SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Age of exploration and isolation

M
mgdean

Age of exploration

1 of 64
Download to read offline
1400-1800 
Chapter 3
Section 1
Age of exploration and isolation
• Beginning in 1400’s, desire to explore called 3 
G’s (Gold, God, Glory) 
A. Other countries wanted trade controlled 
by Italy and Arabs for three centuries 
• Spices most valued item 
• Quicker route to Asia meant they could take 
out middleman (Arabs, Italians) 
B. New technology – compass, faster ships, 
astrolabe, better mapmaking skills made 
traveling by ship easier, safer 
• Most new technology came from Muslims and 
Chinese 
C. Sparked by Renaissance curiosity and 
sense of adventure 
D. Desire to spread Christianity 
• Europeans saw this as their sacred duty to 
convert others
Portugal Leads the Way 
A. Leader in developing and applying new sailing technology 
B. Had strong government support led by Prince Henry (Henry 
the Navigator) 
C. 1419 Henry established a sailing school for sailors, ship 
makers, navigators to perfect their trade 
• By 1460 Portugal was the first country to establish trading 
outposts along the coast of Africa and push into the Indian 
Ocean 
• Traded Africans European goods for gold and ivory
• Portuguese needed to reach Asia 
by sea and had to sail around the 
southern tip of Africa 
• 1488 Bartolomeu Dias reached 
the Cape of Good Hope and 
explored the southeast coast of 
Africa 
• 1497 Vasco da Gama sailed to 
Calicut, India and returned to 
Portugal with silk, spices and 
gems that was worth 60 times 
more than the cost of the voyage 
• His voyage gave Portugal a 
direct sea route to Asia

Recommended

The Atlantic World, 1492—1800
The Atlantic World, 1492—1800The Atlantic World, 1492—1800
The Atlantic World, 1492—1800mlm72
 
24.1 latin american peoples win independence
24.1 latin american peoples win independence24.1 latin american peoples win independence
24.1 latin american peoples win independenceBrighton Alternative
 
The Age of Exploration (all)
The Age of Exploration (all)The Age of Exploration (all)
The Age of Exploration (all)Lisa Smith
 
Age of exploration
Age of explorationAge of exploration
Age of explorationKyle Davoust
 
Revolution and Enlightenment
Revolution and EnlightenmentRevolution and Enlightenment
Revolution and EnlightenmentAaron Carn
 
Glorious revolution
Glorious revolutionGlorious revolution
Glorious revolutionshackkyl
 
Age of exploration
Age of explorationAge of exploration
Age of explorationochoa1jf
 
The atlantic revolutions and their echoes
The atlantic revolutions and their echoesThe atlantic revolutions and their echoes
The atlantic revolutions and their echoesColleen Skadl
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Hogan's History- Age of Exploration & Discovery
Hogan's History- Age of Exploration & DiscoveryHogan's History- Age of Exploration & Discovery
Hogan's History- Age of Exploration & DiscoveryWilliam Hogan
 
Age of exploration slideshare
Age of exploration slideshareAge of exploration slideshare
Age of exploration slideshareMrKenny223
 
Absolutism and revolution
Absolutism and revolutionAbsolutism and revolution
Absolutism and revolutionmgdean
 
The Atlantic World, 1492-1800
The Atlantic World, 1492-1800The Atlantic World, 1492-1800
The Atlantic World, 1492-1800Daisy Baniaga
 
French and American Revolutions
French and American RevolutionsFrench and American Revolutions
French and American RevolutionsDan McDowell
 
European exploration
European explorationEuropean exploration
European explorationabarnett06
 
The atlantic slave trade
The atlantic slave tradeThe atlantic slave trade
The atlantic slave trademdjanes75
 
World History Ch. 20 Section 1 Notes
World History Ch. 20 Section 1 NotesWorld History Ch. 20 Section 1 Notes
World History Ch. 20 Section 1 Notesskorbar7
 
3.1 europeans explore the east
3.1 europeans explore the east3.1 europeans explore the east
3.1 europeans explore the eastlesah2o
 
What were the causes of the french revolution?
What were the causes of the french revolution?What were the causes of the french revolution?
What were the causes of the french revolution?Reynolds Secondary School
 
21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism
21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism
21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutismBrighton Alternative
 
The Age of Discovery
The Age of DiscoveryThe Age of Discovery
The Age of Discoverypapefons Fons
 
19.1 europeans explore the east
19.1 europeans explore the east19.1 europeans explore the east
19.1 europeans explore the eastEdgar Huff
 
European exploration
European explorationEuropean exploration
European explorationchrisallie93
 
Atlantic slave trade
Atlantic slave tradeAtlantic slave trade
Atlantic slave tradeloganmw
 
The Scientific Revolution
The Scientific RevolutionThe Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolutiontkester
 

What's hot (20)

Hogan's History- Age of Exploration & Discovery
Hogan's History- Age of Exploration & DiscoveryHogan's History- Age of Exploration & Discovery
Hogan's History- Age of Exploration & Discovery
 
The Age of Exploration
The Age of ExplorationThe Age of Exploration
The Age of Exploration
 
Age of exploration slideshare
Age of exploration slideshareAge of exploration slideshare
Age of exploration slideshare
 
Absolutism and revolution
Absolutism and revolutionAbsolutism and revolution
Absolutism and revolution
 
The Atlantic World, 1492-1800
The Atlantic World, 1492-1800The Atlantic World, 1492-1800
The Atlantic World, 1492-1800
 
French and American Revolutions
French and American RevolutionsFrench and American Revolutions
French and American Revolutions
 
European exploration
European explorationEuropean exploration
European exploration
 
The atlantic slave trade
The atlantic slave tradeThe atlantic slave trade
The atlantic slave trade
 
Conquistadors
ConquistadorsConquistadors
Conquistadors
 
The age of imperialism
The age of imperialismThe age of imperialism
The age of imperialism
 
World History Ch. 20 Section 1 Notes
World History Ch. 20 Section 1 NotesWorld History Ch. 20 Section 1 Notes
World History Ch. 20 Section 1 Notes
 
3.1 europeans explore the east
3.1 europeans explore the east3.1 europeans explore the east
3.1 europeans explore the east
 
What were the causes of the french revolution?
What were the causes of the french revolution?What were the causes of the french revolution?
What were the causes of the french revolution?
 
21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism
21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism
21 1 spain’s empire and european absolutism
 
The Age of Discovery
The Age of DiscoveryThe Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery
 
19.1 europeans explore the east
19.1 europeans explore the east19.1 europeans explore the east
19.1 europeans explore the east
 
Feudalism
FeudalismFeudalism
Feudalism
 
European exploration
European explorationEuropean exploration
European exploration
 
Atlantic slave trade
Atlantic slave tradeAtlantic slave trade
Atlantic slave trade
 
The Scientific Revolution
The Scientific RevolutionThe Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolution
 

Viewers also liked

Introduction: Ming China
Introduction: Ming ChinaIntroduction: Ming China
Introduction: Ming ChinaNjabulo Prince
 
19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)
19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)
19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)Edgar Huff
 
Europeans Explore The East
Europeans Explore The EastEuropeans Explore The East
Europeans Explore The Eastguestfa16e2
 
Age of European Exploration and Asian Isolation
Age of European Exploration and Asian IsolationAge of European Exploration and Asian Isolation
Age of European Exploration and Asian IsolationGreg Lehr
 
19.1 - Europeans Explore The East
19.1 - Europeans Explore The East19.1 - Europeans Explore The East
19.1 - Europeans Explore The EastDan Ewert
 
Themes context: The Tempest
Themes context: The TempestThemes context: The Tempest
Themes context: The TempestEmma Sinclair
 

Viewers also liked (6)

Introduction: Ming China
Introduction: Ming ChinaIntroduction: Ming China
Introduction: Ming China
 
19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)
19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)
19.1 europeans explore the east (1st period)
 
Europeans Explore The East
Europeans Explore The EastEuropeans Explore The East
Europeans Explore The East
 
Age of European Exploration and Asian Isolation
Age of European Exploration and Asian IsolationAge of European Exploration and Asian Isolation
Age of European Exploration and Asian Isolation
 
19.1 - Europeans Explore The East
19.1 - Europeans Explore The East19.1 - Europeans Explore The East
19.1 - Europeans Explore The East
 
Themes context: The Tempest
Themes context: The TempestThemes context: The Tempest
Themes context: The Tempest
 

Similar to Age of exploration and isolation

Ch 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptx
Ch 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptxCh 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptx
Ch 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptxSorayaAdliEbrahim
 
Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2
Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2
Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2mamagilmore
 
East asian world 1400 to 1800
East asian world 1400 to  1800East asian world 1400 to  1800
East asian world 1400 to 1800Kimberly McClain
 
Imperialism and industrialization in japan and china
Imperialism and industrialization in japan and chinaImperialism and industrialization in japan and china
Imperialism and industrialization in japan and chinamgdean
 
Imperialism hansen2
Imperialism hansen2Imperialism hansen2
Imperialism hansen2altgilbers
 
The World of the 15th Century Part 2
The World of the 15th Century Part 2The World of the 15th Century Part 2
The World of the 15th Century Part 2Colleen Skadl
 
An age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) upload
An age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) uploadAn age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) upload
An age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) uploadholy_rat
 
American Colonial empires
American Colonial empiresAmerican Colonial empires
American Colonial empiresChacha Bizarre
 
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)Drew Burks
 
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave TradeDrew Burks
 
Chapter 14
Chapter 14Chapter 14
Chapter 14dlodolo
 

Similar to Age of exploration and isolation (20)

Global commerce ppt
Global commerce pptGlobal commerce ppt
Global commerce ppt
 
Ch 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptx
Ch 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptxCh 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptx
Ch 3 An Age of Exploration ppt.pptx
 
Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2
Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2
Causes of european exploration and colonization 2013 14-2
 
East asian world 1400 to 1800
East asian world 1400 to  1800East asian world 1400 to  1800
East asian world 1400 to 1800
 
Imperialism and industrialization in japan and china
Imperialism and industrialization in japan and chinaImperialism and industrialization in japan and china
Imperialism and industrialization in japan and china
 
Worlds3 lect ch13
Worlds3 lect ch13Worlds3 lect ch13
Worlds3 lect ch13
 
Imperialism hansen2
Imperialism hansen2Imperialism hansen2
Imperialism hansen2
 
The World of the 15th Century Part 2
The World of the 15th Century Part 2The World of the 15th Century Part 2
The World of the 15th Century Part 2
 
Colonialism
ColonialismColonialism
Colonialism
 
An age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) upload
An age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) uploadAn age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) upload
An age of explorations and isolation (1400 1800) upload
 
The Portuguese Empire
The Portuguese EmpireThe Portuguese Empire
The Portuguese Empire
 
East imperialism
East imperialismEast imperialism
East imperialism
 
American Colonial empires
American Colonial empiresAmerican Colonial empires
American Colonial empires
 
Imperial Portugal
Imperial PortugalImperial Portugal
Imperial Portugal
 
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade (revised)
 
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade
1312 Africa 1400 to 1800 and the Slave Trade
 
Chapter 14
Chapter 14Chapter 14
Chapter 14
 
7 A Global Economy
7 A Global Economy7 A Global Economy
7 A Global Economy
 
Exploration and expansion
Exploration and expansionExploration and expansion
Exploration and expansion
 
Lection 3
Lection 3Lection 3
Lection 3
 

More from mgdean

Africa
AfricaAfrica
Africamgdean
 
North africa and southwest asia
North africa and southwest asiaNorth africa and southwest asia
North africa and southwest asiamgdean
 
Europe
EuropeEurope
Europemgdean
 
American revolution
American revolutionAmerican revolution
American revolutionmgdean
 
Physical geography
Physical geographyPhysical geography
Physical geographymgdean
 
Physical geography
Physical geographyPhysical geography
Physical geographymgdean
 
Period one new (2)
Period one new (2)Period one new (2)
Period one new (2)mgdean
 
15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...
15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...
15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...mgdean
 
World war i
World war iWorld war i
World war imgdean
 
The age of_imperialism (1)
The age of_imperialism (1)The age of_imperialism (1)
The age of_imperialism (1)mgdean
 
Industrialization
IndustrializationIndustrialization
Industrializationmgdean
 
Period 7
Period 7Period 7
Period 7mgdean
 
Industrialization
IndustrializationIndustrialization
Industrializationmgdean
 
Period 6 text
Period 6 textPeriod 6 text
Period 6 textmgdean
 
Period 6 text
Period 6 textPeriod 6 text
Period 6 textmgdean
 
Period 6 text
Period 6 textPeriod 6 text
Period 6 textmgdean
 
The french revolution and napoleon
The french revolution and napoleonThe french revolution and napoleon
The french revolution and napoleonmgdean
 
Enlightenment and scientific revolution short
Enlightenment and  scientific revolution shortEnlightenment and  scientific revolution short
Enlightenment and scientific revolution shortmgdean
 
Period 5 textbook
Period 5 textbookPeriod 5 textbook
Period 5 textbookmgdean
 
The president and_the_executive_branch
The president and_the_executive_branchThe president and_the_executive_branch
The president and_the_executive_branchmgdean
 

More from mgdean (20)

Africa
AfricaAfrica
Africa
 
North africa and southwest asia
North africa and southwest asiaNorth africa and southwest asia
North africa and southwest asia
 
Europe
EuropeEurope
Europe
 
American revolution
American revolutionAmerican revolution
American revolution
 
Physical geography
Physical geographyPhysical geography
Physical geography
 
Physical geography
Physical geographyPhysical geography
Physical geography
 
Period one new (2)
Period one new (2)Period one new (2)
Period one new (2)
 
15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...
15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...
15u8jcpkrcg8vxedaodm signature-1fd90d8ab33a81db052452b59d7728e50410943a55b4d2...
 
World war i
World war iWorld war i
World war i
 
The age of_imperialism (1)
The age of_imperialism (1)The age of_imperialism (1)
The age of_imperialism (1)
 
Industrialization
IndustrializationIndustrialization
Industrialization
 
Period 7
Period 7Period 7
Period 7
 
Industrialization
IndustrializationIndustrialization
Industrialization
 
Period 6 text
Period 6 textPeriod 6 text
Period 6 text
 
Period 6 text
Period 6 textPeriod 6 text
Period 6 text
 
Period 6 text
Period 6 textPeriod 6 text
Period 6 text
 
The french revolution and napoleon
The french revolution and napoleonThe french revolution and napoleon
The french revolution and napoleon
 
Enlightenment and scientific revolution short
Enlightenment and  scientific revolution shortEnlightenment and  scientific revolution short
Enlightenment and scientific revolution short
 
Period 5 textbook
Period 5 textbookPeriod 5 textbook
Period 5 textbook
 
The president and_the_executive_branch
The president and_the_executive_branchThe president and_the_executive_branch
The president and_the_executive_branch
 

Recently uploaded

ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxMaria Lucia Céspedes
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfspring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfKonstantina Koutsodimou
 
Personal Branding Exploration- Anny Love
Personal Branding Exploration- Anny LovePersonal Branding Exploration- Anny Love
Personal Branding Exploration- Anny Loveaslove5
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdfAynouraHamidova
 
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSDr.M.Geethavani
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxMennat Allah Alkaram
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...MohonDas
 
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptxBBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptxProf. Kanchan Kumari
 
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYSOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYGloriaRamos83
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaFaheema Hasan
 
Persuasive Speaking and Means of Persuasion
Persuasive Speaking and Means of PersuasionPersuasive Speaking and Means of Persuasion
Persuasive Speaking and Means of PersuasionCorinne Weisgerber
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdfAynouraHamidova
 
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...AKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...EduSkills OECD
 
New Features in the Odoo 17 Sales Module
New Features in  the Odoo 17 Sales ModuleNew Features in  the Odoo 17 Sales Module
New Features in the Odoo 17 Sales ModuleCeline George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
 
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfspring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
 
Personal Branding Exploration- Anny Love
Personal Branding Exploration- Anny LovePersonal Branding Exploration- Anny Love
Personal Branding Exploration- Anny Love
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 1-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
 
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
 
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
 
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptxBBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
 
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
 
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYSOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
 
Persuasive Speaking and Means of Persuasion
Persuasive Speaking and Means of PersuasionPersuasive Speaking and Means of Persuasion
Persuasive Speaking and Means of Persuasion
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 2-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
 
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
 
New Features in the Odoo 17 Sales Module
New Features in  the Odoo 17 Sales ModuleNew Features in  the Odoo 17 Sales Module
New Features in the Odoo 17 Sales Module
 

Age of exploration and isolation

  • 4. • Beginning in 1400’s, desire to explore called 3 G’s (Gold, God, Glory) A. Other countries wanted trade controlled by Italy and Arabs for three centuries • Spices most valued item • Quicker route to Asia meant they could take out middleman (Arabs, Italians) B. New technology – compass, faster ships, astrolabe, better mapmaking skills made traveling by ship easier, safer • Most new technology came from Muslims and Chinese C. Sparked by Renaissance curiosity and sense of adventure D. Desire to spread Christianity • Europeans saw this as their sacred duty to convert others
  • 5. Portugal Leads the Way A. Leader in developing and applying new sailing technology B. Had strong government support led by Prince Henry (Henry the Navigator) C. 1419 Henry established a sailing school for sailors, ship makers, navigators to perfect their trade • By 1460 Portugal was the first country to establish trading outposts along the coast of Africa and push into the Indian Ocean • Traded Africans European goods for gold and ivory
  • 6. • Portuguese needed to reach Asia by sea and had to sail around the southern tip of Africa • 1488 Bartolomeu Dias reached the Cape of Good Hope and explored the southeast coast of Africa • 1497 Vasco da Gama sailed to Calicut, India and returned to Portugal with silk, spices and gems that was worth 60 times more than the cost of the voyage • His voyage gave Portugal a direct sea route to Asia
  • 7. • Spain Also Makes Claims • 1492 Spain sent Christopher Columbus to find a route to Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic • Columbus thought he reached the Indies, really opened the way for European colonization of the Americas • Immediate impact was that it increased tension between Spain and Portugal
  • 8. • 1494- Treaty of Tordesillas Pope stepped in to keep peace between two countries • Line drawn from North to south across globe dividing eastern and western hemispheres • Portugal gets everything east of Line of Demarcation • Spain given all lands west of Line of Demarcation
  • 9. • Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean • Portugal took control of the spice trade from Muslim merchants after da Gama’s voyage 1. 1509 extended control over region by defeating Mughal navy off the coast of India 2. 1510 Portuguese capture port city of Goa, India; it became center of their trading empire 3. 1511 Portuguese seize control of Strait of Malacca, gave them control of the spice Islands • Portugal began to break the Muslim domination of Eastern trade • Brought back goods at 20% of the prices charged by Arab and Italian traders • More Europeans could afford items
  • 10. • Success of Portugal attracted other European countries • 1521 Spain claimed Philippine Islands Dutch Traders • Around 1600 the Dutch and English became a sea powers • English and Dutch began to take away Portuguese power • Each country formed an East India Company • Each company had power to print money, make treaties and raise armies • Dutch East India Company most powerful in region • 1619 Dutch establish trading post in Java and took Straits of Malacca and Spice Islands from Portugal • Dutch began to expand across the region and their capital in Europe, Amsterdam became a leading commercial center • By 1700 Dutch controlled most trade in Indian Ocean
  • 12. British and French Traders • By 1700 English and French began to gain a foothold in region • English focused on India and developed a successful business in the cloth trade (established British East India Company) • France tried to establish a foothold in India but was not as successful • European countries took control of port cities but their influence did not extend beyond the ports • Their influence was not felt by most people in Asia
  • 14.  China was the dominant power in Asia and Europeans wanted to trade with them Ming Dynasty  1368-1644 Ming Dynasty ruled China  Korea and Southeast Asia paid tribute (payment by one group to another to show submission) to Ming emperors, China expected Europeans to do the same  Hongwu was the first Ming emperor after he defeated the Mongols in 1368 A. Reformed agriculture by increasing rice production, encouraged growing cash crops (cotton, sugarcane) and encouraged fish farming B. Encouraged a return to Confucian traditions and moral standards C. Improved government by returning to a merit based government system  When problems developed Hongwu became a ruthless tyrant executing all of his enemies
  • 15. • After death of Hongwu his son Yonglo took over • He moved royal court to Beijing (built the Forbidden City) • Also had a curiosity of the outside world • 1405 began seven voyages of exploration and trade under commander Zeng He • Expeditions traveled long distances, many ships, many people and huge ships • Trips were used to show Chinese superiority, because of voyages 16 countries sent tribute to China • Chinese officials complained that voyages wasted money and after 1433 China began a period of isolation
  • 17. • Trade policies of 1500’s reflected isolation • To keep influence of outsiders to a minimum • Only the government could conduct trade through 3 ports- Canton, Macao and Ningbo • European demand for goods led to smuggling • Helped improve economy of China- led to increase in manufacturing of ceramics and silk making • Commerce and manufacturing seen as lower class jobs and not held in high regard in China, kept China from industrializing • Government supported agriculture • Taxes were low on agriculture and high on manufacturing
  • 18. Qing Dynasty • By 1600 Ming rule began to weaken, government corruption, civil strife, famine and high taxes led to rebellion • 1644 Manchus from northeast China seized power and ruled until 1900 • People resisted rule by non-Chinese Manchus 1. Kept order by keeping traditional social structure and restoring Chinese prosperity 2. Expanded China into Taiwan, Central Asia, Mongolia and Tibet 3. Lowered taxes and reduced government expenses 4. Welcomed Jesuits into royal court to learn about European life 5. Kept policy of isolation from foreign trade
  • 19. • Foreign countries that wished to trade with China had to trade only in special ports and pay tribute • The Dutch accepted the Chinese restrictions and the Chinese accepted the Dutch as trading partners • The Dutch brought silks, porcelain, and tea • By 1800 tea made up 80% of shipments from China to Europe • The British refused to follow the Chinese trade restrictions • China rejected their offers by sending a letter to the king of England that they did not need the British
  • 20. • 1600s and 1700s were a time of peace and prosperity in China and the lives improved for most Chinese people Most Chinese were farmers and under the Qing irrigation and the use of fertilizer increased Also new crops from the were introduced by European traders (corn, sweet potatoes) Food production increased and the population exploded • Chinese families favored sons over daughters • Sons were in charge of religious rituals, and raised their own families in their parents homes • As their parents grew older they help them farm • Females were not as valued but they did have the responsibilities of children’s education and managing family finances
  • 22. • 1300’s Japanese unity was shattered by warring shoguns • By 1467 the country was separated into hundreds of separate domains • 1467-1568 known as period of “warring states” • Samurai took control of feudal states and offered peasants protection for their loyalty • Warrior chieftains known as daimyo and used samurai as warriors • Emperor in Kyoto was just a figurehead with no power • Daimyo lived in fortresses and fought each other for control of land
  • 23. • Many daimyo tried to seize and control power • Oda Nobunga –was the first to use soldiers with muskets to defeat rival samurai (1575) • Toyotomi Hideyoshi- took control and tried to conquer Korea, when he died the troops returned to Japan (1590) • 1600 Tonkugawa Ieyasu takes control of country by defeating his rivals and earning the loyalty of other daimyo • He moved the capital to Edo (Tokyo) • Kept daimyo tamed and helped centralize power in Japan • To keep daimyo in check he made them live in the capital every other year and when they were gone they had to leave their families behind as hostages, had them help build his castle in Edo • Founded Tokugawa Shogunate that held power until 1867
  • 24. • Japan enjoyed over 250 years of stability under Tokugawa shoguns • Farmers produced more food and population rose, even though they lived lives of misery Society was very structured a. Ruler was shogun and supreme military commander b. Below him was the landholding daimyo who controlled samurai warriors c. Artisans and peasants were next with merchants at the bottom • 4/5 of society were peasants • Merchants became more important as the economy expanded • Confucian ideas ruled society and the ideal citizen depended on agriculture not commerce • However the farmers paid the most in taxes, many abandoned land and moved to cities for economic opportunity • Mid 1700’s Japan shifted from a rural to an urban society • Edo was the largest city in the world
  • 25. • Contact Between Europe and Japan • Europeans began to arrive in the 1500’s • 1543 first Europeans were shipwrecked Portuguese sailors and merchants soon followed with clocks, tobacco, firearms • Japanese welcomed traders and missionaries 1. Europeans introduced new technologies and ideas 2. Japanese merchants eager to expand their markets welcomed Europeans 3. Daimyo welcomed traders for their guns to gain an advantage over their rivals • Guns changed the tradition of the Japanese warrior whose principal weapon was the sword • Cannons changed the way castles were built • Fortified castles attracted merchants and artisans and caused the growth of towns across Japan
  • 26. • 1549 first missionaries came to Japan • Catholic Jesuits, Franciscans and Dominican missionaries came to convert the Japanese • By 1600 they had converted over 300,000 Japanese • Missionaries teachings went against traditional Japanese beliefs and by 1612 Christianity was banned and Tokugawa Shoguns focused on ridding the country of them • 1637 situation came to a head after rebellion led by Christians • All Christian missionaries were kicked out of China and all Japanese had to demonstrate faithfulness to some branch of Buddhism
  • 27. • Persecution just one part of attempt to control foreign ideas • Shoguns did not like the introduction of European ways, but they wanted European trade • 1639 Japan sealed the borders of the country except one port, Nagasaki (a man made island in the harbor) • Only Dutch and Chinese were allowed to trade there • Tokugawa shogunate had a monopoly on all trade for over 200 years • During this time Japan remain basically closed to outsiders and Japanese were forbidden to leave • During this time Japan developed a self-sufficient country free from European intervention
  • 29. THE ATLANTIC WORLD Chapter 4
  • 30. Spain Builds and American Empire Section 1
  • 31. Spain Builds and American Empire  1492- seeking an alternate trade route to Asia Christopher Columbus “discovers” America and accidently brings together peoples of the Americas, Europe and Africa  Spain’s rulers financed three more trips with more men and ships and began to found colonies (lands controlled by another nation)  1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed modern day Brazil for Portugal  By the early 1500’s Europeans had figured out that the land was not Asia but a new continent  1519 Ferdinand Magellan sailed around the southern end of South America and across the Pacific (along the way claiming the Philippines for Spain)  In 1522 when they returned to Spain only 18 men and one ship were left, first voyage to circumnavigate the globe
  • 32. Spain Builds an American Empire  Spanish were first European explorers and settlers of the Americas  Made Spain a very wealthy country and their culture influenced the cultures of North and South America that exists today  Spanish explorers known as conquistadors came to the Americas to follow rumors of gold and silver, they stayed and carved out colonies in regions that would become Mexico, South America and the United States
  • 33. Spain Builds an American Empire Spanish Conquests in Mexico  1519 Hernando Cortes and 600 men landed in Mexico  They heard of wealthy Aztec empire and its capital Tenochtitlan  Cortes marched inland and was welcomed by the Aztec emperor Montezuma, who thought the Spaniards were gods  Aztecs soon figured out the intentions of Cortes and drove the Spaniards out of the capital  1521 Cortes and the Spaniards defeated the Aztecs even though they were greatly outnumbered  Reasons for Spanish victory a) Made allies with groups that did not like Aztecs b) Spanish had superior weapons c) Diseases like measles, smallpox, typhus; that the Native Americans had no natural immunity
  • 34. Effects of Old World Disease  Native Americans had no natural resistance to diseases that were common in Europe Asia and Africa  Killed up to 90% of Native American population across North and South America within the first 100 years of European contact  Made it easier for Europeans to conquer the Americas because Native American did not have the numbers to resist  Caused fear and confusion among native groups  When many European explorers reached new areas they found empty villages and towns
  • 35. Spain Builds an American Empire Spanish Conquest in Peru  1532- Francisco Pizarro takes army of 200 into the heart of the huge Incan empire in South America  They kidnap their ruler Atahualpa and demand a ransom of gold (even though the Inca had an army of 30,000), after they received their gold they strangled the Inca king  This demoralized the Inca people and the Spaniards quickly seized control of their empire
  • 36. Spain Builds an American Empire  By the middle of the 1500’s Spain had created a huge American empire  Drew from techniques learned during the reconquista (when the Spanish drove the Muslims from Spain)  Spanish imposed their culture on the people they conquered in the Americas  Most Spanish settlers were men so they had relationships with native women  Result of relationships was the creation of a mestizo (mixed Spanish and American) population  Spanish also forced native population to work for them  System called encomendia where the Indians farmed, ranched and mined for their Spanish landlords, often they were abused or mistreated
  • 37. Portuguese Empire in America  One area that remained outside of European influence was Brazil  Region was given to Portugal because of Treaty of Tordesillas and claimed by Brazil in 1500  Colonists settled coastal areas and built huge sugar plantations  The demand for sugar was great in Europe and made huge profits for Portugal
  • 38. Spain Builds an American Empire  Spain’s American colonies made it the richest and most powerful nation in the world during the 1500’s  Spain built a powerful navy and army to control and protect their empire  By the end of the 1500’s Spain pushed into what is now the US  1540-1541 Francisco Coronado explored the Southwest in search of a city of gold, did not find any  Catholic priests followed the conquistadors to convert natives  Priests used to explore and colonize North America  Catholic priests set up missions across the Southwest and California where towns grew up around them (Santa Fe, San Diego, San Francisco)
  • 39. Spain Builds an American Empire Opposition to Spanish Rule  Spanish priests pushed for better treatment of Native Americans  Criticized harsh treatment of native Americans under the encomendia system  1542 Spanish government ended encomendia system and began to use African slaves for labor  Native Americans began to resist Spanish colonizers as well  Spanish burned sacred Native American objects, banned Indian religious practices and built Catholic churches on top of Indian religious centers  1680 Pope, a Native American ruler led a rebellion against Spanish rule and pushed them back into New Spain  It took the Spanish 12 years to take the area
  • 40. Europeans Settle North America Section 2
  • 41. Europeans Settle North America  Other European nations wanted to obtain valuable colonies in the Americas  By the early 1500’s England, the Dutch and French began to obtain colonies in North America  Wanted to find a more direct route to Asia through fabled “Northwest Passage”  Countries did not find route but stayed and established
  • 42. Europeans Settle North America New France  French explorers discover what is today New York harbor, St. Lawrence River  1608- Samuel de Champlain took colonists and established Quebec the base of France’s New World empire, known as New France  1673 French explorers Marquette (priest) and Joliet (fur trade and trapper) explored the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River  1683 LaSalle another Frenchman claimed the entire
  • 43. Europeans Settle North America  By the early 1700’s New France covered much of what is now the Midwestern US and eastern Canada  Empire was immense but sparsely populated  Catholic priests came to convert Native Americans  The main economic activity was the fur trade not settlement and occupying territory
  • 44. Europeans Settle North America English Arrive in North America  1607 first permanent English settlement in Jamestown, Virginia  They came looking for gold  Life was hard 6 out of 10 colonists died of disease, hunger or Indian attack in the first few years  Outlook improved greatly after the “discovery” of tobacco as a cash crop
  • 45. Europeans Settle North America  1620 group known as Pilgrims settle a second English colony in Plymouth, Mass.  1630’s Puritans a second English group settled in Mass.  Both groups came for the religious freedom the colonies would provide  Both colonies grew rapidly because of the number of families that came to the colonies, unlike Jamestown that was settled by a mostly single, male population
  • 46. Europeans Settle North America The Dutch found New Netherland  Dutch founded colonies in region along the Hudson River and Manhattan Island (now known as New York)  Built trading posts and formed the Dutch West India Company  Colony in North America known as New Netherland  Opened to a variety of settlers Germans, French, Scandinavians Colonizing the Caribbean  On the islands of the Caribbean European countries built huge sugar and cotton plantations  Used African slaves for labor on plantations
  • 47. Europeans Settle North America The Struggle for North America  French, English and Dutch wanted to expand their colonies in North America and they battled each other for colonial supremacy  New Netherland separated England's colonies in North America  1664 drove the Dutch out and renamed colony New York England battles France  English wanted to push further west into continent and they were blocked by the French  1754 dispute over land claims in the Ohio Valley region led to a war between the two countries  Known in North America as the French and Indian War  It was part of a larger conflict called the Seven Year’s War that involved fighting in Europe, North America, the West Indies and India  1763 the British defeat the French and the French gave up their holdings in North America  Britain became the supreme power in North America
  • 48. Europeans Settle North America  European colonization brought disaster to Native Americans  French and Dutch had a cooperative relationship with Native Americans  Helped with fur trapping and traded furs for European items like guns, hatchets, mirrors, beads  English wanted to populate colonies and they clashed with Native Americans over issues of land and religion  Land: Wanted to push natives off their lands to build towns and grow crops  Religion: English considered natives as heathens and as a threat to their “godly” society
  • 49. Europeans Settle North America  Native American and English hostility grew  1622 Colonists in Jamestown and the Powhatan tribe fought  1675- One of the bloodiest colonial conflicts was known as King Philipp's War  Chief Metacom (King Philipp) tried to unite Native Americans against English settlers  After a year the colonists defeated the Indians and put an end to Native American resistance in the English colonies  More destructive than European guns was disease that devastated the population  One effect of the loss was a severe labor shortage across the colonies, so the colonists turned to another
  • 50. The Atlantic Slave Trade Section 3
  • 51. The Atlantic Slave Trade The Causes of African Slavery  Slavery had existed in Africa for centuries  Muslim societies took prisoners of war and made them slaves  In Muslim culture slaves had legal rights and could move up in society  Europeans needed a cheap labor source to replace Native Americans in their New World colonies, they turned to African slaves 1. Many had been exposed to Old World diseases and had developed an immunity 2. Africans had experience in farming Less likely to escape and easier to find
  • 52. The Atlantic Slave Trade  Atlantic Slave Trade developed over the next three centuries , turned into a massive enterprise  Over that time 9.5 million Africans had been sent to the Americas  Spanish imported Africans to their plantations and gold and silver mines  Portuguese imported over 40% of the slaves to the Americas  Used on their Brazilian sugar plantations
  • 53. The Atlantic Slave Trade  As Europeans established colonies their demand for cheap labor grew  From the late 1600’s to 1807 the English were the largest carriers of slaves to the New World  400,000 slaves were brought to Britain's North American colonies  African rulers cooperated with European slave traders  European traders waited in ports on the coast of Africa and waited for Africans to bring enslaved peoples to them  They were exchanged for gold, silver, guns and other manufactured goods  Some African rulers were opposed to this slave trade
  • 54. The Atlantic Slave Trade Triangular Trade Network  Africans slaves were part of a trade network that: A. Europeans transported manufactured goods to the African coast B. Africans were transported across the Atlantic to the Caribbean Islands, South America or the English colonies C. Merchants purchased goods (sugar, rice, tobacco, rum, coffee)for slaves and took them back to Europe to be sold
  • 55. The Atlantic Slave Trade  Voyage that brought slaves to the New World called the “middle passage”  Cruelty, sickness and death characterized journey  Slave traders packed Africans into ships  Almost 20% died on the trip across the ocean
  • 56. The Atlantic Slave Trade Slavery in the Americas  Slaves auctioned off to the highest bidder  Worked long days and sometimes suffered brutal treatment  Developed a way of life based on cultural heritage, kept alive music, stories and religion of ancestors  Slaves found ways to resist, did not work as hard or ran away or revolted
  • 57. The Atlantic Slave Trade  Had a profound impact on Americas and Africa Africa 1. Many African culture lost generations of their fittest members (young and able) to the slave trade 2. Families were torn apart 3. The slave trade introduced guns to the continent of Africa The Americas/ New World 1. Slave contributed to the growth of the Americas through their labor and their expertise in agriculture 2. They brought their culture (music, art, food, religion) and it became mixed with the cultures of the New World 3. Many nations today have mixed race populations and significant African- American populations
  • 58. The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade Section4
  • 59. The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade  Colonization of the Americas caused voluntary and involuntary migration of people and the introduction of goods from each continent  Exchange resulted in new business and trade practices in Europe  Columbian Exchange- global transfer of foods, plants and animals during the colonization of the Americas  Ships brought back items to Europe never seen before, many became food sources for the Europeans  Two most important were potatoes and corn  Both were inexpensive to grow and supplied nutrition  Both played a significant role in boosting the world’s population  Europeans introduced: livestock animals to the Americas (cows, sheep, pigs, horses), foods from Africa were introduced (bananas, peas, yams), grains from Europe (wheat, rice)  Disease was part of the Columbian exchange
  • 61. The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade Global Trade  Europe opened up the Atlantic world and caused a blending of three distinct cultures  New wealth and overseas trade led to new business practices  Growth of capitalism (an economic system based on private ownership and owned to make a profit)  No longer were governments the sole owners of great wealth  Many merchants gained wealth and used money to invest in other enterprises and businesses flourished  Increase in gold and silver from New World led to an increase in the money supply and things began to cost more for average Europeans
  • 62. The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade  Another type of business venture was the joint stock company  Investors purchased shares of stock in a company to combine wealth for a common purpose  During 1500 and 1600’s common purpose was to colonize the Americas  Took large amounts of money to establish and build colonies  Colonies were risky investments and if many people invested they only risked a small loss  A joint stock company was responsible for establishing Jamestown
  • 63. The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade The Growth of Mercantilism  Mercantilism was a new economic policy adopted by European countries at this time  Countries power depended on its wealth, allowed countries to purchase goods and develop strong navies for trade  Goal was to attain as much wealth as possible  Nation could increase its wealth in two ways:  Obtain as much gold and silver as possible  Establish a favorable balance of trade by selling more that they purchased  Ultimate goal was to not depend on other countries for goods so they had to establish colonies to provide what they did not have  Colonies also provided a market for good to be sold
  • 64. The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade Economic Revolution Changes European Society 1. Spurred the growth of towns 2. Led to the rise of a merchant class who controlled great wealth 3. Led to the creation of nations and helped expand the power of European monarchs 4. Majority of Europeans remained poor