SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 16
Download to read offline
© OECD/IEA 2017
London, 14 November 2017
© OECD/IEA 2017
Tipping the energy world off its axis
 Four large-scale upheavals in global energy set the scene for the new Outlook:
 The United States is turning into the undisputed global leader for oil & gas
 Solar PV is on track to be the cheapest source of new electricity in many countries
 China’s new drive to “make the skies blue again” is recasting its role in energy
 The future is electrifying, spurred by cooling, electric vehicles & digitalisation
 These changes brighten the prospects for affordable, sustainable energy &
require a reappraisal of approaches to energy security
 There are many possible pathways ahead & many potential pitfalls if
governments or industry misread the signs of change
© OECD/IEA 2017
India takes the lead, as China energy growth slows
Change in energy demand, 2016-40 (Mtoe)
Old ways of understanding the world of energy are losing value as countries change roles:
India
1 005
420
Southeast
Asia
China
790
United States
-30
Japan
-50
Europe
-200
270Central and
South America
485
Africa
135 Eurasia
480
Middle
East
the Middle East is fast becoming a major energy consumer & the United States a major exporter
© OECD/IEA 2017
Low-carbon sources & natural gas meet 85% of the increase in global demand:
Change in world energy demand by fuel
Coal (Mtce)
500
1 000
1 500
2 000
2 500
Oil (mb/d)
6
12
18
24
30
1990-2016 2016-40
Gas (bcm)
400
800
1 200
1 600
2 000
1990-2016 2016-40
Low-carbon (Mtoe)
400
800
1 200
1 600
2 000
1990-2016 2016-401990-2016 2016-40
A world in motion..
© OECD/IEA 2017
Change in world energy demand by fuel
Low-carbon sources & natural gas meet 85% of the increase in global demand:
Coal (Mtce)
0
500
1 000
1 500
2 000
2 500
- 500
1990-2016 2016-40
Oil (mb/d)
6
12
18
24
30
1990-2016 2016-40
Gas (bcm)
400
800
1 200
1 600
2 000
1990-2016 2016-40
Low-carbon (Mtoe)
400
800
1 200
1 600
2 000
1990-2016 2016-40
China’s switch to a new economic model & a cleaner energy mix drives global trends
Other countriesChina
.. as China moves global energy markets, again
© OECD/IEA 2017
Solar PV forges ahead in the global power mix
Global average annual net capacity additions by type
China, India & the US lead the charge for solar PV, while Europe is a frontrunner for onshore &
offshore wind: rising shares of solar & wind require more flexibility to match power demand & supply
Renewables
Nuclear
Gas
Coal
Renewables
Nuclear
Gas
Coal
20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160GW
2010-2016
2017-2040
Solar PV Wind
Solar PV Wind Other
Other
© OECD/IEA 2017
The future is electrifying
Electricity generation by selected region
India adds the equivalent of today’s European Union to its electricity generation by 2040,
Middle East
2 000 4 000 6 000 8 000 10 000
Africa
Southeast Asia
European Union
India
United States
China
TWh
2016 Growth to 2040
Sources of global
electricity demand growth
Industrial
motors
Cooling
Large
appliances
Connected
& small
appliances
Electric vehicles
Other
while China adds the equivalent of today’s United States
© OECD/IEA 2017
Electric cars are helping to transform energy use for passenger cars, slowing the pace of growth in
global oil demand: however, trucks, aviation, shipping & petrochemicals keep oil on a rising trend
Electric cars are helping to transform energy use for passenger cars, slowing the pace of growth in
global oil demand: however, trucks, aviation, shipping & petrochemicals keep oil on a rising trendhowever, trucks, aviation, shipping & petrochemicals keep oil on a rising trend
EVs are on the way, but oil demand still keeps rising
Electric car fleet
100
200
300
2016 2025 2040
Millioncars
Other countries
United States
India
European Union
China
Passenger cars
Other sectors
Change in global oil demand
4
8
12
16
Petrochemicals
Aviation and shipping
Trucks
mb/d
- 4
2016-2040
0
© OECD/IEA 2017
25
30
35
US becomes undisputed leader of oil & gas production
Oil and gas production in the United States
The US is already switching to become a net exporter of gas & becomes a net exporter of oil
in the 2020s, helped also by the demand-side impact of fuel efficiency & fuel switching
5
10
15
20
1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040
mboe/d Shale oil
Shale gas
Other unconventionals
Conventional oil & gas
© OECD/IEA 2017
706 bcm in 2016
Asia’s growing gas import requirements are largely met by LNG,
with exports from the US accelerating a shift towards a more flexible, liquid global market
LNG ushers in a new global gas order
Global gas trade
39% shipped by LNG
1 230 bcm in 2040
59% shipped by LNG
© OECD/IEA 2017
706 bcm in 2016
Asia’s growing gas import requirements are largely met by LNG,
with exports from the US accelerating a shift towards a more flexible, liquid global market
LNG ushers in a new global gas order
1 230 bcm in 2040
Australia
Russia
& Caspian
Middle
East
Other
Africa
US &
Canada
Australia
Russia
& Caspian
Middle
East Other
AfricaUS
& Canada
Gas exporters
© OECD/IEA 2017
706 bcm in 2016
Global gas trade
Asia’s growing gas import requirements are largely met by LNG,
with exports from the US accelerating a shift towards a more flexible, liquid global market
LNG ushers in a new global gas order
Gas exportersGas importers
1 230 bcm in 2040
Asia
37%
Europe
52%
Other
Asia
60%
Europe
35%
Other
© OECD/IEA 2017
A new strategy for energy & sustainable development
Sustainable
Development
Scenario
The Sustainable Development Scenario reduces CO2 emissions in line with the objectives of the
Paris Agreement, while also tackling air pollution and achieving universal energy access
New Policies Scenario
Sustainable Development Scenario
Global CO2 emissions by scenario
10
20
30
40
2000 2010 2020 2030 2040Gt
© OECD/IEA 2017
Stronger policies for a more sustainable world
580bcm
additional gas demand
2times
more efficient
than today
3250GW
global solar PV capacity
875million electric
vehicles
Only 15% additional investment is required to 2040 to achieve the Sustainable Development Scenario,
with two-thirds of energy supply investment going to electricity generation & networks
The Sustainable Development Scenario in 2040
© OECD/IEA 2017
Conclusions
 The oil & gas boom in the United States is shaking up the established order, with major
implications for markets, trade flows, investment & energy security
 The versatility of natural gas means that it is well placed to grow, but it cannot afford
price spikes or uncertainty over methane leaks
 China continues to shape global trends, but in new ways as its “energy revolution”
drives cost reductions for a wide range of clean energy technologies
 Our strategy for sustainable energy shows that concerted action to address climate
change is fully compatible with global goals on universal access & air quality
 Electrification & digitalisation are the future for many parts of the global energy system,
creating new opportunities but also risks that policy makers have to address
© OECD/IEA 2017
iea.org/weo

