Ancient egypt


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Ancient egypt

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt<br />
  2. 2. Location<br />Egypt was located in the Nile River Floodplain<br />Predictable flooding<br />Fertile farmland<br />Three Seasons of the Nile<br />Farming Season<br />Floodwaters disappear which left rich farmland<br />Harvest Season<br />Farmers harvest crops<br />Flood Season<br />No one could work because their farmland was flooded so they worked for the Pharaoh<br />Silt was deposited into the soil during the floods for the Farming Season<br />
  3. 3. Religion<br />Polytheistic<br />Pharaoh was divine<br />Egyptians belief in an afterlife led to mummification <br />“Book of the Dead” outlines requirements for afterlife<br />Pyramids represent importance of afterlife in Egyptian thought<br />
  4. 4. Government<br />Bureaucracy<br />Pharaoh a living god<br />Vizier chief administrator of Pharaoh’s government<br />Local nobility and priests administer government responsibilities<br />
  5. 5. Economics<br />Nile river = strong economy<br />Fertile farmland from silt deposits meant enough crops for the entire year<br />Surplus used for trade and to support the less fortunate<br />Season of flood meant farmers worked for Pharaoh<br />Middle Kingdom began to become a world trade power<br />
  6. 6. Old Kingdom EgyptThe Pyramid Age2600 BC – 2150 BC<br />2600 BC<br />1st Pyramid Building<br />Tombs of Pharoahs<br />2500 BC<br />Great Pyramids & Sphinx constructed at Giza<br />Hieroglyphics standardized<br />2100 BC <br />Regional nobles competed for control<br />Dynasty loses control<br />
  7. 7. Middle Kingdom EgyptWorld Trading Power2100 BC – 1700 BC<br />2000 BC <br />Egypt becomes an international power by reconquering Nubia and expanding trade routes<br />Foreigners called Hyksos from eastern Mediterranean settle in Egypt during good times<br />1500 BC<br />Hyksos eventually gain control of Lower Egypt<br />Native Egyptians still control Upper Egypt from Thebes<br />
  8. 8. New Kingdom Egypt The Age of Empire1550 BC – 1075 BC<br />1550 BC <br />Rulers from Thebes reassert control and drive out Hyksos<br />Expand borders of Egypt in military campaign designed to strengthen the empire<br />Take control of Nubia <br />1400 BC<br />Leading military power in the region<br />Many surrounding areas such as Nubia, Assyria, and Babylon had to pay gifts to Egypt<br />1320 Ramses II<br />Strong, warrior Pharaoh<br />
  9. 9. Ancient Egypt<br />Three Kingdoms<br />Old<br />Middle<br />New<br />
  10. 10. Accomplishments<br />Pyramids<br />Hieroglyphics<br />Papyrus<br />Medicine<br />Astronomy<br />Math<br />Literature<br />
  11. 11. Important People<br />Menes<br />Foundations<br />Hatshepsut<br />Trade<br />Akhenaton<br />Monotheism<br />Tutankhamun<br />Tomb<br />RamsesII<br />War / treaty<br />Exodus?<br />
  12. 12. Reasons for Decline<br />Old Kingdom<br />Disunity / greed of local nobles<br />Middle Kingdom<br />Hyksos<br />New Kingdom<br />Assyrians<br />