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European 
Coloniza.on 
of 
North 
America 
1. 
What 
mo.vated 
Europeans 
to 
se<le 
North 
America? 
2. 
Where 
and 
why 
Did 
the 
Dutch 
and 
French 
se<le 
in 
North 
America? 
Textbook 
Reference: 
Chapter 
3 
Sec.on 
3
“I 
Can” 
Checklist 
q I 
can 
explain 
how 
differences 
and 
compe..on 
led 
to 
conflict 
between 
European 
powers 
in 
North 
America 
q I 
can 
iden.fy 
key 
individuals 
who 
contributed 
to 
explora.on 
q I 
can 
explain 
the 
impact 
on 
Na.ve 
Americans
Key 
Terms 
and 
Concepts 
• 1500s-­‐1600s 
• 
Henry 
Hudson, 
Samuel 
de 
Champlain, 
Peter 
Minuit, 
New 
France, 
New 
Netherland 
• Northwest 
Passage, 
coureur 
de 
bois, 
fur 
trading, 
alliance, 
missionaries, 
Protestant 
Reforma.on, 
Mar.n 
Luther, 
Hudson 
River, 
St. 
Lawrence 
River, 
New 
Orleans
During 
the 
era 
of 
explora.on, 
the 
Spanish 
established 
an 
empire 
in 
North 
and 
South 
America. 
Following 
Spain's 
example, 
England, 
France, 
and 
the 
Netherlands 
set 
out 
to 
establish 
colonies 
in 
North 
America.
Where 
did 
European 
na.ons 
explore 
and 
set 
up 
colonies 
in 
North 
America?
England 
• John 
Cabot 
1497 
• First 
to 
reach 
the 
northern 
coast 
of 
North 
America 
since 
the 
Vikings. 
Claimed 
to 
have 
found 
a 
“new-­‐found 
island” 
in 
Asia. 
• England 
spends 
the 
rest 
of 
the 
century 
stealing 
from 
other 
countries 
ships 
and 
searching 
for 
a 
northwest 
passage 
in 
the 
area 
Cabot 
mapped 
out
John 
Cabot
Northwest 
Passage 
• A 
waterway 
through 
or 
around 
North 
America 
that 
was 
never 
found. 
• Eventually 
Europe 
started 
thinking 
about 
profi.ng 
from 
the 
regions 
rich 
natural 
resources 
instead 
of 
going 
to 
Asia
England 
• Henry 
Hudson 
1610-­‐1611 
• Leads 
the 
explora.on 
far 
north 
into 
what 
is 
now 
called 
Hudson 
bay. 
• Hudson, 
his 
son, 
and 
a 
few 
supporters 
are 
stranded 
there 
by 
his 
crew 
during 
a 
mu.ny, 
and 
are 
never 
heard 
from 
again.
The 
Netherlands 
• Henry 
Hudson 
1609 
• While 
sailing 
for 
the 
Dutch, 
he 
entered 
New 
York 
Harbor 
and 
con.nued 
to 
sail 
150 
miles 
up 
what 
is 
now 
called 
the 
Hudson 
River
The 
Hudson 
River
New 
Netherland 
• Peter 
Minuit 
1626 
• Bought 
Manha<an 
Island 
from 
American 
Indians 
and 
started 
a 
trading 
post 
at 
the 
mouth 
of 
the 
Hudson 
River 
called 
New 
Amsterdam. 
Other 
Dutch 
colonists 
se<led 
up 
and 
down 
the 
river-­‐ 
the 
area 
was 
called 
New 
Netherland
Peter 
Minuit
New 
Netherland 
• New 
Amsterdam 
quickly 
grew 
into 
a 
busy 
port 
• The 
Dutch 
welcomed 
people 
from 
all 
over 
Europe 
into 
their 
colony 
• In 
1655 
they 
took 
over 
the 
colony 
of 
New 
Sweden 
• The 
Dutch 
excelled 
in 
trading 
and 
taking 
resources 
such 
as 
.mber 
and 
furs 
from 
their 
se<lements
New 
Amsterdam
France 
• Giovanni 
da 
Verrazano 
1524 
• An 
Italian 
explorer 
sent 
by 
France. 
He 
is 
the 
first 
to 
navigate 
and 
map 
the 
East 
coast 
from 
the 
Carolinas 
to 
Canada 
• Jacques 
Car.er 
( 
kar 
tee 
yay)1534-­‐36 
• Leads 
his 
crew 
more 
than 
halfway 
up 
the 
Canadian 
river 
we 
now 
call 
the 
St. 
Lawrence
Giovanni 
da 
Verrazano
Jacques 
Car.er
St. 
Lawrence 
River
New 
France 
• Samuel 
de 
Champlain 
1605 
• Founded 
Port 
Royal, 
the 
first 
permanent 
French 
se<lement 
in 
North 
America 
• Three 
years 
later 
he 
followed 
Car.er’s 
route 
up 
the 
St. 
Lawrence 
and 
built 
a 
trading 
post 
known 
as 
Quebec
Samuel 
de 
Champlain
New 
France 
• Unlike 
Spain’s 
Empire, 
New 
France 
had 
li<le 
gold 
or 
silver. 
Instead 
they 
profited 
from 
fishing, 
trapping, 
and 
trading 
• The 
French 
colonists 
who 
lived 
and 
worked 
in 
the 
woods 
became 
known 
as 
Coureurs 
de 
bois 
(Koo 
RYOOR 
Duh 
BWAH) 
or 
“runners 
of 
the 
woods” 
• These 
fur 
trappers 
and 
traders 
established 
friendly 
rela.onships 
with 
American 
Indians
New 
France 
• They 
did 
not 
interfere 
with 
Indian 
land 
as 
much 
as 
the 
English 
because 
they 
weren’t 
farmers 
• They 
provided 
American 
Indians 
with 
valuable 
European 
made 
goods 
• The 
Na.ve 
Americans 
taught 
them 
how 
to 
survive 
and 
trap 
• The 
beaver 
skins 
and 
other 
furs 
were 
sold 
for 
a 
high 
price 
in 
Europe 
through 
the 
fur 
trade
New 
France 
• Catholic 
missionaries 
olen 
accompanied 
the 
Coureurs 
de 
bois 
in 
order 
to 
convert 
American 
Indians. 
They 
olen 
made 
maps 
and 
wrote 
journals 
and 
le<ers 
describing 
their 
journeys
New 
Orleans 
• Jacques 
Marque<e 
and 
Louis 
Joliet 
1673 
• A 
missionary 
and 
a 
fur 
trader 
followed 
the 
St 
Lawrence 
to 
the 
Great 
Lakes 
then 
they 
followed 
the 
Mississippi 
river 
for 
more 
than 
700 
miles 
with 
the 
help 
of 
American 
Indian 
guides. 
• New 
Orleans 
is 
built 
to 
send 
goods 
to 
Europe 
and 
keep 
other 
European 
na.ons 
out 
of 
French 
territory
Coloniza.on, 
Compe..on 
and 
Effects 
on 
Na.ve 
Americans 
• The 
Protestant 
Reforma.on: 
In 
1517, 
Mar.n 
Luther 
publicly 
challenged 
many 
of 
the 
prac.ces 
of 
the 
Catholic 
Church. 
This 
eventually 
led 
to 
many 
different 
Chris.an 
churches 
being 
formed 
in 
Western 
Europe. 
• European 
na.ons 
are 
figh.ng 
in 
Europe 
and 
the 
colonists 
bring 
their 
religious 
struggle 
with 
them 
to 
the 
Americas
Coloniza.on, 
Compe..on 
and 
Effects 
on 
Na.ve 
Americans 
• The 
English, 
Dutch 
and 
the 
French 
competed 
for 
land 
and 
domina.on 
of 
the 
fur 
trade. 
• This 
led 
to 
violent 
clashes 
between 
them 
and 
their 
Indian 
allies 
(Alliance) 
• The 
Huron 
fought 
for 
the 
French 
and 
the 
Iroquois 
fought 
for 
the 
Dutch 
• The 
Europeans 
encouraged 
the 
Na.ve 
Americans 
to 
fight 
each 
other 
• The 
Beaver 
popula.on 
was 
almost 
wiped 
out 
in 
New 
York 
and 
parts 
of 
Canada
Effects 
on 
Na.ve 
Americans 
• European 
goods 
also 
altered 
Na.ve 
American 
life 
in 
dras.c 
ways 
• Alcohol, 
muskets 
and 
gunpowder 
and 
copper 
ke<les 
• The 
French, 
Dutch, 
and 
English 
all 
seized 
Indian 
lands 
• Forcing 
them 
to 
move 
westward 
into 
the 
lands 
of 
other 
Na.ve 
Americans
Alcohol 
and 
the 
Fur 
Trade
Why 
did 
European 
na.ons 
se<le 
in 
North 
America?
Religious 
compe..on 
Economic 
compe..on
Where 
did 
European 
na.ons 
originally 
se<le 
in 
North 
America?
New 
Netherlands
New 
France 
and 
English 
Colonies
From 
the 
Hudson 
Bay 
to 
the 
St. 
Lawrence 
River 
in 
Canada 
The 
Hudson 
River 
in 
New 
York 
and 
all 
along 
the 
East 
Coast

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Term1 unit2 pt1

  • 1. European Coloniza.on of North America 1. What mo.vated Europeans to se<le North America? 2. Where and why Did the Dutch and French se<le in North America? Textbook Reference: Chapter 3 Sec.on 3
  • 2. “I Can” Checklist q I can explain how differences and compe..on led to conflict between European powers in North America q I can iden.fy key individuals who contributed to explora.on q I can explain the impact on Na.ve Americans
  • 3. Key Terms and Concepts • 1500s-­‐1600s • Henry Hudson, Samuel de Champlain, Peter Minuit, New France, New Netherland • Northwest Passage, coureur de bois, fur trading, alliance, missionaries, Protestant Reforma.on, Mar.n Luther, Hudson River, St. Lawrence River, New Orleans
  • 4. During the era of explora.on, the Spanish established an empire in North and South America. Following Spain's example, England, France, and the Netherlands set out to establish colonies in North America.
