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Egypt: Summary of Geography & Environment, Economics, Government and Civics, Culture and Religion, SS STRANDS
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Egypt: Summary of Geography & Environment, Economics, Government and Civics, Culture and Religion, SS STRANDS

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  • 1. ANCIENT EGYPTNile River important water supply; flooded, bringing rich silt for Traded gold, papyrus along the Nile Riverfarmland. S: Nubia/KushCataract- small waterfalls on the Nile; where cities developed N: Mediterranean Sea borders Europe (Rome)“Black Land” Egyptians called Kemet (farmland) Hieroglyphs can record trade“Red Land” Desert on both sides of Egypt (precious metals, gems) (Rosetta Stone.. Shows cooperation between Greece & Egypt)Deserts on both sides protected Egypt -Division of Upper & Lower EgyptPyramids were built out of huge limestone blocks (5,500 lbs) -Narmer/ Menes Unites (Old Kingdom)Nile: transportation & trade -civil warsNubia/Kush to the South -King Menthutotep unites Egypt (Middle Kingdom) -Hyksos conquer Lower EgyptUpper Egypt (S) higher land -Ahmose unites Egypt (New Kingdom)Lower Egypt (N) delta -Ramses II; Syria stops them -Egypt declines after invasions from other powers Theocracy: the ruler is a god/ pharoahs- absolute power Polytheism worship many gods N-Lower Egypt Pharoah – was god/ protected people in afterlife too S- Upper Egypt (both had own rulers until Narmer/Menes united) Pyramids built as tomb to protect pharoah’s body; filled it with Dynasty: ruling family jewels, food, slaves, weapons Old Kingdom- Upper & Lower maintained ids but has same ruler Mummification -theocracy; Memphis (capital) Hieroglyphs- writing Middle Kingdom- Civil wars & rebellions until King Methutotep united Frontalism- art -Thebes (capital) RELIGION: Akhenaten changed main god from Amun to Aten New Kingdom- civil wars until Ahmose united -1st pharoah named Ramses II conquerer MIX OF RELGION & GOVERMENT