Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Influences of Christian Archie. :-
Geographical
The position of Rome as
he center of a world
wide empire was an
important ...
Characteristics
 Roman temples which were now rendered
useless for their original purpose were
utilized for the new faith...
EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE
 Early Christian meeting places were
actually set-up in preexisting
apartments or homes
 Th...
Vault , Dome ,
Arches
Vault
A roof In the form of an
arch or a series of arches,
typical of churches and
other large , for...
Squinches :-
 It is a construction filling
in the upper angles of
square room so as to form
a base to receive an
octagona...
 Building Domes
 They used triangular
transition features from
four massive support
piers to a drum and then
to the shal...
 1)The latter diameter was sometimes used and the sides of the dome cut off vertically so that the square was perfectly
c...
Arches
Segmental Corbelled Pointed
The Basilican Church of S. Clemente ,
ROME
Characteristics
 Location :- Rome
 Affiliation :- Roman Catholic
 Const. :- ...
Basilican church of S. Paul . ROME
Characteristic
 Location :- Rome, Italy
 Const. :- 4th cent – 1823
A.D.
 Dimensions ...
Basilican church of S . Maria ROME
Characteristics
 Location :- Rome , ITALY
 Affiliation :- Roman
Catholic church
 Dim...
S . Stefano Rotondo , ROME
Characteristics
 Location :- Rome , Italy
 Affiliation :- Roman catholic
 Leadership:- Fried...
Details Christian Architecture
Plan
The early Christians adopted
the Basilican model for their
churches but in addition th...
BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
 New Symbolic Architecture
 500 AD Western Empire in ruins
 Shift to Byzantine Architecture
 Ch...
 Byzantine architecture was a
continuation and refinement of Roman
styles and techniques.
 The basilica plan continued i...
At its height, the Byzantine empire covered an area from Rome through southeastern Europe
and Asia Minor, down to Egypt an...
 The Byzantine empire hoped to preserve Greek and Roman culture and also strongly influenced
the first Russian state. As ...
 By 330, the emperor Constantine, had built a new capital city in
Constantinople on the site of the Greek city Byzantium....
 The Byzantine empire reached its peak under the emperor Justinian.
Justinian was a autocratic ruler, or single ruler wit...
 Location : Istanbul , Turkey
 Dimensions : 82 x 73 x 55 m
 Style of construction :
Byzantine
 King const. :- Justinia...
Hagia Sophia
Plan :-
 Byzantine churches are all
distinguished by a great
central square space covered
with a dome, supported by
means...
Details Byzantine Architecture
Column Walls Openings
In the earlier buildings, these were
taken from
ancient structures, w...
Byzantine ornamentation of capitals
Printing Capital Carving Capital Embossing Capital
Byzantine Art :
o Byzantine artists also developed Mosaics, pictures or designs formed by inlaid pieces of stone or other materials.
Mosai...
 In the area of art, the Byzantine empire made great contributions. Icons were
images of Jesus, the Virgin Mary and other...
Emperor Justinian became known for his collection of
ancient laws known as Justinian’s Code. This written
set of laws beca...
Hippodrome
 Held 60,000 spectators
 Wild chariot races and
circus acts
 Site of the Nika revolt in
532 C.E.
 Hippodrom...
Early christian and byzantine architecture @ Dennis
Early christian and byzantine architecture @ Dennis
Early christian and byzantine architecture @ Dennis
Early christian and byzantine architecture @ Dennis
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Early christian and byzantine architecture @ Dennis

1,803 views

Published on

History of Architecture @ Dennis

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Early christian and byzantine architecture @ Dennis

