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Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
Qualitative research in Education
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Qualitative research in Education

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Transcript

  • 1. Qualitative Research
  • 2. What is Qualitative Research?  Quality of a particular activity (in detail)  Complete picture
  • 3. Outline  General Characteristics  Philosophical Assumptions  Steps in Qualitative Research  Approaches to Qualitative Research  Generalization in Qualitative Research
  • 4. What is Qualitative Research?  Quality of a particular activity (in detail)  Complete picture
  • 5. General Characteristics  The natural setting's data source  Whole phenomena  Data: mostly - form of words  Concerning of How?  Inductive analysis  Focusing on the subjects: perspectives  Flexible design
  • 6. Philosophical Assumptions  World-views or Paradigms − Positivism: Quantitative − Theoretical Framework: Qualitative  Postmodernism??
  • 7. Some Assumptions of Qualitative Researchers  Realities - multiple mental constructions  Alternative visions  Facts and values cannot be separated  Educational purpose  understanding of what things mean to others
  • 8. Postmodernism??  Postmodernists  Deny underlying structure: social behavior  Nonmathemetical languages – unverified  Truth – Product of history, power, and social interests
  • 9. Steps in Qualitative Research  Identify the phenomena – Foreshadowed problems  Identify the participants (purposive sample)  Generation of hypotheses/propositions  Data collection (description) – Observing/ interviewing  Data analysis: description  Interpretations and conclusions: continuously
  • 10. Approaches to Qualitative Research  Narrative research  Phenomenology  Grounded theory  Case studies  Ethnographic and historical research  Sampling in Qualitative research
  • 11. Narrative research  Biographical study – life experiences  Autobiography: the subject written  Life history: entire life  Oral history: surrounding people
  • 12. Phenomenology  Particular phenomenon – Ex: specific time and place
  • 13. Grounded theory  Focus to generate theory: grounded  Data: participants experienced the process  Process theory
  • 14. Case studies  Intrinsic case study − Understanding of individual  Instrumental case study − Understanding of case  Multiple (Collective) case study − Several case in same time
  • 15. Sampling in Qualitative research  Typical sampling: representative  Critical sampling: unusual  Homogenous sample  Extreme case sample: not general  Theoretical sample  Opportunistic sample: in arisen situation  Confirming sample: validate finding  Maximal variation sample: diversity of characteristics  Snowball sample: during the conduct of study
  • 16. Generalization in Qualitative Research  Images - prototype
  • 17. Ethical issues  Identities of subjects should be protected  Treat with respect  No harmful effects
  • 18. Recap about this!  Qualitative and Quantitative often are used together: mixed-methods studies  Depending on researcher focuses

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