Splint should be properly applied, well padded at
bony prominences and at the fracture sites
Bandage of the splint shouldn’t be too tight nor
Patient should be encouraged to actively exercise
the muscles and the joints inside the splint as much
Any compression of nerve or vessel should be
detected early and managed accordingly.
Daily checking and adjustments should be made.
Traction is a method of restoring
alignment to a fracture through gradual
neutralisation of muscular forces.
a) Reduction of fractures and dislocations.
b) Immobilising painful and inflamed joint.
c) Preventing deformities.
d) Correction of soft tissue contractures.
Counter-traction is provided by a part of the
Weight of the body under influence of
gravity provides counter-traction.
Lower end of femur
Upper end of tibia
Lower end f tibia
SKIN TRACTION SKELETAL
AGE Children Adults
APPLIED WITH Adhesive plaster Pin,wire
APPLIED Skin Bone
SITE Below knee Upper tibial pin
Wt.PERMITTED 3-4 kg 20kg
DURATION Short long
Loss of position
Pin track infection
Injury to vessels or nerves
a. Traction should be made comfortable.
b. Proper functioning of traction unit must
c. Sensations over toes and fingers should
d. Proper position of fracture ensured by
taking check xrays in traction.
e. Physiotherapy of limb should be
continued to minimise muscle wasting.