  1. 1. Influences of Christian Archie. :- Geographical The position of Rome as he center of a world wide empire was an important factor .All roads lead to Rome and Christianity to become universal . Geological The quarry of the ruins of roman buildings influenced the architectural treatment of the style , both in regard to construction and decoration . Religion History presents no phenomenon so striking as the rise of Christianity, which spread so rapidly that in a very short period it was diffused throughout the whole civilized world.
  2. 2. Characteristics  Roman temples which were now rendered useless for their original purpose were utilized for the new faith and in addition new churches built on the model of the old roman basilicas and formed of columns and other features from pagan buildings were erected , these are known as basilican churches.  Basilican churches were often situated over the entrances to their former hiding
  3. 3. EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE  Early Christian meeting places were actually set-up in preexisting apartments or homes  These locations were known as titilus  Most were rebuilt into full scale churches  Best known early Christian architecture are the burial places, known as catacombs  Early Christians were quite poor  Burial was provided in individual “shelf” tombs or private family chambers  Usually located beneath churches BACKGROUND Roman Empire – 3rd Century Christianity EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE Titulus Catacombs Martyria
  4. 4. Vault , Dome , Arches Vault A roof In the form of an arch or a series of arches, typical of churches and other large , formal buildings.. Dome A rounded vault forming the roof of a building or structure typically with a circular base Arches A curved symmetrical structure spanning an opening and typically supporting the weight of a bridge , roof , or a wall about it.
  5. 5. Squinches :-  It is a construction filling in the upper angles of square room so as to form a base to receive an octagonal or spherical dome
  6. 6.  Building Domes  They used triangular transition features from four massive support piers to a drum and then to the shallow dome above.
  7. 7.  1)The latter diameter was sometimes used and the sides of the dome cut off vertically so that the square was perfectly covered but the result was imperfect dome.  2) To secure a perfect dome the byzantine builders conceived the idea of slicing the imperfect dome off horizontally just above the arches made by vertical cutting .  3)The triangular segments of the original dome are the pendentives .
  8. 8. Arches Segmental Corbelled Pointed
  9. 9. The Basilican Church of S. Clemente , ROME Characteristics  Location :- Rome  Affiliation :- Roman Catholic  Const. :- 1108-1123  Dimensions:- 45*25*13 M  Dedicated to pope clement 1
  10. 10. Basilican church of S. Paul . ROME Characteristic  Location :- Rome, Italy  Const. :- 4th cent – 1823 A.D.  Dimensions :- 150*80*30M  Founded by:- Emperor Constantine 1
  11. 11. Basilican church of S . Maria ROME Characteristics  Location :- Rome , ITALY  Affiliation :- Roman Catholic church  Dimensions:- 92*80*75M  Leadership:- Santos Abril Castello
  12. 12. S . Stefano Rotondo , ROME Characteristics  Location :- Rome , Italy  Affiliation :- Roman catholic  Leadership:- Friedrich wetter  Dimension :- 80*45*20M
  13. 13. Details Christian Architecture Plan The early Christians adopted the Basilican model for their churches but in addition the halls, baths ,dwelling -houses, and even the pagan temples were used for places of worship. An isolated circular church, used as a baptistery,1 was generally attached to the chief Basilica or cathedral. Walls:-These were still constructed according to the Roman methods, rubble or concrete walling being used, faced with plaster, brick, or stone. Mosaic was used internally, and sometimes externally on the west facades for decorative purposes. Openings :-Doors, windows, and niches were generally spanned by a semicircular arch, the use of the lintel being dispensed with. The window openings were small Roofs. Wooden roofs, covered the central nave, simple forms of construction such as King and Queen post trusses being employed.. These roofs were ceiled in some ornamental manner Columns : They are often of different design and size, being mostly from earlier Roman buildings which had fallen into ruins &kt were purposely destroyed. It was natural that the early Christian builders, not being good craftsmen themselves, should use in their buildings the materials and ornaments which had been left by the pagan Roman.
  14. 14. BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE  New Symbolic Architecture  500 AD Western Empire in ruins  Shift to Byzantine Architecture  Christianity based on worship of “Otherworldly” things  Ideal Church  Central plan and dome  Circular dome over square plan  Pendentive Domes  “Sail Vault”  Spherical triangles
  15. 15.  Byzantine architecture was a continuation and refinement of Roman styles and techniques.  The basilica plan continued in use – as in the Church of S. Apollinare in Classe, Ravenna.
  16. 16. At its height, the Byzantine empire covered an area from Rome through southeastern Europe and Asia Minor, down to Egypt and across North Africa.
  17. 17.  The Byzantine empire hoped to preserve Greek and Roman culture and also strongly influenced the first Russian state. As Russia traded with the Byzantine empire, the Byzantines influenced both Russian and eastern European development.
  18. 18.  By 330, the emperor Constantine, had built a new capital city in Constantinople on the site of the Greek city Byzantium. The Byzantine empire arose from this site.
  19. 19.  The Byzantine empire reached its peak under the emperor Justinian. Justinian was a autocratic ruler, or single ruler with complete authority.
  20. 20.  Location : Istanbul , Turkey  Dimensions : 82 x 73 x 55 m  Style of construction : Byzantine  King const. :- Justinian  Internally covered with mosaics and marble pillars .  Contains two floors centered on a giant nave that has a great dome ceiling along with smaller domes towering above.  In its 1400 years of life span it has served itself as Cathedral , mosque and now as museum.
  21. 21. Hagia Sophia
  22. 22. Plan :-  Byzantine churches are all distinguished by a great central square space covered with a dome, supported by means of pendentives, shown in On each side extend short arms, forming a Greek cross, which with the narthex and side galleries make the plan nearly square The narthex was placed within the main walls.
  23. 23. Details Byzantine Architecture Column Walls Openings In the earlier buildings, these were taken from ancient structures, which not being so numerous in the East as in the neighborhood of Rome, the supply was sooner exhausted ; and thus there was an incentive to design fresh ones. Capitals sometimes took a form derived from the Roman Ionic or Corinthian types These were often constructed of brick. Internally, all the oriental love of magnificence was developed, marble casing and mosaic being applied to the walls ; hence a flat treatment and absence of moldings prevailed. Externally the buildings were left comparatively plain, although the facade was sometimes relieved by alternate rows of stone and brick, in various colors. Doors and windows are semicircular headed but segmental and horse- shoe/ arched openings are sometimes seen. The windows are small and grouped together Portions of the windows are occasionally filled with thin slabs of translucent marble
  24. 24. Byzantine ornamentation of capitals Printing Capital Carving Capital Embossing Capital
  25. 25. Byzantine Art :
  26. 26. o Byzantine artists also developed Mosaics, pictures or designs formed by inlaid pieces of stone or other materials. Mosaics often displayed religious themes.
  27. 27.  In the area of art, the Byzantine empire made great contributions. Icons were images of Jesus, the Virgin Mary and others. These icons were supposed the create the sense that the holy person was actually present.
  28. 28. Emperor Justinian became known for his collection of ancient laws known as Justinian’s Code. This written set of laws became the basis today’s international laws.
  29. 29. Hippodrome  Held 60,000 spectators  Wild chariot races and circus acts  Site of the Nika revolt in 532 C.E.  Hippodrome comes from Greek words meaning “horse” and “racecourse”

×