More Related Content

What's hot

Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017
Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017
Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017
International Energy Agency
 

What's hot (20)

Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017
Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017
Webinar: Energy Access Outlook 2017
 
Global energy prospects and their implications for Indonesia
Global energy prospects and their implications for IndonesiaGlobal energy prospects and their implications for Indonesia
Global energy prospects and their implications for Indonesia
 
Webinar: The Sustainable Development Scenario, World Energy Outlook 2017
Webinar: The Sustainable Development Scenario, World Energy Outlook 2017Webinar: The Sustainable Development Scenario, World Energy Outlook 2017
Webinar: The Sustainable Development Scenario, World Energy Outlook 2017
 
Energy Efficient Future
Energy Efficient FutureEnergy Efficient Future
Energy Efficient Future
 
A sustainable & secure transition to a low carbon future
A sustainable & secure transition to a low carbon futureA sustainable & secure transition to a low carbon future
A sustainable & secure transition to a low carbon future
 
WEO-2018 Electricity Webinar
WEO-2018 Electricity WebinarWEO-2018 Electricity Webinar
WEO-2018 Electricity Webinar
 
Webinar: Digitalization & Energy
Webinar:  Digitalization & EnergyWebinar:  Digitalization & Energy
Webinar: Digitalization & Energy
 
Low carbon Transition in the Cement Industry
Low carbon Transition in the Cement IndustryLow carbon Transition in the Cement Industry
Low carbon Transition in the Cement Industry
 
The Global Low-Carbon Energy Transition
The Global Low-Carbon Energy TransitionThe Global Low-Carbon Energy Transition
The Global Low-Carbon Energy Transition
 
World Energy Investment Launch Presentation - 14th May 2019
World Energy Investment Launch Presentation - 14th May 2019World Energy Investment Launch Presentation - 14th May 2019
World Energy Investment Launch Presentation - 14th May 2019
 
