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WALL FINISHES
BY-DEVESH TRIPATHI
As the name wall finishes itself suggests that it is finish given to the wall to
enhance the interior or exterior look of the structure.
Wall finishes used for the interiors are quite delicate and need maintenance.
Wall finishes provide a decorative skin to conceal building components
including structural members, insulation, ductwork, pipes, and wires.
Good wall finishes are plumb and straight. Surfaces may be smooth or
textured and better wall finishes are durable.
Some wall finishes are versatile, taking decorative finishes such as stain,
paint or wallpaper readily.
Walls may make a decorating statement, or may be simply background.
In some cases, the combustibility of wall finishes may be an issue. In
kitchens and bathrooms, resistance to water damage is an asset.
Introduction
Internal finishes
• It is important that finishing operations are
carried out in the right sequence.
• It is important that care is taken to prevent
damage once a particular finish is applied, also
a good standard of workmanship is required.
Background for finishes must be allowed to
dry properly before a particular finish is
applied.
Internal finishes
Finishes Classified into two categories:-
Wet finishes
Dry finishes
Examples of wet finishes :-
Plaster
Paint
Wallpaper
One of the major problems with wet finishes is
that considerable “drying out time” is required
for the building plus expansion / shrinkage
problems with timber components.
Wet finishes
Examples of dry finishes :-
Plaster board
Timber panelling
Carpet
The greatest advantage of dry finishes when
compared to wet finishes is that no shrinkage will
occur during the dry out process. A dry finish
should be uniform in colour, size and be true to
shape. The application of dry finishes does not
prevent occupancy of the building
Dry finishes
Paint
A painting system for a given material usually
consists of:-
primer
undercoat
finish coat
Primer
Adheres well to the background and evens out the
surface porosity. With ferrous metals, controls rust.
Care must be taken to choose suitable primer for the
material to be covered.
Undercoat
Adheres to the primer, builds up the paint thickness
and obliterates surface irregularities.
The undercoat should bring the surface to a suitable
colour for receiving the finishing coat.
Two coats of undercoat are usually required.
Finish
Adheres to the undercoat and provides a protective
layer, colour and surface texture.
MATERIALS USED FOR WALL FINISHES
Wood panelling
Pvc sheets
Pvc 3d panel
Gypsum board
Mdf texture board
Charco panel
Hpl sheet
Stone/marbles/gyaynite
Tiles
Wallpaper
Wpc board
Acrlic laminate
Acp sheets
Wood panelling
It is a decorative
treatment done with
wooden panels on the
walls in various
designs.
The material used can
be plywood or wood
covered with veneer
or laminate.
Pvc wall panel
Pvc wall panel is used for
Wall finishes ceiling intreior work
• Features:
• Easy to place
• Durable
• Crack resistant
• Specifications:
• Width:
100mm,150mm,200mm,250mm,300mm
• Thickness:
6mm,7mm,7.5mm,8mm,9mm,10mm,12mm
• Length: As per customer requirement
• PVC Content: 40%, 45%, 50%, 60%, 65%
• Design: Normal printing, hot transfer
printing, lamination
Pvc 3d panel
• Material
• pvc
• Type
• curv panel
• Size
• 8feet*4feet
• Thickness
• 6 Millimeter (mm)
• Usage
• for wall decoration
• Application
• for wall
• Color
• many colors
Gypsum board
Gypsum board is the premier
building material for wall, ceiling,
and partition systems in residential,
institutional, and commercial
structures and is designed to
provide a monolithic surface when
joints and fastener heads are
covered with a joint treatment
system.
Gypsum products also provide
sound control, economy, versatility,
quality, and convenience.
MDF texture board
• Interior Grade MDF
• Panel Size 2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft
Product Description Interior Grade boards
can be used in the construction of all types
of interior work in office, household and in
different wooden industrial applications.
• Panel Size 2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft)
• Thicknesses 7.5mm, 8mm, 11mm, 12mm,
15mm,17mm, 18mm, 25mm
• Exterior Grade MDF
• Panel Size 2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft)
• Product Description Exterior Grade boards
are made with special melamine
formaldehyde formulated resins which
make them ideal for use in water and
moisture prone areas.
• Panel Size2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft)
Thicknesses7.5mm, 8mm, 11mm, 12mm,
15mm,17mm, 18mm, 25mm
Charco panel
They are decorative panels that are used in
designing upscale residential and
commercial projects. These panels are a
mixture of Charcoal and Polystyrene
proportionately.
Charcoal incorporates strength to the
product whereas Styrofoam made from
recycled Thermocol (EPS and HIPS) makes
the product resistant to warping.
