CHAPTER 17The Age of ImperialismSection 4: Expansion in AsiaObjectives:Explain how Britain’s rule of India contributed to the growth of Indian nationalism.Detail changes that took place in Japan under the Meiji government, and explain how Japan responded to Western imperialists.Explain why Western nations competed for lands in East Asia, and list the lands they claimed.
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia As Western imperialism reached into Asia and the Pacific during the 1800s, native peoples often responded with resistance and conflict.
SECTION 4 Expansion in AsiaBritish East India Companytreated India like a privatecolony.British gov’t took control after1857.Great Britain ruled 3/5 ofIndian subcontinent; the restwas divided into more than550 states.
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia The British were active rulers in India. • Kept order; ended local wars • Built roads, bridges, railroads • Built factories, hospitals, schools • Tried to improve Indian farming methods
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia… people of two very differentcultures living side by side. The British believed in their superiority (paternalism). They were treated like an “ubercaste,” and did not allow Indians in their social events, even if the Indian was royalty!
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Rise of Indian Nationalism • British system of education had a powerful impact on the Indians. • Self-rule movement began in late 1800s – Some wanted independence gradually – Others wanted to break all ties and sweep Western influences away – The Indian National Congress, a democratic social party, was founded in 1885 as a result of this new nationalism • The British kept the country on a tight rein.
SECTION 4Expansion in AsiaIn 1853, the Americancommodore MatthewPerry arrived anddemanded that Japan beopened to trade. By1856, Japan was forcedto receive Westernconsuls and to openports to foreign trade.
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Japanese Responses to Imperialism • Westerners did NOT rule Japan – but Japan would be influenced. • Japan change its gov’t and began to industrialize
SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Meiji Restoration• 1868 – group of samurai overthrew Tokugawa shogunate and returned the emperor to power.• Had grown impatient and wanted a gov’t and society more like the West.
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Meiji RestorationImportant changes …•Did away with old feudalsystem.•Required ALL should beliterate.•New constitution that gavevoting rights to more people•Imperial Diet – bicamerallegislature (House of Peers andHouse of Representatives)
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Industrialization The new government imposed military reforms to modernize Japans army and established the foundation for industrialization. Lack of capital dictated direct government involvement in the stages of industrialization. Japans careful management of industrialization limited foreign involvement. Japan would depend on the importation of equipment and raw materials from the West.
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia • Gov’t bought new factory equipment from Western countries. • Sent students & leaders to the West. • By 1900 – Japan was the first country in Asia to industrialize.
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Sino-Japanese War • China had control of Korea – and Japan had its eye on it. • 1894 – rebellion broke out. • Everyone thought China would have a quick easy victory… • WRONG!
SECTION 4Expansion in AsiaJapan had a modern well equipped military.And they were prepared.Japan defeated China in less than 10 months- (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895)
SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895• China was forced to give Korea its independence.• Japan gained control of island of Taiwan and the eastern portion of the bay of Liaodong Peninsula.• China agrees to pay to Japan as a war indemnity the sum of 200,000,000 Kuping taels (8,267 TONS in silver , or $8.2 BILLION)!• AND the right to trade in China.
SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Imperialism in Southeast Asia British French Dutch Colonies Gains East IndiesBurma French Java,east border Indochina Sumatra &with India Laos, Borneo Cambodia, wouldSingapore Vietnam becomecontrol of vital Siam Indonesia intrade route; would be a 1949imp. naval buffer betweenbase the French & British
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia American Imperialism in the Pacific The Samoa Islands Hawaiian Islands Philippines, Guam & Wake IslandWhy would the US want these little islands in the Pacific??
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Coaling stations. More trading partners A haven for ship-wrecked sailors
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia This cartoon shows a huge disconnect between British propaganda and reality. On 14th February, Illingsworth was busy depicting a ‘fractious’ India that would break up without the British Raj. Four days later, the 20 lakh colonial Indian armed forces, united and raised the banner of Independence. United across ranks, skin color, language, geography, religion, caste, height, weight – with only one thing uniting them. They were all Indians. 14 May 1946
SECTION 4Expansion in Asia Modern badminton was "discovered" in the 19th century by British officers in India who watched locals play a game called Poona. In England it became known as "Hit and Scream." But in 1873, at the Badminton House in Gloucestershire, the British version of the game was officially launched and henceforth known as badminton.
CHAPTER 26Chapter Wrap-Up 1. What evidence is there that an industrialized country can control a country that is not industrialized? 2. What evidence is there to show that areas were colonized because they met the transportation needs of other, more powerful countries? 3. What evidence is there to show that areas were colonized for natural resources?