Introduction Fabrication of Smart Dust Working Major challenges Applications Advantages & Disadvantages Conclusion
Smart Dust is a self-contained network of tiny motes each having the capability of sensing and monitoring the environment conditions. Smart Dust concept has been credited to researchers at the University of California, Bekerley in 1997 by Prof. Kris Pister. They contain sensors which have the computational capability They can communicate with a base station or with other motes depending on the application. The transmission is carried out by microscopic devices known as micro electromechanical system (MEMS)
N Micro-controller W E 2 Axis Magnetic Processor S Sensor 2 Axis Tiny operating Accelerom system eter 3 KB RAM memory Light Intensity Sensor Humidity Sensor Pressure Sensor Temperature Sensor
Smart dust motes run by a microcontroller. Microcontrollers consist of tiny sensors for recording various types of data. Sensors run by timers. Data is sent to the base controlling station Corner Cube Retro-Reflectors (CCR) built using MEMS technique
It is difficult to fit all these devices in a small Smart Dust both size wise and Energy wise. As the devices are so small, batteries present a massive addition of weight.
Environmental protection Circulatory Net Habitat Monitoring In hospitals In military Security Virtual keyboards Virtual Keyboard SMART DUST
IMPLEMENTATION Drop a smart dust from an airplane Motes self-organize into a networkUSAGE A mote that detects a fire notifies central monitoring station The mote location is the approximate location of the fire
Benefits Inspect pipes without crawling in tight spaces. No need to remove insulation to inspect pipe
The main concern is privacy. Because it is so tiny, this device can be used to spy on people without their approval. Another concern is the security of the information transmitted through this sensors. Like in any other computer, hackers can brake into the system and steal or modify important data.
There are many ongoing researches on Smart Dust,the main purpose of these researches is to makeSmart Dust mote as small as possible and to makeit available at as low price as possible.