The System Of Government In Britain

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The System Of Government In Britain

  1. 1. THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN BRITAIN<br />
  2. 2. The crown<br />The monarch is the head ofthestate and symbol for theunityofthenation.<br />The monarchy is hereditary.<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. The monarchspowers:<br />DissolveParliament.<br />Appointgovernment ministers, judges, officers etc.<br />Conferpeerages and knighthoods.<br />Remitsentences to convictedcriminals.<br />Declarewar or make peace<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Whitehall<br />Her majestysgovernmentgoverns in thenameoftheQueen.<br />The leaderofthemajority party form a government.<br />The ministers aremembersofthe House ofCommons or the House of Lords.<br />Most governmentsconsistof 100 ministers.<br />The core is theCabinetwith 20 ministers.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. The Prime Minister is theleaderoftheCabinet.<br />The ministers have to obeythe Prime Minister.<br />All senior government ministers have thetitleofSecretaryof State.<br />They have junior ministers to helpthemwiththeworkload.<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. The Civil Service administersthedecisionsof ministers.<br />The Civil Service employsalmost 500 000 people.<br />It is expectedthattheCivil Service doesitswork in a impartialway.<br />The Cabinet Office is theheartoftheCivil Service.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. The Cabinet Office is runningthewholeCivil Service and serving ministers.<br />The Permanent Secretary is theleaderof a ministery.<br />There is a strongtraditionofloyaltyonthe part ofcivil servants towardstheir ministers.<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Westminster<br />Parliament is known as Westminster.<br />Parliament is theseatof British democracy.<br />Parliament is thesupreme legislative body ofthestate.<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Parliamentsfunction:<br />To pass laws.<br />Raiseenoughmoneythroughtaxation.<br />To examinegovernment policy and administration.<br />Discussimportantpoliticalissues.<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. The electoral system<br />The United Kingdom is dividedintoconstituencies.<br />EachconstituencyelectsoneMemberofParliament to sit in the House ofCommons.<br />Todaythereare 659 seats in theCommons.<br />All British citizenscanvoteiftheyare over 18 y.o.<br />Insanepeople and prisoners canalsovote.<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. If a MemberofParlliamentresigns or dies, a by – election must be held.<br />MPsarechosen by theconstituencybranchofthe party.<br />
  21. 21. The party system<br />Therearethreepoliticalparties in Britain:<br />The Conservative Party.<br />The Labour Party.<br />The Liberal Party.<br />
  22. 22. The Conservative Party<br />It is the party ofthe Right<br />The ideaofeconomicfreedom.<br />Patriotism.<br />Receivingmoney from bigcompanies and richpeople.<br />Law and order and strongarmedforces.<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. The Labour Party<br />The party ofsocialjustice.<br />Achievementofwell-being and opportunity for all membersofsociety.<br />Public ownershipof major industries.<br />Economic planning.<br />The trade union movement.<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. The House ofCommons<br />Its 659 membersrepresent 529 constituencies in England, 40 in Wales, 72 in Scotland and 18 in NorthernIreland.<br />Thereareonlyseats in theCommonsdebatingchamber for 370 members.<br />The front benchesarereserved for membersoftheCabinet and theShadowCabinet.<br />Behindthemsitthebackbenchers.<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. The Speaker is responsible for order in theCommons.<br />MPsarepaidsalaries – twicetheaveragenationalwage.<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30. The House of Lords<br />The House of Lords is theupperchamberofParliament.<br />It is not democratic.<br />1197 members.<br />300 peers meetdaily in the House of Lords.<br />Judges and archbishops.<br />Theirjob is to warn governments.<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. The Lord Chanchellor is theleaderofthe House of Lords.<br />Most peers support theConservative Party.<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Parliamentaryprocedure<br />Eachparliamentarysessionopenswiththe State OpeningofParliament.<br />The Queendelivers a speech from thethrone in the House of Lords.<br />The Commons has a meetingeachweekdayafternoon.<br />EachdaybeginswithQuestion Time whereMPs ask ministers. <br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. AfterQuestion Time, themaindebatetakesplace.<br />Parliament,smost importantfunction is to createlaw.<br />
  37. 37.
  38. 38. Parliamentarycommittees.<br />The Commons have a numberofstandingcommittees.<br />The committee system consistsof 17 individualcommittees.<br />

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