Water and the Sustainable Development Scenario
Water and the Sustainable Development ScenarioWater and the Sustainable Development Scenario
Water and the Sustainable Development Scenario
 
Global energy markets: today & tomorrow
Global energy markets: today & tomorrowGlobal energy markets: today & tomorrow
Global energy markets: today & tomorrow
 
The LNG opportunity for Europe
The LNG opportunity for EuropeThe LNG opportunity for Europe
The LNG opportunity for Europe
 
Oil 2018 slide deck
Oil 2018 slide deckOil 2018 slide deck
Oil 2018 slide deck
 
World Energy Investment 2017
World Energy Investment 2017World Energy Investment 2017
World Energy Investment 2017
 
Webinar on the Outlook for Fuels, 23rd November 2018
Webinar on the Outlook for Fuels, 23rd November 2018Webinar on the Outlook for Fuels, 23rd November 2018
Webinar on the Outlook for Fuels, 23rd November 2018
 
2017 Melchett Lecture
2017 Melchett Lecture2017 Melchett Lecture
2017 Melchett Lecture
 
Natural gas and LNG in the Future of Global Energy
Natural gas and LNG in the Future of Global EnergyNatural gas and LNG in the Future of Global Energy
Natural gas and LNG in the Future of Global Energy
 
MEXIREC Ministerial
MEXIREC MinisterialMEXIREC Ministerial
MEXIREC Ministerial
 
What role will nuclear power play in meeting energy security and climate goals?
What role will nuclear power play in meeting energy security and climate goals?What role will nuclear power play in meeting energy security and climate goals?
What role will nuclear power play in meeting energy security and climate goals?
 

Viewers also liked

Türkiye'nin Enerji Görünümü
Türkiye'nin Enerji GörünümüTürkiye'nin Enerji Görünümü
Türkiye'nin Enerji Görünümü
Ali Osman Öncel
 
A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...
A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...
A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...
SlideShare
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Renewables 2017
Renewables 2017Renewables 2017
Renewables 2017
 
Energy Efficiency 2017: Launch Presentation
Energy Efficiency 2017: Launch PresentationEnergy Efficiency 2017: Launch Presentation
Energy Efficiency 2017: Launch Presentation
 
Webinar : Oil and gas methane emissions
Webinar : Oil and gas methane emissionsWebinar : Oil and gas methane emissions
Webinar : Oil and gas methane emissions
 
Energy Technology Perspectives 2017
Energy Technology Perspectives 2017Energy Technology Perspectives 2017
Energy Technology Perspectives 2017
 
Shell LNG Outlook - February 2017
Shell LNG Outlook - February 2017Shell LNG Outlook - February 2017
Shell LNG Outlook - February 2017
 
LNG reshaping the global gas market
LNG reshaping the global gas marketLNG reshaping the global gas market
LNG reshaping the global gas market
 
Energy Efficiency 2017 : Launch Presentation
Energy Efficiency 2017 : Launch PresentationEnergy Efficiency 2017 : Launch Presentation
Energy Efficiency 2017 : Launch Presentation
 
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group III
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group IIIFifth Assessment Report - Working Group III
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group III
 
How's Life 2017 - Key Findings
How's Life 2017 - Key FindingsHow's Life 2017 - Key Findings
How's Life 2017 - Key Findings
 
Calculo De Costos
Calculo De CostosCalculo De Costos
Calculo De Costos
 
Türkiye'nin Enerji Görünümü
Türkiye'nin Enerji GörünümüTürkiye'nin Enerji Görünümü
Türkiye'nin Enerji Görünümü
 
JRC-EU-TIMES updates and outlook
JRC-EU-TIMES updates and outlookJRC-EU-TIMES updates and outlook
JRC-EU-TIMES updates and outlook
 
Evaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEU
Evaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEUEvaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEU
Evaluation of the role of energy storages in Europe with TIMES PanEU
 
70 Years Of VC Innovation
70 Years Of VC Innovation70 Years Of VC Innovation
70 Years Of VC Innovation
 
Electric Car Wars - Who will win the race between BEVs, PHEVs, and FCEVs?
Electric Car Wars - Who will win the race between BEVs, PHEVs, and FCEVs?Electric Car Wars - Who will win the race between BEVs, PHEVs, and FCEVs?
Electric Car Wars - Who will win the race between BEVs, PHEVs, and FCEVs?
 
Fifth Assessment Report - Synthesis Report
Fifth Assessment Report - Synthesis ReportFifth Assessment Report - Synthesis Report
Fifth Assessment Report - Synthesis Report
 
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group I
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group IFifth Assessment Report - Working Group I
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group I
 
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group II
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group IIFifth Assessment Report - Working Group II
Fifth Assessment Report - Working Group II
 
Solar mango corporate presentation
Solar mango   corporate presentationSolar mango   corporate presentation
Solar mango corporate presentation
 
A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...
A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...
A Guide to SlideShare Analytics - Excerpts from Hubspot's Step by Step Guide ...
 

Similar to World Energy Outlook, 2017

Similar to World Energy Outlook, 2017 (20)

IEA World Energy Outlook 2017 (12.8.2017)
IEA World Energy Outlook 2017 (12.8.2017)IEA World Energy Outlook 2017 (12.8.2017)
IEA World Energy Outlook 2017 (12.8.2017)
 
WEO 2017: China
WEO 2017: ChinaWEO 2017: China
WEO 2017: China
 
Webinar: Outlook for Fossil Fuels
Webinar: Outlook for Fossil FuelsWebinar: Outlook for Fossil Fuels
Webinar: Outlook for Fossil Fuels
 
Global Energy Markets in Transition: Implications for the economy, environmen...
Global Energy Markets in Transition: Implications for the economy, environmen...Global Energy Markets in Transition: Implications for the economy, environmen...
Global Energy Markets in Transition: Implications for the economy, environmen...
 
World Energy Outlook 2014 by Dr. Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the the Inte...
World Energy Outlook 2014 by Dr. Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the the Inte...World Energy Outlook 2014 by Dr. Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the the Inte...
World Energy Outlook 2014 by Dr. Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the the Inte...
 
World Energy Outlook 2014 - Dr. Fatih BIROL
World Energy Outlook 2014 - Dr. Fatih BIROLWorld Energy Outlook 2014 - Dr. Fatih BIROL
World Energy Outlook 2014 - Dr. Fatih BIROL
 
IEA World Energy Outlook 2015 presentation
IEA World Energy Outlook 2015 presentationIEA World Energy Outlook 2015 presentation
IEA World Energy Outlook 2015 presentation
 
IEA World Energy Outlook 2015 Presentation
IEA World Energy Outlook 2015 PresentationIEA World Energy Outlook 2015 Presentation
IEA World Energy Outlook 2015 Presentation
 
World Energy Outlook 2015: Presentation to Press
World Energy Outlook 2015: Presentation to PressWorld Energy Outlook 2015: Presentation to Press
World Energy Outlook 2015: Presentation to Press
 
Energy Markets: Today and Tomorrow
Energy Markets: Today and TomorrowEnergy Markets: Today and Tomorrow
Energy Markets: Today and Tomorrow
 
World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2015
World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2015World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2015
World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2015
 
OECD Parliamentary Days 2016 - World Energy Outlook
OECD Parliamentary Days 2016 - World Energy OutlookOECD Parliamentary Days 2016 - World Energy Outlook
OECD Parliamentary Days 2016 - World Energy Outlook
 
World Energy Outlook 2013
World Energy Outlook 2013 World Energy Outlook 2013
World Energy Outlook 2013
 
World Energy Outlook 2013 by Dr Fatih Birol, IEA Chief Economist
World Energy Outlook 2013 by Dr Fatih Birol, IEA Chief EconomistWorld Energy Outlook 2013 by Dr Fatih Birol, IEA Chief Economist
World Energy Outlook 2013 by Dr Fatih Birol, IEA Chief Economist
 
CCXG March 2019 Laura Cozzi IEA Insights Flagship Products
CCXG March 2019 Laura Cozzi IEA Insights Flagship ProductsCCXG March 2019 Laura Cozzi IEA Insights Flagship Products
CCXG March 2019 Laura Cozzi IEA Insights Flagship Products
 
Autumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. Mr. Ian Cronshaw
Autumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. Mr. Ian CronshawAutumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. Mr. Ian Cronshaw
Autumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. Mr. Ian Cronshaw
 
Weo2010 london nov9
Weo2010 london nov9Weo2010 london nov9
Weo2010 london nov9
 
World Energy Outlook 2010 London Nov9
World Energy Outlook 2010 London Nov9World Energy Outlook 2010 London Nov9
World Energy Outlook 2010 London Nov9
 
World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2014
World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2014World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2014
World Energy Outlook - Parliamentary Days 2014
 
ASEAN Meeting of Energy Ministers in 2018
ASEAN Meeting of Energy Ministers in 2018ASEAN Meeting of Energy Ministers in 2018
ASEAN Meeting of Energy Ministers in 2018
 

More from International Energy Agency

More from International Energy Agency (11)

IEA Executive Director Presentation to G20 Energy Ministers Session
IEA Executive Director Presentation to G20 Energy Ministers SessionIEA Executive Director Presentation to G20 Energy Ministers Session
IEA Executive Director Presentation to G20 Energy Ministers Session
 
Energy Efficiency 2018 - South African Webinar
Energy Efficiency 2018 - South African Webinar Energy Efficiency 2018 - South African Webinar
Energy Efficiency 2018 - South African Webinar
 
Webinar on Sustainable Development Scenario
Webinar on Sustainable Development ScenarioWebinar on Sustainable Development Scenario
Webinar on Sustainable Development Scenario
 
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Portuguese version)
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Portuguese version)IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Portuguese version)
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Portuguese version)
 
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Spanish version)
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Spanish version)IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Spanish version)
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018 (Spanish version)
 
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018
IEA Webinar: Energy Efficiency Market Report 2018
 
Producer Economies Webinar
Producer Economies WebinarProducer Economies Webinar
Producer Economies Webinar
 
Hydrogen: Accelerating & Expanding Deployment
Hydrogen: Accelerating & Expanding Deployment Hydrogen: Accelerating & Expanding Deployment
Hydrogen: Accelerating & Expanding Deployment
 
LNG: Driving global gas growth & improving flexibility
LNG: Driving global gas growth & improving flexibilityLNG: Driving global gas growth & improving flexibility
LNG: Driving global gas growth & improving flexibility
 
Low carbon Transition in the Cement Industry
Low carbon Transition in the Cement IndustryLow carbon Transition in the Cement Industry
Low carbon Transition in the Cement Industry
 
Oil 2018 - Launch Presentation
Oil 2018 - Launch PresentationOil 2018 - Launch Presentation
Oil 2018 - Launch Presentation
 

Recently uploaded

PPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdf
PPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdfPPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdf
PPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdf
Kalkaye
 
一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
yonemuk
 

Recently uploaded (20)

how can I sell my pi coins in the United States at the best price
how can I sell my pi coins in the United States at the best pricehow can I sell my pi coins in the United States at the best price
how can I sell my pi coins in the United States at the best price
 
PPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdf
PPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdfPPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdf
PPT- Chapter 5- Cost Allocation presentation pdf
 
一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版UO毕业证渥太华大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
 
Isios-2024-Professional-Independent-Trustee-Survey.pdf
Isios-2024-Professional-Independent-Trustee-Survey.pdfIsios-2024-Professional-Independent-Trustee-Survey.pdf
Isios-2024-Professional-Independent-Trustee-Survey.pdf
 
how do I get a legit pi buyer in the internet (2024)
how do I get a legit pi buyer in the internet (2024)how do I get a legit pi buyer in the internet (2024)
how do I get a legit pi buyer in the internet (2024)
 
where can I purchase things with pi coins online
where can I purchase things with pi coins onlinewhere can I purchase things with pi coins online
where can I purchase things with pi coins online
 
how can i make money selling pi coins in 2024
how can i make money selling pi coins in 2024how can i make money selling pi coins in 2024
how can i make money selling pi coins in 2024
 
What is an ecosystem in crypto .pdf
What  is  an  ecosystem  in  crypto .pdfWhat  is  an  ecosystem  in  crypto .pdf
What is an ecosystem in crypto .pdf
 
How can I sell my pi coins in Indonesia?
How can I  sell my pi coins in Indonesia?How can I  sell my pi coins in Indonesia?
How can I sell my pi coins in Indonesia?
 
How do I unlock my locked Pi coins fast.
How do I unlock my locked Pi coins fast.How do I unlock my locked Pi coins fast.
How do I unlock my locked Pi coins fast.
 