In addition, these panels are waterproof
and fire retardant. They can be used on
inside as well as outside surfaces and can
be painted also.
FEATURES :
RAW MATERIAL : Charcoal + Polystyrene
* Water Proof * Fire Retardant * Termite
Proof
Stone
For an older look like dry stacked stone that predated the
invention of mortar for joins, you can find such claddings in blue
slate and natural brown stone.
Sheets and panels of stone, including strip cladding, are cut
specifically for bathroom walls.
It is currently used in the
treatment of uncomplicated
stones located in the kidney
and upper ureter, provided the
aggregate stone burden (stone
size and number) is less
than 20 mm (0.8 in)
Tiles
The raw materials used to create
tiles are all found in the ground.
These raw materials, like clay is
quarried and refined.
They are then mixed.
A dry mixture of clay, Magnesium
silicate and other ingredients are
pressed into a mould, and then
fired at an extremely high
temperature.
Types of tiles
Roof tiles
Floor tiles
Pebble tiles
Ceiling tiles
Wall tiles
Wallpaper
Wallpaper is a material used in interior decoration
to decorate the interior walls of domestic and
public buildings. It is usually sold in rolls and is
appliedonto a wall using wallpaper paste.
Types of wallpaper
Lining Paper
Traditional Wallpaper
Vinyl Wallpaper
Embossed Wallpaper
Liquid Wallpaper
Non-Woven wallpaper
Fibreglass Wallpaper
Bamboo Wallpaper
Textile wallpaper
Wpc board
• WPC Boards. Wood-plastic
composites (WPCs) are composite
materials made of wood
fiber/wood flour and
thermoplastic(s) (includes PE, PP,
PVCetc.). Chemical additives seem
practically "invisible" (except
mineral fillers and pigments, if
added) in the composite structure.
• Size Available-
• 6 MM To 25 MM
• Sheet Size- 1220 MM x 2440
MM (4 feet x 8 feet)
• Color- Natural Wood Color.
• Other Colors Available On Request
Pvc marbles sheets
• PVC marble sheet is great for wall decor,
home/office decor, and related needs.
• It is very easy and quick to install.
• Also, it offers a natural marble
appearance.
• There is appealing shade and design for
the contemporary decor.
• This product is light weight, cost effective
and long lasting. Further, PVC marble
sheet offers economical and practical
interior decoration solutions.
• It is easily cut, sawed, drilled and glued.
Ideal for decorative purposes, the PVC
sheet is used at villa, hotels, restaurants,
etc.
• A few key features are: water-proof,
damp proof, resistant and maintenance-
free.
Hand made panel

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Wall finishes

  • 2. As the name wall finishes itself suggests that it is finish given to the wall to enhance the interior or exterior look of the structure. Wall finishes used for the interiors are quite delicate and need maintenance. Wall finishes provide a decorative skin to conceal building components including structural members, insulation, ductwork, pipes, and wires. Good wall finishes are plumb and straight. Surfaces may be smooth or textured and better wall finishes are durable. Some wall finishes are versatile, taking decorative finishes such as stain, paint or wallpaper readily. Walls may make a decorating statement, or may be simply background. In some cases, the combustibility of wall finishes may be an issue. In kitchens and bathrooms, resistance to water damage is an asset. Introduction
  • 3. Internal finishes • It is important that finishing operations are carried out in the right sequence. • It is important that care is taken to prevent damage once a particular finish is applied, also a good standard of workmanship is required. Background for finishes must be allowed to dry properly before a particular finish is applied.
  • 4. Internal finishes Finishes Classified into two categories:- Wet finishes Dry finishes
  • 5. Examples of wet finishes :- Plaster Paint Wallpaper One of the major problems with wet finishes is that considerable “drying out time” is required for the building plus expansion / shrinkage problems with timber components. Wet finishes
  • 6. Examples of dry finishes :- Plaster board Timber panelling Carpet The greatest advantage of dry finishes when compared to wet finishes is that no shrinkage will occur during the dry out process. A dry finish should be uniform in colour, size and be true to shape. The application of dry finishes does not prevent occupancy of the building Dry finishes
  • 7. Paint A painting system for a given material usually consists of:- primer undercoat finish coat Primer Adheres well to the background and evens out the surface porosity. With ferrous metals, controls rust. Care must be taken to choose suitable primer for the material to be covered.
  • 8. Undercoat Adheres to the primer, builds up the paint thickness and obliterates surface irregularities. The undercoat should bring the surface to a suitable colour for receiving the finishing coat. Two coats of undercoat are usually required. Finish Adheres to the undercoat and provides a protective layer, colour and surface texture.
