Unit 11: Scotland's Castles and Culture


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Unit 11: Scotland's Castles and Culture

  1. 1. Scotland’s Castles and Culture Anne Rikas 11B
  2. 2. Castles <ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>The design of a castle always depended on the requirements it had to meet. </li></ul><ul><li>The first tower houses appeared in the 13th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Traquair House by the Tweed is reputedly the oldest continuously inhabited house in Scotland. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Castles <ul><li>Classical palaces appeared in the 18th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Architectural influences from Europe reached Scotland. </li></ul><ul><li>New features: larger windows, balustrades, decorative cupolas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scone Palace <ul><li>Ancient crowning venue of Scottish kings and queens. </li></ul><ul><li>Stone of Scone. </li></ul><ul><li>1500 years ago, it was the capital of the Pictish kingdom and the centre of the Celtic church. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Blair Castle <ul><li>Privately owned by the Duke of Atholl. </li></ul><ul><li>Features 32 fully furnished rooms displaying furniture and treasures from the 16th century to the present day. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Linlithgow Palace <ul><li>Partially destroyed in 1424, king James I started rebuilding it as a grand residence for Scottish royalty. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Stuart, daughter of James V, was born there. The Stuarts ruled Scotland for 12 generations. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Balmoral C astle <ul><li>A royal residence since Prince Albert bought it in 1853. </li></ul><ul><li>Means “majestic dwelling” in Gaelic language. </li></ul><ul><li>Alatskivi Castle in Estonia has been modelled on Balmoral Castle. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Glamis Castle <ul><li>Started out as a royal hunting lodge in the 11th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Royal residence since 1372 </li></ul><ul><li>The childhood home of the late Queen Mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Setting of Macbeth. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Culture <ul><li>Significance of cultural events and festivals. </li></ul><ul><li>Many festivals of Celtic origin. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hogmanay <ul><li>Scotland’s New Year’s Eve. </li></ul><ul><li>In families, it is customary to wait in silence and open the door of the house to “see the old year out and the new year in” just before midnight. </li></ul><ul><li>More important than Christmas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Burns Night <ul><li>On 25th of January </li></ul><ul><li>Birthday of Robert Burns (1759-1796), who is regarded as the country’s national poet. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a Burns Supper, recitals of his poems, Scottish music and folk dancing. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Edinburgh International Festival <ul><li>Three weeks of every summer. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes opera, dance, music, plays, revues, films, puppet shows, recitals and exhibitions of painting and sculpture. </li></ul><ul><li>The Military Tattoo </li></ul>
  13. 13. Highland games <ul><li>Open-air festival in all regions of Scotland at different time every summer. </li></ul><ul><li>Town of Ceres in Fife claims to have held the first Highland Games in Scotland. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Scottish Evenings <ul><li>Are put on by many restaurants and companies. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most popular is Jamie’s Scottish Evening at The King James Hotel in Edinburgh. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Other Outdoor Activities <ul><li>Hunting. The opening of the grouse season on 12 August is a highlight in the social calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing, hill walking, mountaineering and skiing are also popular. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention!