THE AGE                                               OF                                           DISCOVERYSEBASTIAN MÜNS...
SILK ROAD AND SPICE ROUTES TO ASIARed: Silk RoadBlue: Spice routes
MARCO POLO´S EXPEDITION TO CHINA (1271-1295)
GENOESE MAP (1457)Based on the information provided by the traveller Niccolo da Conti to Asia
FRA MAURO´S WORLD MAP (1459)Made by the Venitian monk Fra Mauro, under a commission by Alphonse Vof Portugal
MARTELLUS WORLD MAP (1490)Inspired on a map drawn in Lisbon in 1485 by Bartolomeo Columbus ,Christopher Columbus´s brother.
THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE (1453)                          In 1453 the Ottoman Turks                          conquered Co...
TECHNICAL IMPROVEMENTS                       Portulan charts were maps of the coasts,                       which included...
-They existed before the 15th century          -Advantages:              - more spacious, because they didn              ´...
PORTUGUESE DISCOVERIESThe Portuguese were the first to try to find anew route to Asia.Prince Henry sponsored voyages to th...
The Portuguese mapped the coast of Africaand were very interested in having controlover these territories, especially for ...
1488: Bartolomeu Dias reached the Cape of Good Hope1498: Vasco da Gama reached Calicut in India.
PORTUGUESE DISCOVERIES
CASTILIAN DISCOVERIESCHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS´S PROJECT                        Christopher Columbus notes on                  ...
COLUMBUS´S IDEA OF THE WORLD, INSPIRED ON TOSCANELLI´S MAP
COLUMBUS´S MAP, DRAWN IN 1490
Finally, the Catholic Monarchs agreed                            on financing Christopher Columbus´                       ...
COLUMBUS ´S VOYAGES
FIRST VOYAGE (August- October 1492)
SECOND VOYAGE (September 1493-June 1496)
THIRD VOYAGE (May 1498- November 1500)
FOURTH VOYAGE (May 1502- November 1504)
JUAN DE LA COSA´S MAP, 1500It included Columbus´s and Vasco da Gama´s discoveries. It´s the oldestrepresentation of America
JUAN DE LA COSA´S MAP, 1500
THE FIRST CIRCUMNAVIGATION VOYAGE    MAGELLAN-ELCANO EXPEDITION
BEGINNING OF THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS                   Relationships between different                   parts of the wo...
PRE-COLUMBIAN PEOPLESThe Europeans came into contactwith different indigenouscivilizations.They were called Amerindians(Am...
DISEASES BROUGHT BY THE EUROPEANS TO AMERICA                                            SMALLPOXCHICKENPOX     MEASLES    ...
KNOWLEDGE AND PRODUCTS´ EXCHANGEPRODUCTS BROUGHT FROM AMERICA
PRODUCTS BROUGHT FROM EUROPE TO AMERICA
OVERSEAS EMPIRES                   The Europeans created                   colonial empires and                   imposed ...
The Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery
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The Age of Discovery

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Reasons for the discoveries of the Modern Era, the first expeditions and their consequences

