Unit 12: Wales

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Unit 12: Wales

  1. 1. Wales Peeter Kokk
  2. 2. <ul><li>Population: about 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Languages: English & Welsh </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Cardiff </li></ul><ul><li>Patron saint: St David </li></ul><ul><li>National emblems: leek, daffodil </li></ul><ul><li>National instrument: the harp </li></ul><ul><li>National souvenir: the lovespoon </li></ul><ul><li>National dishes: laverbread, welsh rarebit, leek pie, cawl and puddings </li></ul><ul><li>National sport: rugby </li></ul>Overview
  3. 3. <ul><li>Settled by waves of different migrants in ancient times </li></ul><ul><li>Celtic farmers established Druidism </li></ul><ul><li>Romans came in the 1st century </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries converted Wales to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Anglo-Saxons failed to conquer it and thus, Wales was divided into small states between 9th and 11th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 13th century Edward I conquered Wales, introduced English law and proclaimed his son the Prince of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>During the Wars of the Roses (1453–1487) in 1485, Welshman Harri Tudur defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field and became Henry VII of England </li></ul>History
  4. 4. <ul><li>1535 – Wales was given parliamentary representation in London </li></ul><ul><li>1760s : Development of open-cast coal mining – Industrialisation began </li></ul><ul><li>In 1913 Wales dispatched over 10 million tons of coal and steel </li></ul><ul><li>In December 1916 David Lloyd became the Prime Minister of United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999 Welsh Asesembly was formed, giving Welsh its own parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The main political parties are the Labour Party, the Party of Wales, the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats </li></ul>More History
  5. 5. Famous people of Wales

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