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Tokugawa japan ppt[1]

brief background on the edo period

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Tokugawa japan ppt[1]

  2. 2. Map of east Asia
  3. 3. Japan Background lasted from 1603 to 1867. Focused on establishing social- political order, and international affairs. Japans Tokugawa
  4. 4. Social hierarchy
  5. 5. •The Christian rebellion in 1637-1638 undoubtedly helped harden the Tokugawa to strictly limit all sources of possible foreign interference. • After a century and half of incessant warfare the Tokugawa Shogunate was obsessed with maintaining order. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE OF JAPAN
  6. 6. Toyotomi Hideyoshi  Farmer turned military commander  Takes control and moves capital to Osaka
  7. 7. •This marked the beginning of Japan's first true pop culture, a mass-production culture of the marketplace. •Theatres came into being – women were banned from acting and acting was hereditary. •Books written in the Japanese language rather than in class Chinese were published in great numbers
  8. 8. Tokugawa Ieyasu  Daimyo of Edo (Modern Tokyo)  Took control of Japan after Toyotomi’s death  Restores centralized power  Moves capital to Edo  “Great Peace”  121637196/Japan_Under_Tokuga wa_Rule.html
  9. 9. Europeans come to Japan  First Portuguese traders  Welcomed, traded openly  Weapons, tobacco, clocks and glasses from Europe  mg/japan4l.jpg
  10. 10. Europeans get kicked out  Next Jesuit Missionaries  At first converted many Daimyo  But, Jesuits destroyed shrines resulting in Hideyoshi prohibiting Christian activities in his land  Missionaries expelled  Traders also removed  Only 1 Dutch group remained w/ restrictions 16th Century Japanese Nanban screen showing the arrival of Jesuits in Japan Circa 1549
  11. 11. ments/Tokugawa%20Laws%20of%20Japan%20Passage%2001.02.jpg
  12. 12. Tokugawa Rule  Wanted to control the feudal system in Japan  Land was divided into hans (domains), which were ruled by daimyo  Could be independent, but shogunate ruled by hostage system
  13. 13. Hostage system  Each daimyo has 2 houses.  1 in Edo; 1 on their han  When daimyo isn’t in Edo, his family must stay there (like hostages) so the daimyo don’t rebel 1.jpg
  14. 14. Economic Changes 2.html  Trade and Industry grew  Cities grew  Edo +1 Million pop.  Banking grew, paper money became the standard  Merchant class grew  Taxes increased  Peasants suffered, some revolted Coins from the Edo period
  15. 15. Social Changes 5@N08/2862111344/  Strict class distinctions  Emperor and imperial court  Warriors  Peasants/farmers  Artisans  Merchants  Eta (outcasts)  Laws separating them  No intermarriage Eta skinning deer
  16. 16. Role of women  Restricted, especially in warrior class  Influenced by Confucianism  Rules:  Parents determined marriage  Men could divorce women who don’t fulfill their duties.  Men controlled property.  Were valued as mothers 43965@N08/3492944934/in/set- 72157617576425408/
  17. 17. Cultural Changes  Literature  Popular in cities  Lighthearted, for fun  Ihara Saikaku  “Five Women who Loved Love”  Poetry  More serious  Haiku (5,7,5; about nature)  Ex. Matsuo Basho s/ehisto/ebasho.shtml From all directions Winds bring petals of cherry Into the grebe lake.
  18. 18. Theater g Kabuki (link) No women performers Emphasizes action, music and gestures
  19. 19. Art and Architecture h618/japan/Architecture/Architecture2. html  Need for homes in Edo caused nobles to compete for ‘best’ homes  Used gold foil to reflect light in dark castles  Also used height for defense Hirosaki Castle
  20. 20. Decline of Tokugawa Dynasty (link)
  21. 21. Pictures wiki[ TOKUGAWA-SHOGUNATE.WEEBLY.COM/HIERARCHY INSPIRATION  commons/4/4e/Toyotomi_Hideyoshi_on_his_horse.jpg&imgrefurl=http://common pg&usg=__cxRJjbxybqWLpB3s- bAzG2s2_Vs=&h=468&w=468&sz=83&hl=en&start=20&um=1&tbnid=2NoW darkRyYifM:&tbnh=128&tbnw=128&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtoyotomi%2Bhide yoshi%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dstrict%26client%3Dfirefox- a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1&safe=strict Kirsten Lodge , Associate Professor of Humanities and English at Midwestern State University