[READING AND WRITING SKILLS] Text as a Discourse - Introduction
Introduction: Reading and Writing Skills
TEXT is made up of sentences.
DISCOURSE is the use of such sentences.
A text is made up of sentences having the
property of grammatical cohesion.
A discourse is made up of utterances having
the property of coherence.
Text analysis deals with cohesion.
Discourse analysis investigates coherence.
“Peter saw cows and pigs flying around his
TEXT is defined in terms of its being a physical
Meaning is not found in text.
DISCOURSE is viewed as a process.
Meaning is derived through the reader’s
interaction with the text --> discourse.
What is reading?
READING is a cognitive process of decoding
symbols to derive meaning from a text. It is
always an interaction between the text and the
We read to gain and share information and
ideas, whether for academic, personal, or