  • 9. MATERIALS USED FOR WALL FINISHES Wood panelling Pvc sheets Pvc 3d panel Gypsum board Mdf texture board Charco panel Hpl sheet Stone/marbles/gyaynite Tiles Wallpaper Wpc board Acrlic laminate Acp sheets
  • 10. Wood panelling It is a decorative treatment done with wooden panels on the walls in various designs. The material used can be plywood or wood covered with veneer or laminate.
  • 11. Pvc wall panel Pvc wall panel is used for Wall finishes ceiling intreior work • Features: • Easy to place • Durable • Crack resistant • Specifications: • Width: 100mm,150mm,200mm,250mm,300mm • Thickness: 6mm,7mm,7.5mm,8mm,9mm,10mm,12mm • Length: As per customer requirement • PVC Content: 40%, 45%, 50%, 60%, 65% • Design: Normal printing, hot transfer printing, lamination
  • 12. Pvc 3d panel • Material • pvc • Type • curv panel • Size • 8feet*4feet • Thickness • 6 Millimeter (mm) • Usage • for wall decoration • Application • for wall • Color • many colors
  • 13. Gypsum board Gypsum board is the premier building material for wall, ceiling, and partition systems in residential, institutional, and commercial structures and is designed to provide a monolithic surface when joints and fastener heads are covered with a joint treatment system. Gypsum products also provide sound control, economy, versatility, quality, and convenience.
  • 14. MDF texture board • Interior Grade MDF • Panel Size 2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft Product Description Interior Grade boards can be used in the construction of all types of interior work in office, household and in different wooden industrial applications. • Panel Size 2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft) • Thicknesses 7.5mm, 8mm, 11mm, 12mm, 15mm,17mm, 18mm, 25mm • Exterior Grade MDF • Panel Size 2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft) • Product Description Exterior Grade boards are made with special melamine formaldehyde formulated resins which make them ideal for use in water and moisture prone areas. • Panel Size2440mm (8ft) x 1220mm (4ft) Thicknesses7.5mm, 8mm, 11mm, 12mm, 15mm,17mm, 18mm, 25mm
  • 15. Charco panel They are decorative panels that are used in designing upscale residential and commercial projects. These panels are a mixture of Charcoal and Polystyrene proportionately. Charcoal incorporates strength to the product whereas Styrofoam made from recycled Thermocol (EPS and HIPS) makes the product resistant to warping. In addition, these panels are waterproof and fire retardant. They can be used on inside as well as outside surfaces and can be painted also. FEATURES : RAW MATERIAL : Charcoal + Polystyrene * Water Proof * Fire Retardant * Termite Proof
  • 16. Stone For an older look like dry stacked stone that predated the invention of mortar for joins, you can find such claddings in blue slate and natural brown stone. Sheets and panels of stone, including strip cladding, are cut specifically for bathroom walls. It is currently used in the treatment of uncomplicated stones located in the kidney and upper ureter, provided the aggregate stone burden (stone size and number) is less than 20 mm (0.8 in)
  • 17. Tiles The raw materials used to create tiles are all found in the ground. These raw materials, like clay is quarried and refined. They are then mixed. A dry mixture of clay, Magnesium silicate and other ingredients are pressed into a mould, and then fired at an extremely high temperature. Types of tiles Roof tiles Floor tiles Pebble tiles Ceiling tiles Wall tiles
  • 18. Wallpaper Wallpaper is a material used in interior decoration to decorate the interior walls of domestic and public buildings. It is usually sold in rolls and is appliedonto a wall using wallpaper paste. Types of wallpaper Lining Paper Traditional Wallpaper Vinyl Wallpaper Embossed Wallpaper Liquid Wallpaper Non-Woven wallpaper Fibreglass Wallpaper Bamboo Wallpaper Textile wallpaper
  • 19. Wpc board • WPC Boards. Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) are composite materials made of wood fiber/wood flour and thermoplastic(s) (includes PE, PP, PVCetc.). Chemical additives seem practically "invisible" (except mineral fillers and pigments, if added) in the composite structure. • Size Available- • 6 MM To 25 MM • Sheet Size- 1220 MM x 2440 MM (4 feet x 8 feet) • Color- Natural Wood Color. • Other Colors Available On Request
  • 20. Pvc marbles sheets • PVC marble sheet is great for wall decor, home/office decor, and related needs. • It is very easy and quick to install. • Also, it offers a natural marble appearance. • There is appealing shade and design for the contemporary decor. • This product is light weight, cost effective and long lasting. Further, PVC marble sheet offers economical and practical interior decoration solutions. • It is easily cut, sawed, drilled and glued. Ideal for decorative purposes, the PVC sheet is used at villa, hotels, restaurants, etc. • A few key features are: water-proof, damp proof, resistant and maintenance- free.