Why did they cometo North America? European Competition in North America
The Race to Explore North AmericaOther European countries wanted what Spain had sothey decided to start exploring the Americas too.The Spanish explorers wanted to ﬁnd a NativeAmerican civilization in North America that was as richas the ones they found in South and Central America.
Why was Spain in 1st place for so long? While Spain was getting rich in the Americas... Other countries were trying to ﬁnd water routes to China and India through the Americas Other countries were exploring the Northwest Passage and other routes to Asia to ﬁnd ways around the Americas
Spain Responds to Competition The French and the English try to claim parts of North America, which makes Spain mad because they were given that land under the Treaty of Tordesi#as. (remember the Line of Demarcation drawn by the Pope) This caused a lot of religious tension and violence because everyone wanted the same land and riches The Spanish and the French fought over Florida.
Treaty of Tordesillas andthe Line of Demarcation
Spain and England ClashQueen Elizabeth I of England sent “sea dogs” to raidSpanish ships and steal their gold and silver they werebringing back &om the AmericasSir Francis Drake=famous English sea dogSpanish sent the Spanish Armada to conquer Englandand restore Catholicism (England was Protestant)because they were tired of being robbed by the English
England Defeats SpainEngland and Spain met in the English Channel anddecided to square oﬀThe sma"er and faster English ships crushed thelarge Spanish navy and forced them to retreat
4 Eﬀects of English Defeating Spain1. English remained Protestant (not Catholic)2. England proved they could defend themselves3. The world saw that Spain could be beaten4. England began to move towards colonizing North America, but took a cautious approach