3. Eastern Front And The Treaty Of Versailles


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3. Eastern Front And The Treaty Of Versailles

  1. 1. Eastern Front and the Treaty of Versailles
  2. 2. The Eastern Front <ul><li>Along the German and Russian Border </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russians attack Austria and Germany in 1914 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russians do well at first but problems begin to arise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are going to be some issues that Russia faces while trying to win the war? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Eastern Front <ul><li>Russian Troubles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not industrialized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short on supply </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German Blockaded Baltic Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire control of straits from Mediterranean to Black Sea </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Eastern Front <ul><li>Battle of Tennenberg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German offensive against Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beat Russians into an all out retreat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30,000 Russians killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Munitions and horses captured </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Eastern Front <ul><li>Austrians with help from the Germans push back the Russians at a battle near Limanowa </li></ul><ul><li>In the next two weeks Austrians manage to push Russia entirely out of Austro-Hungarian territory </li></ul>
  6. 7. Conflict Spreads <ul><li>War spreads after initial conflict as more countries align themselves with a side </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan- Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Turks and Bulgaria- Central Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Battles spread outside of Europe </li></ul>
  7. 8. Conflict Spreads <ul><li>Allies set sights on the Dardanelles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by Ottoman Turks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply line to Constantinople </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. Conflict Spreads <ul><li>Allies set sights on the Dardanelles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by Ottoman Turks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply line to Constantinople </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Allies take it they can ship much needed supplies into Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very costly campaign (250,000 lives) and retreat </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. Conflict Spreads <ul><li>German Colonies also under attack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan takes German holdings in China and Pacific Islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England and France attack Germany’s four African Colonies and seize three </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colonists recruited for warfare </li></ul>
  10. 14. In 1917 the Germans decided to take what risk in the hopes of ending the war? <ul><li>Germans chose to place the blockade (knowing it would provoke Americans) to try and starve Britain before the US could mobilize and send troops into battle </li></ul>
  11. 15. What were some of the ties the United States had with the Allies? <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul>
  12. 16. Total War <ul><li>Governments place every resource into the war effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think back to the movie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What were some ways the United States did this? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rationing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies are limited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each person only allotted a certain amount to purchase </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. Russian Surprise <ul><li>Eastern Front still not going well </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allies not able to open supply lines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russian people near revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Czar steps down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interim government pledges to continue the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian Army refuses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russian withdraw from the war meant Germany only had to contend with the Western Front </li></ul>
  14. 18. Allied Victory <ul><li>Germany focuses their wrath on the Western Front and reaches within 40 miles of Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army and supplies are exhausted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allies launch a successful counterattack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>140,000 Fresh American troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 million more American troops added </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Allied Victory <ul><li>With the reinforcements from America, the allies force the German into retreating </li></ul><ul><li>Central Powers begin to deteriorate as Ottoman-Turks and Bulgarians begin to surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution in Austria-Hungary ends their war efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Kaiser Wilhelm II forced to resign on Nov 9, 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>Official armistice declared on Nov 11, 1918 </li></ul>
  16. 20. Think Think Think <ul><li>Take a moment to reflect on the situation of Allied forces in Europe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land destroyed from constant battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop failures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submarine blockades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of soldiers </li></ul></ul>