Ancient Egypt The New Kingdom And The Third In


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Ancient Egypt The New Kingdom And The Third In

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt: The New Kingdom and the Third Intermediate Period By Lily Tagg, Samuel Law, Riley Lasda and Mark
  2. 2. Dates 1550 - 1069 b.c.e. 18th Dynasty- 1550-1292 b.c.e. 19th Dynasty- 1292-1185 b.c.e. 20th Dynasty- 1186-1069 b.c.e.
  3. 3. Geography -Centered around the Nile River -Expanded to territories in Syria- Palestine -Conquered territories in Nubia and Modern Day Turkey
  4. 4. Surrounding Peoples Nubia Hyskos Syria-Palestine Hittites - Civilization -Asiatic people -Ahmose -Mysterious -known as located to conquered the culture who had foreign rulers of civilizations South of Egypt conquered the Egypt along the Babylonians and -Influx of -Culturally eastern posed such a immigration to similar to Egypt from asia Mediterranean Egyptians serious threat minor lead to known today that Egypt was -At height of gradual as palestine forced to make Egyptian infiltration of expansion, peace treaties to hyskos avoid -Drove out by nubia was controlled as confrontation Pharaohs marking the far south as beginning of the the 4th new kingdom cataract of the Nile River
  5. 5. Relationship with Surrounding Peoples Hyskos Syria-Palestine Nubia Hittites
  6. 6. Government of the New Kingdom: -During the New Kingdom the -The ancient egyptians of ancient egyptians moved the new kingdom were their Capital to Thebes and then quite dominating and at the end of the era, to conquered many lands. Akenton. including nubia where some future pharaohs would come from. -Egypt was ruled by a theocratic supreme ruler called a Pharaoh. -Priests held a lot of power, advising the pharaoh.
  7. 7. New Kingdom Art - Hieroglyphs printed on papyrus: represented religious, political life and historical depictions - Pottery made from steatite & soapstone, often carved to show animals or dieties - Discovered coating pottery with enamel could preserve works better - Pottery resembling body parts (heart, lungs, kidneys) were buried in tombs with the dead, as well as stoneware cones engraved with name, office, etc of the deceased - Sculpture depicted famous pharohs, dieties in a timeless manner to show the figure's "ka" (eternal afterlife)
  8. 8. Book of the Dead Beginning during the New Kingdom, the dead were buried with the Book of the Dead to assist in the afterlife. The book comprised of writing and depictions of the afterlife. Stylistically, the paintings were very flat and showed only profile views of people and animals. Men were traditionally shown as having darker skin than women.
  9. 9. Amarna Art - Amarna art developed after the rule of Akhenaten and the 18th Dynasty. - Very different from other Egyptian art: showed movement, activity, and crowded areas - People depicted differently: more feminine (i.e. big hips) but still shown only in profile; women and men shown with the same skin tone - Sculpture placed emphasis on the chin & long necks
  10. 10. Architecture - used mainly mud blocks and stone - the prosperity of New Kingdom allowed investment in buildings, temples, & obelisks - pharaohs used engravings on temple walls as a form of propaganda to tell their versions of history - Ramesses II rebuilt, redecorated, or expanded almost all temples in Egypt during his rule - change from building pyramids to carving tombs into stone walls