Eme learning theories pp
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Eme learning theories pp

on

  • 304 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
304
Views on SlideShare
304
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Eme learning theories pp Eme learning theories pp Presentation Transcript

    • By Ashley C., Jordan W., Chris J.
    • BehaviorismBehaviorism is the prediction andcontrol of human behavior inwhich and/or independentthinking play no essential part ofits teaching methods.
    • Ivan Pavlov (1894-1936) •Ivan Pavlov, behaviorist, won a Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1904. •He used classical conditioning, which refers to the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus, in order to teach dogs to salivate when he rang a bell. •The idea of classical conditioning soon spread to humans as more and more behaviorists believed that this idea had human applications.
    • B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)•B.F Skinner was a behavioral scientistwho came up with a behaviorist modelof education called operantconditioning•In his behavioral model, He believedthat when a student is positivelyrewarded for behaving in a matter thatis desirable to the instructor, the childwill learn how to behave in that way.•Also reinforcement has been found tobe a powerful motivator.
    • Albert Bandura•Born in 1925, Albert Bandura is well known forhis ideas on the Social Cognitive Theory.•Motivational factors and self-regulatorymechanisms are what Bandura believescontributes most to a person’s behavior.•Observational modeling, which is watchingsomething and then mimicking the observedbehavior, is another theory Bandura hasexperimented with.
    • Teachers and Behaviorism With technology:  The teacher can reward students for receiving an excellent grade on an assignment or for simply completing a project early by allowing the student to use a classroom computer. The student would be allowed to utilize their computer time to play learning or typing games. Without technology:  The teacher can still reward students for exceptional work by allowing extra time at recess or a small gift, such as a sticker.
    • Students and Behaviorism With technology:  There are several computer programs now that simulate a quiz-based activity. For a correct behavior/answer, positive reinforcement is given to the student, yet for an incorrect response, a negative reinforcement is the result. Without technology:  Students still enjoy receiving positive feedback for their answers and will work hard to achieve the praise/reward from a teacher, not simply a computer. Therefore, if a teacher focuses on verbalizing the feedback, the students will strive to have that recognition for themselves.
    • Using Behaviorism in Teaching First a teacher would have set guidelines of how one is to behave during class. A teacher will positively reward behavior that is desired so a child will learn to behave in that manner more consistently. Rewarding behaviors like 100% homework that is turned in, with a pizza party when a class has behaved well as a whole. A teacher will also punish negative behavior. For example, detention for being late, staying indoors during recess because of bad behavior, and so on. In a technology sense, every time that a quiz or test is taken by computer, there is a positive response to correct answers such as great job or well done. Whenever there is a wrong answer, there can be something like please try again.
    • Credits Image sources:  B.F. Skinner Image: http://www.skeptically.org/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpict ures/skinner-bust-70s.jpg  Ivan Pavlov Image: http://www.famouspeopleinfo.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/10/Ivan-Pavlov-1.jpg  Albert Bandura Image: http://www.northlandprep.org/albert%20bandura.gif Source of information:  Shelly, Gary B. "Learning Theories and Educational Research." Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston, MA: Thomson/Course Technology, 2008. 367-70. Print.