Wales

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Wales

  1. 1. Wales Hanna-Liis Kont 12.B Hugo Treffner Gymnasium
  2. 2. General information • Area: 20,779 km² • Population: 2,999,300 (2009) • Capital: Cardiff • National languages: Welsh, English • Monarchy - monarch: Elizabeth II • First Minister of Wales: Carwyn Jones • Currency: British Pound (GBP)
  3. 3. Map
  4. 4. Geography • located on a peninsula in central-west Great Britain • over 1,180 km of coastline • mountainous landscape, particularly in the north and central regions • The 14 Welsh mountains over 3,000 feet high are known collectively as the Welsh 3000s.
  5. 5. Climate • winters are damp, mild and quite windy • summers are pleasant with frequent partly-cloudy days • can be rainy, especially in fall and the early winter months • conditions can change quickly along the western coast and in the high mountains of the northwest • Wettest spot – an average of 4,473 millimetres rain a year at Crib Goch in Snowdonia, Gwynedd
  6. 6. History • inhabited by the Celtic Britons (500 - 100 BC) • Roman rule (78 AD - 410 ) - lasted over 300 years. • Saxons invaded Wales (500) • Treaty of Aberconwy – ended First Welsh independence war (1277) → Edward I began building castles • Black Death swept across country, 40% of population died (1349) Caernarfon Castle
  7. 7. • Wales was incorporated into England with the Laws in Wales Acts (1535–1542) • Industrial Age began; Wales became the largest producer of iron and copper in the world (1750) • the Welsh Sunday Closing Act (1881) • the National Assembly for Wales (1999) • Thousands of sheep tested positive for foot-and-mouth disease (2001)
  8. 8. Seven Wonders of Wales • 1. Pistyll Rhaeadr - the highest waterfall in Wales & England • 2. Wrexham Steeple - 16th century tower of St Giles Church • 3. Snowdon - the highest mountain • 4. Overton Yew Trees - the yew trees date back to medieval times • 5. St Winefride's Well • 6. Llangollen Bridge • 7. Gresford Bells - the bells of All Saints church
  9. 9. Famous people from Wales • Edward II - King of England • Sir Anthony Hopkins - actor • Catherine Zeta-Jones - actress • Timothy Dalton - actor • Shirley Bassey - singer
  10. 10. Used material • http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/northeast/sites/ seven_wonders/ • http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/coun trys/europe/ukwtravel.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales# • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=n9uMJovuA_Y&feature=related

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