Indirect tax .pptx Supply under GST, Charges of GST
Indirect tax .pptx  Supply under GST, Charges of GSTIndirect tax .pptx  Supply under GST, Charges of GST
Indirect tax .pptx Supply under GST, Charges of GST
 
Jio Financial service Multibagger 2024 from India stock Market
Jio Financial service  Multibagger 2024 from India stock MarketJio Financial service  Multibagger 2024 from India stock Market
Jio Financial service Multibagger 2024 from India stock Market
 
Bitcoin Masterclass TechweekNZ v3.1.pptx
Bitcoin Masterclass TechweekNZ v3.1.pptxBitcoin Masterclass TechweekNZ v3.1.pptx
Bitcoin Masterclass TechweekNZ v3.1.pptx
 
Can a Pi network coin ever be sold out: I am ready to sell mine.
Can a Pi network coin ever be sold out: I am ready to sell mine.Can a Pi network coin ever be sold out: I am ready to sell mine.
Can a Pi network coin ever be sold out: I am ready to sell mine.
 
how do i sell pi coins in Pakistan at the best rate.
how do i sell pi coins in Pakistan at the best rate.how do i sell pi coins in Pakistan at the best rate.
how do i sell pi coins in Pakistan at the best rate.
 
Fintech Belgium General Assembly and Anniversary Event 2024
Fintech Belgium General Assembly and Anniversary Event 2024Fintech Belgium General Assembly and Anniversary Event 2024
Fintech Belgium General Assembly and Anniversary Event 2024
 
Population Growth and Economic Development
Population Growth and  Economic DevelopmentPopulation Growth and  Economic Development
Population Growth and Economic Development
 
Abhay Bhutada’s Plan to Boost Financial Growth in 2024
Abhay Bhutada’s Plan to Boost Financial Growth in 2024Abhay Bhutada’s Plan to Boost Financial Growth in 2024
Abhay Bhutada’s Plan to Boost Financial Growth in 2024
 
Digital Finance Summit 2024 Partners Brochure
Digital Finance Summit 2024 Partners BrochureDigital Finance Summit 2024 Partners Brochure
Digital Finance Summit 2024 Partners Brochure
 
how can I transfer pi coins to someone in a different country.
how can I transfer pi coins to someone in a different country.how can I transfer pi coins to someone in a different country.
how can I transfer pi coins to someone in a different country.
 