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The Age of Discovery

  1. 1. THE AGE OF DISCOVERYSEBASTIAN MÜNSTER´S MAP OF AMERICA, 1561
  2. 2. SILK ROAD AND SPICE ROUTES TO ASIARed: Silk RoadBlue: Spice routes
  3. 3. MARCO POLO´S EXPEDITION TO CHINA (1271-1295)
  4. 4. GENOESE MAP (1457)Based on the information provided by the traveller Niccolo da Conti to Asia
  5. 5. FRA MAURO´S WORLD MAP (1459)Made by the Venitian monk Fra Mauro, under a commission by Alphonse Vof Portugal
  6. 6. MARTELLUS WORLD MAP (1490)Inspired on a map drawn in Lisbon in 1485 by Bartolomeo Columbus ,Christopher Columbus´s brother.
  7. 7. THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE (1453) In 1453 the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople and closed the terrestrial route to Asia
  8. 8. TECHNICAL IMPROVEMENTS Portulan charts were maps of the coasts, which included indications to use the compass and the estimated distances between different placesPORTULAN CHARTCOMPASS QUADRANT ASTROLABE
  9. 9. -They existed before the 15th century -Advantages: - more spacious, because they didn ´t need oarsmen. This left more space for cargo and allowed longer voyages - Faster: they moved with wind.CARAVEL
  10. 10. PORTUGUESE DISCOVERIESThe Portuguese were the first to try to find anew route to Asia.Prince Henry sponsored voyages to thecoast of Africa and financed navigators andcartographers (map-makers )As a result of these investments, thePortuguese discovered several PRINCE HENRY THEarchipelagoes in the Atlantic Ocean and NAVIGATOR (1394-1460),territories on the African coast: PATRON OF PORTUGUESE EXPLORATION-1420: Madeira Islands-1427: Azores Islands-1434: the Portuguese reached CapeBojador-1455-56: Cape Verde Islands-1462: exploration of the Gulf of Guinea
  11. 11. The Portuguese mapped the coast of Africaand were very interested in having controlover these territories, especially for trade. Theycreated trading posts along the Africancoasts.1479: Treaty of ALCAÇOVAS: Castile andPortugal signed an agreement that recognizedthe Castilian sovereignty over the CanaryIslands, but gave the exclusive exploration ofthe African coasts to Portugal.
  12. 12. 1488: Bartolomeu Dias reached the Cape of Good Hope1498: Vasco da Gama reached Calicut in India.
  13. 13. PORTUGUESE DISCOVERIES
  14. 14. CASTILIAN DISCOVERIESCHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS´S PROJECT Christopher Columbus notes on his copy of The travels of Marco PoloColumbus miscalculated the diameter of the Earth and he thought that theEarth was smaller than it is. This is why he had a lot of problemsto find the money he needed for his exploration voyage to the Indies.
  15. 15. COLUMBUS´S IDEA OF THE WORLD, INSPIRED ON TOSCANELLI´S MAP
  16. 16. COLUMBUS´S MAP, DRAWN IN 1490
  17. 17. Finally, the Catholic Monarchs agreed on financing Christopher Columbus´ voyage and they signed a contract with him, the Capitulations of Santa Fe: If Columbus reached the Indies, he would receive some rewards:THE CATHOLIC MONARCHS - Viceroy and governor of the discovered lands - 20% of the wealth discovered - Admiral of the Ocean Sea.CAPITULATIONS OF SANTA FE
  18. 18. COLUMBUS ´S VOYAGES
  19. 19. FIRST VOYAGE (August- October 1492)
  20. 20. SECOND VOYAGE (September 1493-June 1496)
  21. 21. THIRD VOYAGE (May 1498- November 1500)
  22. 22. FOURTH VOYAGE (May 1502- November 1504)
  23. 23. JUAN DE LA COSA´S MAP, 1500It included Columbus´s and Vasco da Gama´s discoveries. It´s the oldestrepresentation of America
  24. 24. JUAN DE LA COSA´S MAP, 1500
  25. 25. THE FIRST CIRCUMNAVIGATION VOYAGE MAGELLAN-ELCANO EXPEDITION
  26. 26. BEGINNING OF THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS Relationships between different parts of the world, which shared products, people and knowledge.
  27. 27. PRE-COLUMBIAN PEOPLESThe Europeans came into contactwith different indigenouscivilizations.They were called Amerindians(American Indians), but at presentthey are called Pre- Columbianpeoples. AZTEC CIVILIZATION: Present Mexico MAYA CIVILIZATION: Yucatan Peninsula INCA CIVILIZATION: Andes Mountains
  28. 28. DISEASES BROUGHT BY THE EUROPEANS TO AMERICA SMALLPOXCHICKENPOX MEASLES These diseases became lethal for the indigenous peoples at the beginning of colonization and a demographic catastrophe took place, especially in Central America and the Caribbean Sea. The Europeans started bringing black slaves from Africa to replace the dead.
  29. 29. KNOWLEDGE AND PRODUCTS´ EXCHANGEPRODUCTS BROUGHT FROM AMERICA
  30. 30. PRODUCTS BROUGHT FROM EUROPE TO AMERICA
  31. 31. OVERSEAS EMPIRES The Europeans created colonial empires and imposed their supremacy over the new lands discovered.

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