Politics of uk


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Politics of uk

  1. 1. Monarch ( Ceremonial head of state; succession by inheritance)( symbolically designates) Government( Prime Minister and other ministers) responsible to House of Commons House of Lords (hereditary and life peers; elect lords spiritual) Voters
  3. 3. Constitutional MonarchyMonarch is head of state and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government.
  4. 4. EXECUTIVE POWER exercised by the United Kingdom Government the devolved governments of Scotland and Wales, and the Executive of Northern Ireland.
  5. 5. A constitutional monarchy is aform of government in which amonarch acts as head of statewithin the parameters of awritten (i.e., codified),unwritten (i.e., uncodified) orblended constitution.
  6. 6. is the political leader ofthe United Kingdom andthe Head of Her/hisMajestys Government
  7. 7. is the statutory granting ofpowers from the centralgovernment of a sovereignstate to government at a sub-national level, such as aregional, local, or state level.
  8. 8. LEGISLATIVE POWER vested in both the governmentand the two chambers ofParliament, the House ofCommons and the House ofLords, as well as in the Scottishparliament and Welsh andNorthern Ireland assemblies.
  9. 9. is the lower house of the Parliament of theUnited Kingdom, which also comprises theSovereign and the House of Lords (theupper house). Both Commons and Lordsmeet in the Palace of Westminster. TheCommons is a democratically electedbody, consisting of 650 members (since 2010General Election), who are known as"Members of Parliament" (MPs). Membersare elected through the first-past-the-postsystem by electoral districts known asconstituencies.
  10. 10. is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the United Kingdoms national legislature. membership of the House of Lords is not attained by election but is instead made up of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal.
  11. 11. JUDICIARY is independent of the executive and the legislature, the highest national court being the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
  12. 12. Members of the House of Commons Conservative MPs- come predominantly from professions and the business sector Labour Delegation- includes a large number of manual workers and teachers. Representation of women and non-white minorities has undergone slow
  13. 13. Commons: The Legislative Process Bill- Law  all bills must be passed by a majority of those present and voting in both the House of Commons and Lords.  both houses have the right to debate bills proposed by the government and, within certain limits, to propose legislations and amendments of their own.
  14. 14. ELECTORAL SYSTEMS Various electoral systems are used in the UK: The First Past the Post system is used for UK general elections, and also for some local government elections in England and Wales. The Bloc Vote system is also used for some local government elections in England and Wales. The Additional Member System is used for elections to the Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and London Assembly. The Single Transferable Vote system is used in Northern Ireland to elect the Assembly, local councils, and Members of the European Parliament, and in Scotland to elect local councils. The Party List System is used for European Parliament elections in England, Scotland and Wales. The Supplementary Vote is used to elect directly-elected mayors in England, such as the Mayor of London.