Chapter 1

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Chapter 1

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Educational Technology in Context: The Big Picture This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  2. 2. Media and Audio-Visual Communications Four Perspectives that Define Educational Technology Computer Systems Educational Technology Instructional Systems and Design Vocational Training M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.2
  3. 3. Media and Audiovisual Communications Educational technology viewed as media to deliver information Association for Educational Communications & Technology (AECT) www.aect.org M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.3
  4. 4. Instructional Systems and Instructional Design Educational technology viewed as part of a system for addressing any instructional need International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI) www.ispi.org M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.4
  5. 5. Vocational Training (Technology Education) Educational technology viewed as a practical means of teaching all content areas, preparing for the world of work International Technology Education Association (ITEA) www.iteaconnect.org M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.5
  6. 6. Computer Systems Educational technology viewed as educational computing, a combination of technology resources to support teaching & learning International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) www.iste.org M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.6
  7. 7. What History of Educational Technology Has Taught Us 1. Technology is not a panacea. 2. Literacy offers limited rationale. 3. Teachers are not developers. M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.7
  8. 8. What History Has Taught Us (continued) 4. Possible does not equal desirable, feasible, or inevitable. 5. Things change faster than teachers can keep up. Change is inevitable. 6. Older technologies can be useful. 7. Teachers always will be important. M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.8
  9. 9. Rationale for Technology Use     Motivation Enhanced instructional methods Increased productivity Required information age skills M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.9
  10. 10. Why Use Technology?  Influence student academic performance  Develop higher order thinking and problem solving  Improve student motivation, attitude, and interest in learning  Help prepare students for the workforce  Address the needs of low-performing, atrisk, and students with learning handicaps Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology (CARET) http://caret.iste.edu M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.10
  11. 11. When Does Technology Work?  Directly supports curriculum objectives  Provides opportunities for student collaboration  Adjusts for student ability and prior experiences, and provides feedback  Is integrated into the instructional day  Provides opportunities for students to design and implement projects  Is used in environments where teachers, community and administrators support it Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology (CARET) http://caret.iste.edu M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.11
  12. 12. Educational Technology “Tree of Knowledge” M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.12
  13. 13. Issues in Education & Technology Societal Legal/Ethical Cultural/ Equity Educational M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.13
  14. 14. Societal Issues  Economic conditions  Anti-technology positions  Impact of No Child Left Behind Act M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.14
  15. 15. Educational Issues  Standards movement  Reliance on Internet & distance education  Debate over directed vs. inquiry-based, constructivist instructional methods M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.15
  16. 16. Cultural & Ethnic Issues  Digital Divide  Racial and Gender Equity  Special Needs M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.16
  17. 17. Legal and Ethical Issues      Viruses & hacking New plagiarism Privacy & safety Copyright Illegal downloads & software piracy M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.17
  18. 18. Emergent Trends in Hardware & Software Development       Wireless connectivity Merging of technologies Portable devices High-speed communications Visual immersion systems Intelligent applications M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.18
  19. 19. Implications of New Technologies     Flexible learning environments Adaptable assessment options Reliance on distance learning Support for people with disabilities M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.19
  20. 20. ISTE NETS-S National Educational Technology Standards for Students 1. 2. 3. 4. Creativity and innovation Communication and collaboration Research and information fluency Critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making 5. Digital citizenship 6. Technology operations and concepts http://www.iste.org M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.20
  21. 21. ISTE NETS-T National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers 1. Facilitate and inspire learning and creativity 2. Design and develop digital-age learning experiences and assessments 3. Model digital-age work and learning 4. Promote and model digital citizenship and responsibility 5. Engage in professional growth and leadership http://www.iste.org M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.21
  22. 22. Electronic Portfolio Options       “Ready-made” software packages PDF documents Multimedia authoring software Databases Websites Video M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.22
  23. 23. Electronic Teaching Portfolios M. D. Roblyer & Aaron H. Doering Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching, 5/E Copyright ©2010 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.23
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