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PARLIAMENT, GOVERNMENT, POLITICAL PARTIES Andi Kriisa Silver Samarütel 11c
<ul><li>The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy based on universal suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen is the hea...
<ul><li>UK is divided into constituencies where voting takes place </li></ul><ul><li>Each area is represented by one Membe...
<ul><li>The UK is administered from the Palace of Westminster </li></ul>
<ul><li>Elected by the British public through the first-past-the-post system </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 59  members are calle...
<ul><li>Members are not elected </li></ul><ul><li>Presided over by the Lord Chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>Today there are 7...
<ul><li>The leader of the winning party in elections automatically becomes Prime Minister and has the right to appoint his...
Political parties <ul><li>The Labour Party </li></ul><ul><li>Roots in the 19th c </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by less-wealt...
<ul><li>Sir Winston Churchill is considered to have been the most briliant politician of the Conservative Party in the 20t...
<ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1izsTZwa59k </li></ul>
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Unit 3: The Political System

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Transcript of "Unit 3: The Political System"

  1. 1. PARLIAMENT, GOVERNMENT, POLITICAL PARTIES Andi Kriisa Silver Samarütel 11c
  2. 2. <ul><li>The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy based on universal suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen is the head of the executive and plays an integral part in legislature </li></ul><ul><li>General elections are held every five years </li></ul><ul><li>People over the age of 18 can vote </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone over the age of 21 can stand for election as a member of parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Voting is not compulsory </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>UK is divided into constituencies where voting takes place </li></ul><ul><li>Each area is represented by one Member of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties appoint candidates to compete for a seat in Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Several parties fight for one seat, the candidate who gets the largest number of votes in a constituency wins </li></ul><ul><li>The party with the most seats in the House of Commons is in power and forms the Government </li></ul><ul><li>There is usually an one party </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>The second largest party becomes </li></ul><ul><li>the Opposition and forms the </li></ul><ul><li>Shadow Cabinet </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The UK is administered from the Palace of Westminster </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Elected by the British public through the first-past-the-post system </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 59 members are called Members of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>All new laws are first discussed and debated in the Commons </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Members are not elected </li></ul><ul><li>Presided over by the Lord Chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>Today there are 746 members </li></ul><ul><li>After passing through the House of Commons, all bills are debated in the House of Lords and after that, signed by the Queen </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The leader of the winning party in elections automatically becomes Prime Minister and has the right to appoint his Government, called the Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>The Cabinet includes a selection of MPs </li></ul><ul><li>It works as a team and is collectively </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for its decisions </li></ul><ul><li>The Cabinet is responsible to </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The most important ministers are </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister, Chancellor of the </li></ul><ul><li>Exchequer, Foreign Secretary, </li></ul><ul><li>Home Secretary </li></ul>
  8. 8. Political parties <ul><li>The Labour Party </li></ul><ul><li>Roots in the 19th c </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by less-wealthy groups of society </li></ul><ul><li>Re-elected in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The Conservative Party </li></ul><ul><li>Dates back to the 18th c. </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly supported by wealthier people </li></ul><ul><li>Has lost its popularity since the 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>The Liberal Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><li>Third largest party </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Their politics are somewhere between the </li></ul><ul><li>Labour and Conservative parties </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Sir Winston Churchill is considered to have been the most briliant politician of the Conservative Party in the 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister during most of WW II </li></ul><ul><li>Led Britain successfully through the war </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for his speeches in which he encouraged people to believe that they would eventually win </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1izsTZwa59k </li></ul>
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