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Unit 3: The Political System

Unit 3: The Political System






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    Unit 3: The Political System Unit 3: The Political System Presentation Transcript

    • PARLIAMENT, GOVERNMENT, POLITICAL PARTIES Andi Kriisa Silver Samarütel 11c
      • The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy based on universal suffrage
      • The Queen is the head of the executive and plays an integral part in legislature
      • General elections are held every five years
      • People over the age of 18 can vote
      • Anyone over the age of 21 can stand for election as a member of parliament
      • Voting is not compulsory
      • UK is divided into constituencies where voting takes place
      • Each area is represented by one Member of Parliament
      • Political parties appoint candidates to compete for a seat in Parliament
      • Several parties fight for one seat, the candidate who gets the largest number of votes in a constituency wins
      • The party with the most seats in the House of Commons is in power and forms the Government
      • There is usually an one party
      • Government
      • The second largest party becomes
      • the Opposition and forms the
      • Shadow Cabinet
      • The UK is administered from the Palace of Westminster
      • Elected by the British public through the first-past-the-post system
      • The 6 59 members are called Members of Parliament
      • All new laws are first discussed and debated in the Commons
      • Members are not elected
      • Presided over by the Lord Chancellor
      • Today there are 746 members
      • After passing through the House of Commons, all bills are debated in the House of Lords and after that, signed by the Queen
      • The leader of the winning party in elections automatically becomes Prime Minister and has the right to appoint his Government, called the Cabinet
      • The Cabinet includes a selection of MPs
      • It works as a team and is collectively
      • responsible for its decisions
      • The Cabinet is responsible to
      • Parliament
      • The most important ministers are
      • Prime Minister, Chancellor of the
      • Exchequer, Foreign Secretary,
      • Home Secretary
    • Political parties
      • The Labour Party
      • Roots in the 19th c
      • Supported by less-wealthy groups of society
      • Re-elected in 2007
      • The Conservative Party
      • Dates back to the 18th c.
      • Mainly supported by wealthier people
      • Has lost its popularity since the 1980s
      • The Liberal Democratic Party
      • Third largest party
      • Pro-Europe
      • Their politics are somewhere between the
      • Labour and Conservative parties
      • Sir Winston Churchill is considered to have been the most briliant politician of the Conservative Party in the 20th century
      • Prime Minister during most of WW II
      • Led Britain successfully through the war
      • Famous for his speeches in which he encouraged people to believe that they would eventually win
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1izsTZwa59k