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Nonverbal communication

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Nonverbal communication
Nonverbal communication
 Introduction ( the importance of nonverbal
communication)
 How appearance communicates
 How Body Language communicates
 How silence, time, and space communicate
Nonverbal communication
Is it possible to communicate without
words?
Studies show that over half of your message
is carried through nonverbal elements:
 Your appearance
 Your body language
 The tone and
 the pace of your voice.
We know the importance of “first
impression”
But first impressions happen everytime we
initiate the communication.
Before someone processes our verbal
messages,
 She has taken in our appearance,
 Registered our enthusiasm and sincerety
 Noted our tone of voice and processed all
into nonverbal message.

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Nonverbal communication

  • 3.  Introduction ( the importance of nonverbal communication)  How appearance communicates  How Body Language communicates  How silence, time, and space communicate
  • 5. Is it possible to communicate without words? Studies show that over half of your message is carried through nonverbal elements:  Your appearance  Your body language  The tone and  the pace of your voice.
  • 6. We know the importance of “first impression” But first impressions happen everytime we initiate the communication. Before someone processes our verbal messages,  She has taken in our appearance,  Registered our enthusiasm and sincerety  Noted our tone of voice and processed all into nonverbal message.
  • 7.  If the message reinforce the content of verbal one, it means we send a powerful message.  If the two messages do not match, they may cancel each other and that means no messages delivered.  Nonverbal communication part of this training is for learning how to create a powerfull nonverbal message that will support your verbal content.
  • 8. We also communicate nonverbally--- without words. Sometimes nonverbal messages contradict the verbal: often they express feelings more accurately than the spoken or written language.
  • 9.  Effect on written messages  Effect on oral messages
  • 10. First impression includes:  Dress & grooming  Voice  Handshake  Eye contact  Body posture
  • 11. Positive first impression make communications much easier and more comfortable. Negative first impressions can cut off a relationship before it gets started. Many people give up rather than trying to reverse the other people’s negative impression.
  • 12.  Accent,  Monotone and weak voice, poor vocabulary  Cold, limp handshake  Lower quality, with inappropriate coloures, messy dressing style, dirty shoes  Seldom eyecontact  Poor posture, bad hygiene creates a barrier.
  • 13. The format, neatness, and language of a written message sends a nonverbal message to the reader.
  • 14.  Personal Appearance  Appearance of surroundings
  • 15. Depth of knowledge: in the area of expertise  This refers how well you know your subject?  How well do you know your company?  Does the depth of your knowledge project credibility and command respect from your employees or do they say “I could do her job as well as she can”  As a part of your image learn your job, company, industry, firm’s policies, personnel
  • 16. Breadth of Knowledge: This area deals with your ability to converse with others in fields of outside area of expertise. The latest development in world events? Popular books and movies? Arts? Hobbies? Different interest areas? Touristic experiences?
  • 17. For increasing breadth of your knowledge it is recommended:  to spend the nonproductive time as driving, doing home responsibilities with listening radio, watching TV plus reading weekly magazines,  reading daily newspapers and min. 4 different books yearly and  interacting with others, listening to them
  • 19. Facial Expressions Gestures, postures, and movement Smell & Touch Voice & Sounds
  • 20. The face is one of the most reliable indicators of a person’s attitudes, emotions & feelings By analysing facial expressions, interpersonal attitudes can be discerned and feedback obtained. Some people try to hide their true emotions. The term Poker Face describes them.
  • 21. Common facial gestures are: Frowns: unhappiness, anger Smiles: happiness Sneers: dislike, disgust Clenched jaws: tension, anger Pouting lips: sadness.
  • 22. Windows of the soul, excellent indicators of feelings. Shifty eyes, beady eyes and look of steel demonstrate awareness. Honest person has a tendency to look you straight in the eye when speaking. At least listeners accept it like that.
  • 23. People avoid eye contact with other person when an uncomfortable question asked. Try to reduce tension and build trust rather than increase tension. The raising of one eyebrow shows disbelief and also shows surprise. People are classified as right lookers and leftlookers. Right lookers are more influenced by logic and precision, left lookers are found to be more emotional, subjective and suggestible.
  • 24. Body language and nonverbal communication are transmitted through the eyes, face, hands, arms, legs and posture (sitting and walking) Each individual, isolated gesture is like a word in sentence; it is difficult and isolated dangerous to interpret in and of itself. Therefore consider the gesture in the light of everything else that is going on around you.
