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2. lvrm ch2 ukraine enviro analysis

ukraine enviro analysis

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2. lvrm ch2 ukraine enviro analysis

  1. 1. EnvironmentalEnvironmental AnalysisAnalysis ProcessProcess Understanding The Situation BeforeUnderstanding The Situation Before You Implement An ActionYou Implement An Action
  2. 2. Environmentally Sound PlanningEnvironmentally Sound Planning • Prevents costly repairs • Sustainable over the long-term • Ensures the results of the project are not reduced due to negative environmental impacts • Shows professionalism and good stewardship
  3. 3. Legal FrameworkLegal Framework The National EnvironmentalThe National Environmental Policy Act of 1969Policy Act of 1969
  4. 4. National Environmental Policy ActNational Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)(NEPA) • NEPANEPA establishes asestablishes as U.S. National Policy:U.S. National Policy: “…“…harmony between man and hisharmony between man and his environment…”environment…” • To implement this national policy,To implement this national policy, NEPA requiresNEPA requires every federal agencyevery federal agency toto assess and consider the potentialassess and consider the potential environmental impacts of their actions.environmental impacts of their actions.
  5. 5. In 1975, USAID CompliesIn 1975, USAID Complies • USAID developed NEPA complianceUSAID developed NEPA compliance procedures. These becameprocedures. These became Title 22Title 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations,of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 216 (22 CFR 216).Part 216 (22 CFR 216). REG. 216REG. 216
  6. 6. USAID EnvironmentalUSAID Environmental ProceduresProcedures • The Code of Federal RegulationsThe Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 216 states:(CFR) Part 216 states: – Identify and consider theIdentify and consider the environmental consequencesenvironmental consequences before making decisions andbefore making decisions and committing fundscommitting funds – Be sure that appropriateBe sure that appropriate environmental mitigationenvironmental mitigation measures aremeasures are identified andidentified and appliedapplied
  7. 7. Regulation 216 applies to:Regulation 216 applies to: • All new or supplementaryAll new or supplementary activities funded by USAIDactivities funded by USAID • Changes in existingChanges in existing activities which imply:activities which imply: – New componentsNew components – Time ExtensionTime Extension – Additional financingAdditional financing – Environmental impacts notEnvironmental impacts not previously foreseenpreviously foreseen
  8. 8. 1 Identification of the project 2 Scoping 3 Data collection & interpretation 4 Design of alt 5 Evaluations of effects 6 Comparison of alt 7 Decision & public review 8 Implementation & monitoring An Environmental Analysis ProcessAn Environmental Analysis Process
  9. 9. Interdisciplinary Planning Team
  10. 10. 1. Identification of the project (What action is proposed?) 1) Identify purpose & need 2) Develop a goal to provide a framework for analysis
  11. 11. 2. Scoping (Why is it needed?) Identify: -Issues, -Opportunities, & -Effects of implementing the proposed action
  12. 12. Collect Data Identify probable effects of project implementation 2003 Lower Stillwell thalweg 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 3. Data collection & interpretation (What factors will be used in the to make a decision?) Stream profile surveyStream profile survey
  13. 13. Alternatives must clearly address key issues 4. Design of alternatives (What other actions would meet the need?)
  14. 14. Understand and determine the effects • Direct • Indirect • Cumulative 5. Evaluations of effects (What would it mean to not meet the need?) For Each Alternative: •Physical •Biological •Economical •Social
  15. 15. Relevant environmental factors: Stability Erosivity Water quality Biodiversity 6. Comparison of alternatives (What are the effects of each alternative?)
  16. 16. • Select Alternative • Review & comments of public 7. Decision & public review (Are there ways to mitigate any Adverse affects?)
  17. 17. • Record Results • Implement alternative • Develop monitoring plan • Mitigate issues as planned 8. Implementation & monitoring (What is the final decision and what will be monitored?)
  18. 18. Lake Atitlan, GuatemalaLake Atitlan, Guatemala
  19. 19. Kabali, UgandaKabali, Uganda
  20. 20. Camino de la Muerte, BoliviaCamino de la Muerte, Bolivia
  21. 21. Genesee Valley Quarry, CaliforniaGenesee Valley Quarry, California