3 Australias Government

2,800 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,800
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
50
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

3 Australias Government

  1. 1. Australia’s Government Unit 12 Notes
  2. 2. Australia’s Government <ul><li>Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three key factors that determine Australia’s government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>form of leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>type of legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>role of the citizen </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Form of Leadership <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth II (England) is the head of state. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She does not run the country, but she signs laws, approves elections, and is commander-in-chief of the military. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The prime minister recommends someone to represent the Queen in Australia—the governor-general. </li></ul><ul><li>The prime minister is the head of the government & has the most political power. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leader of the political party with the most members in the Commonwealth Parliament </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  5. 5. Her Excellency The Right Honorable Quentin Bryce
  6. 6. The Right Honorable Kevin Rudd
  7. 8. Type of Legislature <ul><li>An elected government operates the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Every 4 years, citizens who are over 18 vote for members of parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament meets several times a year and makes laws that affect how Australians live. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 2 houses of the Commonwealth Parliament: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Type of Legislature <ul><li>House of Representatives : Australia is divided into areas called electorates; people living in each electorate vote for a person to represent them in parliament. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>elected person becomes the MP of the House of Representatives for that area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate : people from each state and the 2 territories elect 12 people to be their senators </li></ul>
  9. 10. Role of the Citizen <ul><li>democracy: voters choose the lawmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone who is 18 or over is required by law to vote. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens can be fined or go to court if they don’t vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citizens vote for MPs -- the leader of the party that gets the most votes becomes the prime minister. </li></ul><ul><li>Voters do not vote for the head of state (Queen), the governor-general, or directly for the prime minister. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Role of the Citizen <ul><li>Australians enjoy many freedoms. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom of religion, speech, job choice, travel, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They can vote for the leaders that make laws and lead the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Their level of freedom is similar to what people have in the United Kingdom & the United States. </li></ul>

×