Age Of Discovery


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Age Of Discovery

  1. 1. Age of Discovery
  2. 2. What was the Age of Discovery? <ul><li>It was also known as the Age of Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>15 th – 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>European ships traveled the world searching for new trade routes and trading goods (gold, silver, spices) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why was it important? <ul><li>Encountered unknown people </li></ul><ul><li>Mapped unknown lands </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ships <ul><li>Carrack (Santa Maria) </li></ul><ul><li>Caravel - small, light ships with triangular sails good for exploring, sail into the wind </li></ul><ul><li>Lanteen sail -More maneuverable </li></ul><ul><li>Sails hanging straight down helped the ship move quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Sail at the back of the ship hung at an angle helping the ship sail against the wind </li></ul>
  5. 5. Carvel
  6. 6. Carrack
  7. 7. Prince Henry <ul><li>Known as the Navigator </li></ul><ul><li>Brought shipbuilders, mapmakers, and sea captains to Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Never went on voyages </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prince Henry
  9. 9. Technology <ul><li>Compass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>32 point replaced 21 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Astrolabe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool that measures the height of the sun or a star above the horizon sailors could tell how far north or south they were </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Columbian Exchange <ul><li>From Europe to America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pigs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bananas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee beans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From America to Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tomato </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potato </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peanuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cacao </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>peppers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Spanish – Ponce de Leon <ul><li>Ponce de León founded the first settlement in Puerto Rico. </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly gained control of the island </li></ul><ul><li>Named Governor of Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>Forced the natives to work in the mines and to construct fortifications </li></ul><ul><li>Natives died in great numbers after exposure to the European diseases the sailors brought with them, to which they had no immunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Married a Spanish woman named Leonore and had two daughters and one son. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Spanish – De Soto <ul><li>De Soto led the largest expedition of both the 15th century and the 16th century through the Southeastern United States and the Midwestern United States </li></ul><ul><li>Searching for gold and a passage to China to spend Spain's New World riches. </li></ul><ul><li>Died on the banks of the Mississippi River at present-day Lake Village, Arkansas. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Spanish –De Coronado <ul><li>De Coronado came all the way into Kansas not far from Wichita </li></ul><ul><li>There is a large hill near Lindsborg that is called Coronado Heights. The former owner of the land built a small castle at the lofty summit to commemorate him. </li></ul>
  14. 15. John Cabot - Italian <ul><li>Giovanni Caboto known in English as John Cabot , and in French as Jean Cabot , </li></ul><ul><li>Was a Genoese navigator and explorer commonly credited as one of the first early modern Europeans to land on the North American mainland </li></ul>
  15. 16. Christopher Columbus - Italian <ul><li>Christopher Columbus was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas </li></ul>
  16. 17. Henry Hudson - Dutch <ul><li>Was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century </li></ul>
  17. 18. Verrazano - French <ul><li>An Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown. </li></ul><ul><li>He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South Carolina and Newfoundland </li></ul>
  18. 19. Cartier - French <ul><li>Was a French navigator who first explored and described the Gulf of St-Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named Canada </li></ul>
  19. 20. De Champlain - French <ul><li>T he &quot;father of New France,“ </li></ul><ul><li>A sailor </li></ul><ul><li>A respected navigator </li></ul><ul><li>A mapmaker </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Quebec City </li></ul><ul><li>Was also integral in opening North America up to French trade, especially the fur trade. </li></ul><ul><li>His influence is still felt in the presence of French Canadians in Quebec, where he did most of his exploring. </li></ul><ul><li>Champlain's pattern was to spend several months or years exploring North America and then to head back to France to raise more funds for further explorations. </li></ul>