World Energy Outlook, 2017

  • 1. © OECD/IEA 2017 London, 14 November 2017
  • 2. © OECD/IEA 2017 Tipping the energy world off its axis  Four large-scale upheavals in global energy set the scene for the new Outlook:  The United States is turning into the undisputed global leader for oil & gas  Solar PV is on track to be the cheapest source of new electricity in many countries  China’s new drive to “make the skies blue again” is recasting its role in energy  The future is electrifying, spurred by cooling, electric vehicles & digitalisation  These changes brighten the prospects for affordable, sustainable energy & require a reappraisal of approaches to energy security  There are many possible pathways ahead & many potential pitfalls if governments or industry misread the signs of change
  • 3. © OECD/IEA 2017 India takes the lead, as China energy growth slows Change in energy demand, 2016-40 (Mtoe) Old ways of understanding the world of energy are losing value as countries change roles: India 1 005 420 Southeast Asia China 790 United States -30 Japan -50 Europe -200 270Central and South America 485 Africa 135 Eurasia 480 Middle East the Middle East is fast becoming a major energy consumer & the United States a major exporter
  • 4. © OECD/IEA 2017 Low-carbon sources & natural gas meet 85% of the increase in global demand: Change in world energy demand by fuel Coal (Mtce) 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 2 500 Oil (mb/d) 6 12 18 24 30 1990-2016 2016-40 Gas (bcm) 400 800 1 200 1 600 2 000 1990-2016 2016-40 Low-carbon (Mtoe) 400 800 1 200 1 600 2 000 1990-2016 2016-401990-2016 2016-40 A world in motion..
  • 5. © OECD/IEA 2017 Change in world energy demand by fuel Low-carbon sources & natural gas meet 85% of the increase in global demand: Coal (Mtce) 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 2 500 - 500 1990-2016 2016-40 Oil (mb/d) 6 12 18 24 30 1990-2016 2016-40 Gas (bcm) 400 800 1 200 1 600 2 000 1990-2016 2016-40 Low-carbon (Mtoe) 400 800 1 200 1 600 2 000 1990-2016 2016-40 China’s switch to a new economic model & a cleaner energy mix drives global trends Other countriesChina .. as China moves global energy markets, again
  • 6. © OECD/IEA 2017 Solar PV forges ahead in the global power mix Global average annual net capacity additions by type China, India & the US lead the charge for solar PV, while Europe is a frontrunner for onshore & offshore wind: rising shares of solar & wind require more flexibility to match power demand & supply Renewables Nuclear Gas Coal Renewables Nuclear Gas Coal 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160GW 2010-2016 2017-2040 Solar PV Wind Solar PV Wind Other Other
  • 7. © OECD/IEA 2017 The future is electrifying Electricity generation by selected region India adds the equivalent of today’s European Union to its electricity generation by 2040, Middle East 2 000 4 000 6 000 8 000 10 000 Africa Southeast Asia European Union India United States China TWh 2016 Growth to 2040 Sources of global electricity demand growth Industrial motors Cooling Large appliances Connected & small appliances Electric vehicles Other while China adds the equivalent of today’s United States
  • 8. © OECD/IEA 2017 Electric cars are helping to transform energy use for passenger cars, slowing the pace of growth in global oil demand: however, trucks, aviation, shipping & petrochemicals keep oil on a rising trend Electric cars are helping to transform energy use for passenger cars, slowing the pace of growth in global oil demand: however, trucks, aviation, shipping & petrochemicals keep oil on a rising trendhowever, trucks, aviation, shipping & petrochemicals keep oil on a rising trend EVs are on the way, but oil demand still keeps rising Electric car fleet 100 200 300 2016 2025 2040 Millioncars Other countries United States India European Union China Passenger cars Other sectors Change in global oil demand 4 8 12 16 Petrochemicals Aviation and shipping Trucks mb/d - 4 2016-2040 0
  • 9. © OECD/IEA 2017 25 30 35 US becomes undisputed leader of oil & gas production Oil and gas production in the United States The US is already switching to become a net exporter of gas & becomes a net exporter of oil in the 2020s, helped also by the demand-side impact of fuel efficiency & fuel switching 5 10 15 20 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 mboe/d Shale oil Shale gas Other unconventionals Conventional oil & gas
  • 10. © OECD/IEA 2017 706 bcm in 2016 Asia’s growing gas import requirements are largely met by LNG, with exports from the US accelerating a shift towards a more flexible, liquid global market LNG ushers in a new global gas order Global gas trade 39% shipped by LNG 1 230 bcm in 2040 59% shipped by LNG
  • 11. © OECD/IEA 2017 706 bcm in 2016 Asia’s growing gas import requirements are largely met by LNG, with exports from the US accelerating a shift towards a more flexible, liquid global market LNG ushers in a new global gas order 1 230 bcm in 2040 Australia Russia & Caspian Middle East Other Africa US & Canada Australia Russia & Caspian Middle East Other AfricaUS & Canada Gas exporters
  • 12. © OECD/IEA 2017 706 bcm in 2016 Global gas trade Asia’s growing gas import requirements are largely met by LNG, with exports from the US accelerating a shift towards a more flexible, liquid global market LNG ushers in a new global gas order Gas exportersGas importers 1 230 bcm in 2040 Asia 37% Europe 52% Other Asia 60% Europe 35% Other
  • 13. © OECD/IEA 2017 A new strategy for energy & sustainable development Sustainable Development Scenario The Sustainable Development Scenario reduces CO2 emissions in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement, while also tackling air pollution and achieving universal energy access New Policies Scenario Sustainable Development Scenario Global CO2 emissions by scenario 10 20 30 40 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040Gt
  • 14. © OECD/IEA 2017 Stronger policies for a more sustainable world 580bcm additional gas demand 2times more efficient than today 3250GW global solar PV capacity 875million electric vehicles Only 15% additional investment is required to 2040 to achieve the Sustainable Development Scenario, with two-thirds of energy supply investment going to electricity generation & networks The Sustainable Development Scenario in 2040
  • 15. © OECD/IEA 2017 Conclusions  The oil & gas boom in the United States is shaking up the established order, with major implications for markets, trade flows, investment & energy security  The versatility of natural gas means that it is well placed to grow, but it cannot afford price spikes or uncertainty over methane leaks  China continues to shape global trends, but in new ways as its “energy revolution” drives cost reductions for a wide range of clean energy technologies  Our strategy for sustainable energy shows that concerted action to address climate change is fully compatible with global goals on universal access & air quality  Electrification & digitalisation are the future for many parts of the global energy system, creating new opportunities but also risks that policy makers have to address