to repurpose/ improve and redistribute
  20. 20. OPEN VERSUS CLOSED WEB RESOURCES
  21. 21. The origins of OER: MIT OpenCourseWare
  22. 22. Open Course Ware: Open University
  23. 23. Copyright CourseWare: Network Science
  24. 24. Open Video: The Khan Academy
  25. 25. Mostly closed video: YouTube
  26. 26. YouTube recently launched a Creative Commons licensing option
  27. 27. Open Encyclopedia: Wikipedia
  28. 28. Closed Encyclopedia: Encyclopedia Britannica
  29. 29. Internet Enables - Copyright Forbids http://torrentfreak.com/police-raid-school-teacher-for- uploading-history-book-for-students-130520 • Use openly licensed content whenever possible when creating your own digital teaching resources (if planning to share openly online) • Link back and cite open sources within your content http://www.roniloren.com/blog/2012/7/20/bloggers-beware-you- can-get-sued-for-using-pics-on-your-blog.html
  30. 30. WHERE TO FIND OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  31. 31. VIU OER Directory
  32. 32. A good starting point: OER Commons
  33. 33. OCWC Search
  34. 34. Open learning object repository: Merlot
  35. 35. Open textbooks: Connexions
  36. 36. Open textbooks for K12: Siyavula
  37. 37. Aggregated video/podcasts: Academic Earth
  38. 38. Mixed Media: Wikimedia
  39. 39. University of Minnesota: Open academics textbook catalog
  40. 40. Free and open source software More here: http://www.tripwiremagazine.com/2010/03/20-most-popular-open-source-software-ever-2.html https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Fh7z6Oz4tBK5yvhjdf3UIRjmhJZrO5SJFFIUngLRaF4/edit Alternative to: Dreamweaver or hand coded web design Alternative to: Adobe Audition or Wavelab Alternative to: MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Ac cess, Visio Alternative to: MS Notepad or Dreamweaver Alternative to: MS Windows, Apple OS Alternative to: MS MediaPlayer Alternative to: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator
  41. 41. Open access research: DOAJ List of Journals Licensed under a Creative Commons License
  42. 42. B.C. Open Textbook Project Brigham Young University faculty survey seeks to advance open education through academic libraries | Flickr - Photo Sharing! : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/6555466069/ Author: opensourceway http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- sa/2.0/deed.en “B.C. is leveraging 21st century- technologies and licensing to ensure its citizens have affordable access to high-quality post-secondary textbooks. Open licensing on publicly funded content ensures the greatest impact for the public dollar.“ Dr. Cable Green (Creative Commons) http://www2.news.gov.bc.ca/news_releases_2009-2013/2012AEIT0010-001581.htm Cal for reviews: http://open.bccampus.ca/call-for-reviewers/
  43. 43. SOME TOOLS OF THE TRADE A Creative Commons image by (ta)
  44. 44. https://wordpress.viu.ca/openeducationalresources/
  45. 45. Compfight image search and attribution tool • Searches Creative Commons Flickr images • Provides license and attribution for image
  46. 46. Creative Commons Search
  47. 47. Attribution made “easier” • Browser plugin lets you know when you are on a webpage which uses Creative Commons • Click icon to access attribution text • Add on available for Firefox, Chrome, Oper a, Wordpress and Drupal http://openattribute.com/ Demo
  48. 48. Xpert Image Attribution Tool • Searches Creative Commons Flickr images • Embeds license and attribution on image for download and use http://www.nottingham.ac. uk/xpert/attribution/
  49. 49. Attributing Creative Commons https://twitter.com/Mattclare/status/331429150143430659/photo/1 Author, Title, Source, URL to source, URL to license MIT OpenCourseWare Nuclear Systems Design Project | Nuclear Science and Engineering | MIT OpenCourseWare : taken from - http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/nuclear-engineering/22-033- nuclear-systems-design-project-fall-2011/ Author: Dr. Michael Short http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc- sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US Wikipedia Vancouver Island University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia : taken from - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vancouver_Island_University http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
  50. 50. BEYOND OPEN CONTENT by fd
  51. 51. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): PLENK2010
  52. 52. MITx: MIT’s latest open education projectUdacity Coursera 2012 - Year of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) • Are they really open? • Content free, pay for accreditation? • You pay with your data?
  53. 53. WHY GO OPEN? WHAT ARE THE POSSIBILITIES? by ryancr
  54. 54. CHED Computer Literacy Guides • IEEE UCT chapter use the openly licensed CHED computer literacy materials to support training in a computer lab donated to a high school http://www.ebe.uct.ac.za/usr/ebe/staff/april2010.pdf
  55. 55. Creative Commons Licensing Screencast • Creative Commons licensing video is translated into Czechoslovakian, French, Italian and Spanish on YouTube
  56. 56. Studying at University: A guide for first year students • Used by multiple universities across South Africa • The guide has been accessed over 3800 times on the web and over 600 physical printed guides have been sold • Now used at VIU!
  57. 57. OpenContent becomes a Journal Article • Materials published as OER selected for publishing in the Journal of Occupational Therapy of Galicia, an open access journal for occupational therapists in the Spanish speaking world http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/oer-uct/2010/12/06/sharing-knowledge-leads-to-opportunities
  58. 58. Measuring influence: Alternative metrics
  59. 59. Closing note: "When you learn transparently (and openly) you become a teacher“ Siemens, 2010 Siemens, G. & Matheos, K. (2010). Open Social Learning in Higher Education: An African Context. VI International Seminar of the UNESCO chair in e-learning; open social learning. Available online: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oexie4cwpf8
  60. 60. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/ca/ Prepared by: Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning michael.paskevicus@viu.ca Follow me: http://twitter.com/mpaskevi Blog: http://wordpress.viu.ca/edtechdev/ Presentations: http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi

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