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Industrial Revolution in America part II
How do advances in agriculture lead
to an increase in Westward
Expansion?
Steel Plow: John Deere
• In 1837 John Deere invents the first steel plow in
Illinois
• The blade is polished so the clay in the western
soil will not stick to the blade
• Farming becomes easier in many parts of the
West during the period of expansion- farmers
who are in the west benefit from this new
technology- tilling the soil for planting becomes
easier
• Westward Expansion continues to increase
Mechanical Reaper:
Cyrus McCormick and others
• 1834- Replaces harvesting grain with hand tools
• McCormick buys the rights to some of his
competitors ideas and begins producing a model
that is successful in the west
• Crops could be cut far faster than before, and with
fewer farm hands to pay
• Displaced farm workers joined America's westward
expansion and contributed to the industrialization
of the U.S. economy
• More soldiers available for the Union war effort
McCormick Reaper
Reaping Machine 1833: Obed Hussey
How does the Cotton Gin affect Slavery and
Westward Expansion?
• The Cotton Gin makes it easier to “clean” the
seeds out of the harvested cotton
• Now that this time-consuming part of the process
is made cheaper, easier and quicker- more
enslaved people are forced to plant and harvest
cotton to keep up with the increasing demand
from factories in the North and in Europe
• 1. This technology breathes new life into the
slavery system of the U.S. : more slavery
• 2. This makes it cheaper to expand plantation
labor into the west: more slavery
Roller Gin
The Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney

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Industrial revolution part ii

  • 1. Industrial Revolution in America part II How do advances in agriculture lead to an increase in Westward Expansion?
  • 2.
  • 3. Steel Plow: John Deere • In 1837 John Deere invents the first steel plow in Illinois • The blade is polished so the clay in the western soil will not stick to the blade • Farming becomes easier in many parts of the West during the period of expansion- farmers who are in the west benefit from this new technology- tilling the soil for planting becomes easier • Westward Expansion continues to increase
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Mechanical Reaper: Cyrus McCormick and others • 1834- Replaces harvesting grain with hand tools • McCormick buys the rights to some of his competitors ideas and begins producing a model that is successful in the west • Crops could be cut far faster than before, and with fewer farm hands to pay • Displaced farm workers joined America's westward expansion and contributed to the industrialization of the U.S. economy • More soldiers available for the Union war effort
  • 8.
  • 10. Reaping Machine 1833: Obed Hussey
  • 11. How does the Cotton Gin affect Slavery and Westward Expansion? • The Cotton Gin makes it easier to “clean” the seeds out of the harvested cotton • Now that this time-consuming part of the process is made cheaper, easier and quicker- more enslaved people are forced to plant and harvest cotton to keep up with the increasing demand from factories in the North and in Europe • 1. This technology breathes new life into the slavery system of the U.S. : more slavery • 2. This makes it cheaper to expand plantation labor into the west: more slavery
  • 13. The Cotton Gin: Eli Whitney