4. Imperialism In Asia

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4. Imperialism In Asia

  1. 1. Imperialism in Asia <ul><li>Imperialism In Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewel of the English Crown </li></ul><ul><li>“A call to expel the British” reading </li></ul>
  2. 2. Imperialism in Asia
  3. 3. Russia <ul><li>History of conflict with nomadic tribes on the steppes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>belt of grassland that extends some 5,000 miles (8,000 kilometers) from Hungary in the west through Ukraine and Central Asia to Manchuria in the east. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Russia <ul><li>History of conflict with nomadic tribes on the steppes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>belt of grassland that extends some 5,000 miles (8,000 kilometers) from Hungary in the west through Ukraine and Central Asia to Manchuria in the east. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What factor ends this conflict for good? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Firearms become available to the Russians </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take over the lands of the nomads and turn them over to farmers </li></ul>
  5. 6. Western Powers Rule Southeast Asia
  6. 7. Southeast Asia <ul><li>Why did the Europeans show interest in this area of the world? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertile soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily restructured agricultural economy to include cash crops </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Southeast Asia <ul><li>Wealth generated in this area exported to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Europe provides peace, stability, and food </li></ul>
  8. 9. Siam Maintains Independence <ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Between British Burma and French Indochina </li></ul><ul><li>Siamese King used the feud between the two countries </li></ul><ul><li>King Mongkut </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernized Siam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal reform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government reorganization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ended Slavery </li></ul>
  9. 10. General Impacts <ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash crops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved communications and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Unification </li></ul><ul><li>Migration changes population characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clashing of culture and religion </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. India <ul><li>Why did Britain want a buffer zone for India? </li></ul>
  11. 12. India <ul><li>Britain takes advantage of turmoil in India and usurps control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>East India Company uses its own military to gain power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually most of India is controlled by Britain </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. India <ul><li>East India rules with little government interference in the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Sepoys- Indian soldiers employed by East India Company </li></ul>
  13. 14. British Interest in India <ul><li>Supplier of raw materials for industrial boom </li></ul><ul><li>300 million people to act as a market </li></ul><ul><li>“Jewel in the Crown” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most valuable of all colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic restrictions ensuring their supremacy </li></ul>
  14. 15. Rebellion <ul><li>Pockets of resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Believed Britain was also trying to convert population to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Racist views </li></ul>
  15. 16. Sepoy Rebellion <ul><li>Rumor that the cartridges for their new field rifles were sealed with pork and beef fat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since many of the soldiers were Hindu or Muslim and they had to bite off the caps, this would be against their religion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soldiers refused the new cartridges </li></ul>
  16. 17. Sepoy Rebellion <ul><li>Britain jailed the disobedient soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Rebel on May 10, 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>Capture the city of Delhi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread to Northern India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Took over a year for the East India Company to regain control </li></ul>
  17. 18. Sepoy Rebellion <ul><li>Failed because of inability of Indians to unite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim and Hindu leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain takes direct control after the rebellion to prevent future uprisings </li></ul>
  18. 19. Direct British Control <ul><li>Raj- British rule over India from 1757-1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided country into 11 provinces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honored all treaties with Princes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viceroy or Governor in control from Britain but still promised freedom and independence </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Indian Nationalism <ul><li>What is nationalism? </li></ul><ul><li>What could be some of the uniting forces in India? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resentment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common History </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Indian Nationalism <ul><li>Form organizations to lobby for self-rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian National Congress 1885 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim League 1906 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Angry over the partition of Bengal </li></ul>
  21. 22. Think Think Think <ul><li>Britain controlled many different colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare their governing strategies in Canada, the US, and India. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What were their common mistakes and strengths. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did they learn anything from experience? </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. “Call to Expel the British” <ul><li>PG 334 </li></ul><ul><li>Work in small groups to complete the analysis sheet and the questions </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to look up words… you may see them again </li></ul>

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