+ R o m a n e s q u e A r c h i t e c t u r e
Romanesque Architecture is the combination of Roman
and Byzantine Architecture basically roman in style.
They grew in the countries under the roman rule.
The most common material used for construction were
stone, brick marble or terra cotta, as well as ready-made
columns and features from the old Roman buildings.
a. Small windows to minimize sun shading.
d. Flat roof
Northern Portion -- Dull climate contributed to the
a. Large windows to admit light.
b. high pitch roof to throw off rain and snow
Christianity resulted into erection of a church.
Papacy had great power and influence.
Establishment of “Feudal System”, Landlord built
“castle” to separate them and protect them from the
peasants. This castle was made with man-made
The style emerging in Western Europe based on
Roman and Byzantine elements last until the
Advent of Gothic Architecture in the Mid-12th
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL INFLUENCE
SOBER & DIGNIFIED
Opposite of Roman character
Developed in Italy, France, Germany
Uses “Rib & Panel Vaulting”
Two Types of Vaulting:
Quadripartite (four-part vaulting)
Sexpartite (six- part vaulting)
(both were supported by “tiers”)
Use of corbelled Arches found underneath the eaves
of a church.
Use of Massive, Architectured wall structures, Round
Arches & Powerful Vaults.
In churches they used Latin Cross Plan
Use of Rose window or Wheel window.
EXAMPLE OF BUILDINGS
1. Churches- for every church there is a “Monastery”
at the side.
2. Monastic church situated in a court open to public.
3. Cloister Court
4. Inner Court
5. Common Court
DIFFERENT SHAPES OF
Crux immissa or Latin cross
Cross of Lorraine The papal
cross or ferula is the
pastoral staff used by
A cross resting on a base with three steps, also called a graded or a
I. With Baptistery,
Campanile & Campo
II. One of the Finest
III. Design by Architect
I. Circular Tower
II. Worlds famous
III. 8 storeys of