6 - protocols proceduers and preoccupations of qualitative research ( Dr. Abdullah Al-Beraidi - Dr. Ibrahim Althonayan - Dr.Ramzi)

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محاضرة للدكتور إبراهيم الثنيان - الدكتور عبدالله البريدي و دكتور رمزي
( Dr. Abdullah Al-Beraidi - Dr. Ibrahim Althonayan - Dr.Ramzi)

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6 - protocols proceduers and preoccupations of qualitative research ( Dr. Abdullah Al-Beraidi - Dr. Ibrahim Althonayan - Dr.Ramzi)

  1. 2. <ul><li>For qualitative research, protocols and procedures are required to enable a successful study </li></ul><ul><li>In, Qualitative research design a phenomenon in its natural (real-life) setting is examined. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Researcher should take into consideration and cope with ‘real world’ events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualitative research exhibits a set of distinctive but constricting preoccupations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect epistemologically grounded beliefs about what constitutes acceptable knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For qualitative research, influenced by interpretivism </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretivism maintain three related stances: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretive understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic interactionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenomenology </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>In Qualitative research design, a phenomenon in its natural (real-life) setting is examined </li></ul><ul><li>A scientific research map </li></ul><ul><li>Action plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How data should be gathered? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Help in increasing consistency and focus in the data gathering process </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Acts as a data collection tool </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying the main touch points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying factors that are associated with main theme of the research problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying a portfolio of benefits, and barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying evaluation criteria </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Specify who/what need to be interviewed/observed </li></ul><ul><li>Identify appropriate data gathering research methods and establish line of inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a timetable </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and discuss supplementary framework procedures </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Seeing through the eyes of the people being studied </li></ul><ul><li>Description and the emphasis on context </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on process </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and limited structure </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts and theory grounded in data </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>In social sciences, people do attribute to the meaning of events in relation to their surrounding environment </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative researchers express commitment to viewing events and social world through the eyes of the people that they study </li></ul><ul><li>(capable of their own reflections on the social world) </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marshall (1984) describes her self as an “Interpreter ” rather than a “manipulator” of data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Concerned with people’s meanings rather than testing hypothesis’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Taking the position of people you are studying will raise the prospects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will be viewed differently from an outsider with less direct contact! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>qualitative research provides a great deal of descriptive details in reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned with explanation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often concerned with the understanding of political and economic interests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trivial details in qualitative studies are significant for the subject being studied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These details provide an account to the context of people’s behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hence, providing a thick description of setting, events and individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the importance of contextual understanding of social behaviour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviour, values ..etc must be understood in context. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Qualitative research view social life in terms of processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concern to show how events and patterns unfold over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong sense of change and flux </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Is a sequence of individual and collective events, actions and activities unfolding over time in context” [Pettigrew 1997] </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with ethnography method </li></ul><ul><li>In Structured and semi structured interviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection on the processes leading up to or following on from an event </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>No ‘prior contamination’ by rigid schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitizing concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Loosely structured approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigator does not require to develop highly specific questions in advance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexibility in change of direction </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Inductive approach of Qualitative research </li></ul><ul><li>Theory build up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theories and concepts arrive from the data collected </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Fluency الطلاقة </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to think of MANY ideas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>أي القدرة على إنتاج أكبر قدر ممكن من الأفكار والمعاني </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexibility المرونة </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to think of VARIED ideas. looking at things from different angles and perspectives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>أي القدرة على تغيير زوايا التفكير وإنتاج أفكار متنوعة </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elaboration الإفاضة </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to think of UNUSUAL ideas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>produce novel responses and ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The more ideas produced (Fluency), the greater the chance of having a novel idea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>أي القدرة على توليد أكبر قدر ممكن من التفاصيل حول فكرة معينة </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Originality الأصالة </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to ADD TO ideas to make them better. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enriching ideas by adding to, explaining or including more information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>أي القدرة على توليد أفكار غير مألوفة </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>In Qualitative research design, a phenomenon in its natural (real-life) setting is examined </li></ul><ul><li>A scientific research map (Action plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative Research Protocols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying touch points, factors, stakeholders, portfolio, and evaluation criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualitative research Procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>appropriate data gathering, timetable, and supplementary framework procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preoccupations of Qualitative Researchers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeing through the eyes, context, process, Flexibility and limited structure, and Concepts and theory grounded in data </li></ul></ul>

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