  • 25. Tightly clenched hands usually indicate that the person is experiencing undue pressure. It may be difficult to relate to this person because of his tension and disagreement. Superiority and authority are usually indicated when you are standing and joining your hands behind your back.
  • 26. Rubing gently behind or beside the ear with the index finger or rubbing the eye usually means the other person is uncertain about what you are saying. Leaning back with both hands supporting the head usually indicates a feeling of confidence or superiority.
  • 27. Cupping one or both hands over the mouth, especially when talking, may well indicate that the person is trying to hide something Putting your hand to your cheek or stroking your chin generally portrays thinking, interest or consideration. Fingers bent across the chin or below the mouth most often shows critical evaluation.
  • 28. Crossed arms tend to signal defensiveness. They seemingly act as a protective guard against an anticipated attack or a fixed position which the other person would rather not move. Conversely, arms open and extended toward you generally indicate openness and acceptance.
  • 29. Crossed legs tend to seem disagreement. People who tightly cross their legs seem to be saying that they disagree with what you are saying or doing. If the people have tightly crossed legs and tightly crossed arms, their inner attitude is usually one of extreme negativity toward what is going on around them. It may be difficult to get agreement.
  • 30. Sitting with your legs crossed and elevated foot moving in a slight circular motion indicates boredom or impatience. Interest and involvement are usually projected by sitting on the edge of the chair and leaning slightly forward. Generally, people who walk fast and swing their arms freely tend to know what they want and to go after that.
  • 31. People who walk with their shoulders hunched and hands in their pockets tend to be secretive and critical. They don’t seem to like much of what is going on around them. Dejected people usually scuffle along with their hands in pockets, heads down, and shoulders hunched over. People who are preoccupied or thinking, usually walk with their heads down, hands clasped behind their backs and pace very slowly.
  • 32. Certain combinations of gestures are especially reliable indicators of a person’s true feelings. These combinations are clusters. Each gesture is dependent to others, so analysis of a person’s body language is based on a series of signals to ensure that the body language clearly and accurately understood.
  • 33. Several gestures indicate openness and sincerety  Open hands,  unbuttoned coal or collar,  leaning slightly forward in the chair,  removing coat or jacket,  uncrossing arms and legs,  moving closer
  • 34. When people are proud of what they have done, they usually show their hands quite openly. When they are not often put their hands into their pockets, or hide back When people show signals of openness that means they are generally beginning very comfortable in your presence which is good.
  • 35. People who are defensive usually have  a rigid body,  arms or legs tightly crossed,  eyes glancing sideways or darting occasionaly.  minimal eye contact  lips pursed, fists clenched and downcast head
  • 36. Evaluation gestures say that the other person is being thoughtful or is considering what you are saying. Sometimes in a friendly way sometimes in an unfriendly way. Typical evaluation gestures include  tilted head,  hand to cheek,  leaning forward and  chin stroking
  • 37. Sometimes evaluation gestures take on a critical aspect. The body is more drawn back The hand is to the face but the chin is in the palm of the hand with one finger going up the cheek and the other fingers positioned below the mouth. This is generally an unfavorable gesture.
  • 38. To gain time for evaluating the situation people use cigarette or pipe smoking habits, removing eyeglasses. A final negative evaluation gesture is dropping his eyeglasses to the lower bridge of noise and peering over them. This gesture usually causes a negative emotional overreaction in other people.
  • 39. These negative emotions are communicated typically by: Sideways glances Minimal or no eye contact Shifting the body away from the speaker Touching or rubbing the nose.
  • 40. When a person do not want to look at you it could mean he is being secretive, has private feelings in opposition to what you are saying or hiding something. A sideway glances means suspicion and doubt. Shifting your body from someone means you wish to end the conversation, meeting etc. Touching nose may indicate doubt or concealment
  • 41. Readiness is related to the goal- oriented high achiever with a concern for getting things done. It communicates dedication to a goal and is usually communicated by sitting forward at the edge of a chair. This may negatively give the appearence of being overly anxious also.
  • 42. Clearing one’s throat, Chain smoking. Covering the mouth with hand, Tapping fingers Whistling, Jingling pocket change Fidgeting Twitching lips or face
  • 43. These unproductive feelings are usually conveyed by the  Drumming of fingers  Cupping the head in the palm of the hand,  Foot swinging  Brushing or picking a lint  Looking at your watch or the exit.
  • 44. This is an emotion hat you love to see in other people and they in you. It is conveyed by  A small upper or inward smile  Hands open and arms extended outward  Eyes wide an alert  A lively and bouncy walk  A lively and well-modulated voice.