Architecture and Arts-Pyramids ~80 still stand today. Giza  Khufu/Cheops-Construction: ramps, levers, human labor-Sculpto...
Trade and Farming-Gov’t controls trade, no social mobility.-Women had rights and owned property  given todaughters-Egypt ...
Education and Religion-trained elite groups to be scribes  learned to write inhieroglyphics and record-GODS  local god l...
Math, Science, and Medicine-Calendar  based on movements of the moon, starsabove before annual flooding – 365 days a year...
OLD KINGDOM-2680 BC – 2180 BC-Menes/Namer – unites UE and LE. Creates a rulingdynasty and makes Memphis the 1st capital.-D...
MIDDLE KINGDOM-2050 BC  Egypt reunited by Mentuhotep.-Strong pharaoh makes Thebes 2nd capital.-Two national works project...
NEW KINGDOM-1570 BC - ~1080 BC-Egypt’s leaders drove out Hyksos by copying weapons “Cultural Diffusion”-Egypt united by l...
Egypt’s Decline-Ramses II – 1279 BC – 1213 BC “Ramses the Great”builds temples and monuments-Followed by weak rulers who c...
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Egypt go

  1. 1. Architecture and Arts-Pyramids ~80 still stand today. Giza  Khufu/Cheops-Construction: ramps, levers, human labor-Sculptors  statues of rulers and animals-Paintings show Egyptian way of life
  2. 2. Trade and Farming-Gov’t controls trade, no social mobility.-Women had rights and owned property  given todaughters-Egypt traded surplus food to other civilizations(wheat, barley, flax, cotton) Most of productionwent to pharaoh.-1st to trade with sea ships.-Caravans – groups of people and camels traveltogether for protection.
  3. 3. Education and Religion-trained elite groups to be scribes  learned to write inhieroglyphics and record-GODS  local god linked to animal Amon- Re (RA) – creator God, Sun God Osiris – judged people after death Isis – Osiris’ wife – Goddess of Nile River/Royal Throne-After life  persons heart weighed against a feather. Balanced eternal happiness Unbalanced  monster gets it, “Eater of the Dead”-Mummification  preserving the body
  4. 4. Math, Science, and Medicine-Calendar  based on movements of the moon, starsabove before annual flooding – 365 days a year.-Counted years by Pharaoh’s reign.-Math  number system based on ten. Fractions, wholenumbers.-Geometry  to build pyramids and rebuild fields afterfloods.-Treat illness and mummify dead. Magic spells, herbs,and medicines.
  5. 5. OLD KINGDOM-2680 BC – 2180 BC-Menes/Namer – unites UE and LE. Creates a rulingdynasty and makes Memphis the 1st capital.-Development in science and arts (sphinx,pyramids, and mummification)-Social Classes: Pharaoh, royal family, priests, scribes, gov’t officials Peasants, farmers, army, laborNoble class grows  power struggle betweennomarchs and with pharaoh  “internal strife”
  6. 6. MIDDLE KINGDOM-2050 BC  Egypt reunited by Mentuhotep.-Strong pharaoh makes Thebes 2nd capital.-Two national works projects: - drains Delta for farmland - connects Nile and Red Sea with canal-“Golden Age” – period of stability and prosperity-Hyksos – foreigners from western Asia cross the Sinai Peninsula and conquer Egypt with horse drawn chariots and bronze scimitars.- Hyksos rule Egypt for 100 years.
  7. 7. NEW KINGDOM-1570 BC - ~1080 BC-Egypt’s leaders drove out Hyksos by copying weapons “Cultural Diffusion”-Egypt united by long line of strong pharaohs. Gained land.-1530 BC – 1482 BC Hatshepsut – 1st female pharaoh. Keptboarders secure. Increased trade.-1482 BC – 1450 BC Thutmose III (stepson) – conquest andtrade, ruled at the height of Egypt’s power.-1380 BC – 1362 BC – Amenhotep IV – Believes only in RA.Attempts to make Egypt Monotheistic. Changes his name toAkhenaton.-Tutankhamen – King Tut. Dies at 19. Buried in “Valley of theKings” Changes Egypt back to Polytheism.
  8. 8. Egypt’s Decline-Ramses II – 1279 BC – 1213 BC “Ramses the Great”builds temples and monuments-Followed by weak rulers who could not keep offinvasion-~300 BC Egypt was ruled by outsiders.-Cleopatra – 1st century BC – tries to reunite Egypt andrule independently – fails-Egypt becomes province of Roman Empire.

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