  • 5. Where did European na.ons explore and set up colonies in North America?
  • 6. England • John Cabot 1497 • First to reach the northern coast of North America since the Vikings. Claimed to have found a “new-­‐found island” in Asia. • England spends the rest of the century stealing from other countries ships and searching for a northwest passage in the area Cabot mapped out
  • 8. Northwest Passage • A waterway through or around North America that was never found. • Eventually Europe started thinking about profi.ng from the regions rich natural resources instead of going to Asia
  • 9.
  • 10. England • Henry Hudson 1610-­‐1611 • Leads the explora.on far north into what is now called Hudson bay. • Hudson, his son, and a few supporters are stranded there by his crew during a mu.ny, and are never heard from again.
  • 11.
  • 12. The Netherlands • Henry Hudson 1609 • While sailing for the Dutch, he entered New York Harbor and con.nued to sail 150 miles up what is now called the Hudson River
  • 14.
  • 15. New Netherland • Peter Minuit 1626 • Bought Manha<an Island from American Indians and started a trading post at the mouth of the Hudson River called New Amsterdam. Other Dutch colonists se<led up and down the river-­‐ the area was called New Netherland
  • 17. New Netherland • New Amsterdam quickly grew into a busy port • The Dutch welcomed people from all over Europe into their colony • In 1655 they took over the colony of New Sweden • The Dutch excelled in trading and taking resources such as .mber and furs from their se<lements
  • 19. France • Giovanni da Verrazano 1524 • An Italian explorer sent by France. He is the first to navigate and map the East coast from the Carolinas to Canada • Jacques Car.er ( kar tee yay)1534-­‐36 • Leads his crew more than halfway up the Canadian river we now call the St. Lawrence
  • 23. New France • Samuel de Champlain 1605 • Founded Port Royal, the first permanent French se<lement in North America • Three years later he followed Car.er’s route up the St. Lawrence and built a trading post known as Quebec
  • 25. New France • Unlike Spain’s Empire, New France had li<le gold or silver. Instead they profited from fishing, trapping, and trading • The French colonists who lived and worked in the woods became known as Coureurs de bois (Koo RYOOR Duh BWAH) or “runners of the woods” • These fur trappers and traders established friendly rela.onships with American Indians
  • 26. New France • They did not interfere with Indian land as much as the English because they weren’t farmers • They provided American Indians with valuable European made goods • The Na.ve Americans taught them how to survive and trap • The beaver skins and other furs were sold for a high price in Europe through the fur trade
  • 27.
  • 28. New France • Catholic missionaries olen accompanied the Coureurs de bois in order to convert American Indians. They olen made maps and wrote journals and le<ers describing their journeys
  • 29. New Orleans • Jacques Marque<e and Louis Joliet 1673 • A missionary and a fur trader followed the St Lawrence to the Great Lakes then they followed the Mississippi river for more than 700 miles with the help of American Indian guides. • New Orleans is built to send goods to Europe and keep other European na.ons out of French territory
  • 30. Coloniza.on, Compe..on and Effects on Na.ve Americans • The Protestant Reforma.on: In 1517, Mar.n Luther publicly challenged many of the prac.ces of the Catholic Church. This eventually led to many different Chris.an churches being formed in Western Europe. • European na.ons are figh.ng in Europe and the colonists bring their religious struggle with them to the Americas
  • 31.
  • 32. Coloniza.on, Compe..on and Effects on Na.ve Americans • The English, Dutch and the French competed for land and domina.on of the fur trade. • This led to violent clashes between them and their Indian allies (Alliance) • The Huron fought for the French and the Iroquois fought for the Dutch • The Europeans encouraged the Na.ve Americans to fight each other • The Beaver popula.on was almost wiped out in New York and parts of Canada
  • 33.
  • 34. Effects on Na.ve Americans • European goods also altered Na.ve American life in dras.c ways • Alcohol, muskets and gunpowder and copper ke<les • The French, Dutch, and English all seized Indian lands • Forcing them to move westward into the lands of other Na.ve Americans
  • 35.
  • 36. Alcohol and the Fur Trade
  • 37.
  • 38. Why did European na.ons se<le in North America?
  • 40.
  • 41. Where did European na.ons originally se<le in North America?
  • 43. New France and English Colonies
  • 44. From the Hudson Bay to the St. Lawrence River in Canada The Hudson River in New York and all along the East Coast