Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Opportunity Is Open


Published on

Talk given to NC Community College System on June 18, 2012.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The Opportunity Is Open

  1. 1. The Opportunity is Open Tom Caswell Open Education Policy AssociateWA State Board for Community & Technical CollegesIntegrated Teaching & Learning Gateway Symposium NC Community College System June 18, 2012
  2. 2. CC BY-NC-ND Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda
  3. 3. Iron Triangle “In the view of many college and university presidents, the three main factors in higher education—cost, quality, and access—exist in what we call an iron triangle. These factors are linked in an unbreakable reciprocal relationship, such that any change in one will inevitably impact the others.” - Public Agenda research on opinions of higher education presidents Source: The Iron Triangle: College Presidents Talk About Costs, Access, and Quality, Public Agenda, October 2008.
  4. 4. Iron Triangle Quality vs. Cost vs. Access The “Iron Triangle” suggests institutions are constrained in their ability to adapt. Access Quality Cost
  5. 5. Global Trends Internet + Digital Content = Lower Cost Greater Access Greater Quality Right?
  6. 6. Who’s the audience?How do students drive this?How do faculty guide them?“It’s going to be done by themasses, not the masters.” Slide by Myk Garn
  7. 7. “Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years. By: COL1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures British Council and IDP Australia projections s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  8. 8. How do we currentlyattempt to harness digitalnetworked technologies?
  9. 9.
  10. 10. By: UNESCO:
  11. 11. OER DefinitionOpen Educational Resources (OER): Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or repurposing by others.
  12. 12. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  13. 13. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 (2000+ copies print-on-demand) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  14. 14. Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything…
  15. 15. Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResources vs.
  16. 16. By: MIT OCW:
  17. 17. Higher Ed
  18. 18. Affordability SBCTC Example: English Composition I 50,000+ enrollments / year x $175 textbook = $8.7+ Million every year
  19. 19.“We will cultivate the culture andpractice of using and contributing toopen educational resources.”
  20. 20. State Board “Open” Policy All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
  21. 21. Open Course Library A collection of openly licensed (CC BY) educational materials for 81 high-enrollment college courses Project Goals: 1. Lower textbook costs for students 2. Improve course completion rates 3. Provide new resources for faculty Credit: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC- SA Please visit:
  22. 22. Open Course Library The first 42 courses were released October 31, 2011 Over 80 media mentions worldwide Over 35,000 visits from 125 countries to
  23. 23. Open Course Library Initial Impact In the first year, students will save $1.1 million in textbook costs That’s more than we spent to develop the courses… in year 1.
  24. 24. Open Course ReusesOpen CourseLibrary Materials
  25. 25. Open Course Library
  26. 26. Open Course Library
  27. 27. Next Steps: Open Course Library Driving Open Course Library Course Adoptions • Regional conferences and workshops • New faculty trainings • Marking OCL courses in class schedules Building open sharing into existing teaching workflows and technologies • Lecture capture • Next LMS will have “open sharing” feature
  28. 28. WA Education Master PlanEducate More CitizensRaise educational attainment to create prosperity,opportunity • Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates… • By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.
  29. 29. More? Better? Faster? How does OER help teach more students and teach them better? 1. Non-rivalrous, scalable, searchable 2. Allows students to preview and review • Paves the way for lifelong learning 3. Can be customized, translated, improved • Data feedback loops are useless without the ability to change the content
  30. 30. NEW HE Models are En Route
  31. 31. What if… • What if all publicly funded educational content was open access? • What kind of efficiencies could higher education yield? • Simple idea: public access to publicly funded educational materials.
  32. 32. Only ONE Thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary.
  33. 33. Conclusion:We can break the “Iron Triangle” IF we:1. Ask “what is best for students?”2. Openly license and share our educational and scientific resources3. Explore more affordable, scalable models for higher education using digital, networked, open technologies
  34. 34. Tom CaswellOpen Education Policy AssociateWA State Board for Community & Technical CollegesEmail: tcaswell@sbctc.eduBlog: http://tomcaswell.comPlease visit:http://whyopenedmatters.orghttp://creativecommons.orgSlides available at: