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Transportation and the Industrial Revolution
• Focus Questions:
1. How did new inventions and changes in
transportation methods affect westward
expansion?
2. What were the advantages and
disadvantages of these methods of
transportation?
1. Transportation Improvements and Westward
Expansion
• Improvements in roads result in an increase in
westward movement
• The introduction of steam power to river travel results
in quicker upstream travel for passengers and gives
farmers a cheaper way to transport goods from rural
areas to urban markets
• The canal systems drop the price of shipping even
further and connects western farms with eastern cities
• As transportation becomes cheaper and more reliable,
populations in western territories increase and new
states are created
Corduroy Road
Lancaster Turnpike
The National Road
Flatboats
“Clermont”- Robert Fulton
Flat-bottomed steamboat
2. Comparing Three Transportation Methods
• Roads- More roads than canals and rivers, more
access to remote areas. Poor quality,
uncomfortable for travelers, expensive tolls,
blocked by rivers.
• Rivers- Swift downstream, flatboat travel and
swift upstream steamboat travel. Cheaper and
more comfortable than roads. Slow upstream
flatboat travel, dangerous steamboat travel.
• Canals- Access for farmers to port of New York,
linked western and eastern cities, spurred on
economic activity in U.S., difficult engineering
problems to solve- expensive to build.
The Erie Canal
Connecting New York with the West
Profile of the Erie Canal
Industrial Revolution part 1: Transportation
Industrial Revolution part 1: Transportation

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Industrial Revolution part 1: Transportation

  • 1. Transportation and the Industrial Revolution • Focus Questions: 1. How did new inventions and changes in transportation methods affect westward expansion? 2. What were the advantages and disadvantages of these methods of transportation?
  • 2. 1. Transportation Improvements and Westward Expansion • Improvements in roads result in an increase in westward movement • The introduction of steam power to river travel results in quicker upstream travel for passengers and gives farmers a cheaper way to transport goods from rural areas to urban markets • The canal systems drop the price of shipping even further and connects western farms with eastern cities • As transportation becomes cheaper and more reliable, populations in western territories increase and new states are created
  • 4.
  • 7.
  • 10.
  • 12.
  • 13. 2. Comparing Three Transportation Methods • Roads- More roads than canals and rivers, more access to remote areas. Poor quality, uncomfortable for travelers, expensive tolls, blocked by rivers. • Rivers- Swift downstream, flatboat travel and swift upstream steamboat travel. Cheaper and more comfortable than roads. Slow upstream flatboat travel, dangerous steamboat travel. • Canals- Access for farmers to port of New York, linked western and eastern cities, spurred on economic activity in U.S., difficult engineering problems to solve- expensive to build.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Connecting New York with the West
  • 19.
  • 20. Profile of the Erie Canal