How to do CPR

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How to do CPR

  1. 1. How to do CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) . 2010 Guidelines American Heart Association mFirst Response Training, LLC
  2. 2. Disclaimer This presentation is not a substitute from taking a class in person. Please use this presentation as a refresher. Please sign up for a class to get to practice the “hands on skills” Conor Devery, EMT-P……….. First Response Training, LLC
  3. 3. Adult CPR Make sure scene is safe Check for responsiveness If no response, call 911 and get the AED Check for breathing Check for movement Begin chest compressions Continue 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the AED arrives, EMS takes over, or the victim moves If uncomfortable doing mouth to mouth – just do compressions
  4. 4. Hand Placement Place heel of one hand in center of chest Interlock fingers of the other handLean forward so your shoulders are overyour hands Press straight down with elbows straight Push down at least 2 inchesPush at a rate (speed) of 100 compressionsper minute
  5. 5. Airway ManagementMouth – to - Mouth Mouth – to - Mask If you are uncomfortable doing mouth- to-mouth then skip it and Just do Compressions
  6. 6. Adult CPR - Reminders Take 5-10 seconds to check for breathing and movement. Ensure chest rises with each breath Place hands in the center of the chest for compressions Allow chest to recoil completely or return to its normal position Compression rate: 100/minute Compress at least 2 inches
  7. 7. Child CPR Check for responsiveness Yell for help but dont leave the victim Check for breathing Max. of 10 seconds Check for movement Begin chest compressions After 30 compressions give 2 breaths Continue 30 compressions and 2 breaths for 5 cycles or 2 minutes If still no response, activate 911 and get the AED
  8. 8. Hand Placement - Child  Rescuer can use one or two hands to do compressions  Place heel of one hand in center of chest in line with nipple line.  Lean forward so your shoulders are over your hands  Press straight down with elbows Push down at least 1/3 to ½ depth of chest  straight Push at a rate (speed) of 100 compressions per minute If one arm is not strong enough use both hands.
  9. 9. Child CPR - Reminders Take 5-10 seconds to check for breathing and movement Ensure chest rises with each breath Place hands in the center of the chest for compressions Use 1 or 2 hands for compressions Allow chest to recoil completely Compression rate: 100/minute Compress 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest Phone 911 after 5 cycles of CPR if you are alone
  10. 10. Infant CPR Check for responsiveness Yell for help but dont leave the victim Check for breathing Max. of 10 seconds Check for movement Begin chest compressions After 30 compressions give 2 breaths Continue 30 compressions and 2 breaths for 5 cycles or 2 minutes If still no response, activate 911 and get the AED
  11. 11. Infant Compressions
  12. 12. Infant Mouth – to – Mouth and Nose Resuscitation
  13. 13. Infant CPR - Reminders Take 5-10 seconds to check for breathing and movement Ensure chest rises with each breath Perform compressions using 2 fingers placed 1 finger width below the nipple line Allow chest to recoil completely Compression rate: 100/minute Compress 1/3 the depth of the chest Phone 911 after 5 cycles of CPR if you are alone AED can now be used for infants
  14. 14. Choking Relief
  15. 15. When NOT to do Choking Relief If a person appears to be choking Ask the patient “Are you choking.”If they can talk, or cough, they are not fullychoking Encourage them to keep coughing Call 911Do NOT do abdominal thrusts if they can talkor cough
  16. 16. Adult Choking - Responsive• Stand behind the person and wrap your arms around the person’s waist.• Make a fist with one hand. Place the thumb side of your fist just above the person’s navel, well below the breastbone...• Grasp the fist with your hand.• Make quick, upward and inward thrusts with your fists.• Continue thrusts until the object is dislodged or the person loses consciousness.• If the person becomes unconscious, lower person to the floor, call 911, and begin CPR. If you see the object blocking the airway, try to remove it.
  17. 17. Adult Choking - Responsive 1/2 way between navel and xyphoid
  18. 18. Adult Choking - Unresponsive  Lower them to the ground and begin the steps of CPR  Check mouth for object after 30 compressions  If you see the object, you can remove it  Dont forget to call 911 and get the AED  Do not perform a blind finger sweep
  19. 19. Child Choking - Responsive
  20. 20. Child Choking - Responsive Performing first aid for a choking child is very similar to an adult. If the child does not clearly grab their throat other danger signs for a child and an adult include: Inability to speak Weak, ineffective coughing Noisy breathing or high-pitched sounds while inhaling Difficulty breathing Bluish skin color Loss of consciousness if blockage is not cleared
  21. 21. Child Choking - Unresponsive  Lower them to the ground and begin the steps of CPR  Look in the mouth before each breath  If you see the object, you can remove it  Dont forget to call 911 and get the AED  Do not perform a blind finger sweep
  22. 22. Infant ChokingThe danger signs of true choking are: DO NOT•Inability to cry or make much sound •DO NOT perform•Weak, ineffective coughing these steps if the•Soft or high-pitched sounds while infant is coughinginhaling forcefully or has a•Difficulty breathing - ribs and chest strong cry – either ofretract which can dislodge•Bluish skin color the object on its own.•Loss of consciousness if blockage isnot cleared
  23. 23. Infant ChokingStep 1: Back Blows Step 2: Chest Thrusts
  24. 24. Infant ChokingStep 3: Object Removal • Only remove object if you can see it. • No blind finger sweeps • If object not visible go back to back blows and chest thrusts
  25. 25. Choking Infant - Unresponsive Unresponsive Infant  Place them on a hard, flat surface and begin the steps of CPR  Look in the mouth before each breath  If you see the object, you can remove it  Dont forget to call 911 after 2 minutes (5 cycles) of CPR
  26. 26. Automated Extenal Defibrillator (AED)
  27. 27. Automated External Defibrillator (AED) AEDs are computerized devices that allow laypersons to attempt defibrillation safely. Here are a few facts about defibrillation: It is the most effective treatment for Ventricular Fibrillation, the most common initial rhythm present in a victim of sudden cardiac arrest. The probability of successful defibrillation decreases rapidly over time
  28. 28. Use of an AED Power on the AED Apply pads to the victims bare chest Plug the pads into the AED "Clear" the victim and allow it to analyze If a shock is advised, "clear" the victim again and press the shock button Continue chest compressions Every 2 minutes the power button AED will repeat the steps shock button
  29. 29. Adult Child Infant (age 9 and older) (1 year to puberty) (less than 1 year)Activate 911 as soon as victim if alone, after 5 cycles of CPR is foundCompression Center of the chest between the Just below theLocation nipples nipple lineCompression Heal of 1 hand same as adult or 2 fingersMethod with the other on heal of 1 hand for (2 hands encircling- top small children thumb for 2-rescuer)Compression 100 per minuteRateCompression- 30:2 30:2Ventilation Ratio (or “hands only”)AED yes yes Yes (adult pads only) (child pads preferable. (child pads preferable. If none, use adult) If none, use adult)
  30. 30. Liked It ?Share on LinkedIn Tweet this presentation Share this on Facebook First Response Training, LLC (561) 459-0221Share on Google+ www.gotcpr.us firstresponsetraining@gmail.com

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