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The use of water
for technical development
or technical development
for the use of water?
Systemic and Ecological considerations about the CLEAN energy production in
urban context
Elena Comino, Fabio Ambrogio, Laura Dominici, Maurizio Rosso
Relating Systems Thinking and Design 7 Symposium, 24-26 October 2018, Politecnico di Torino
design
of
in
for
the territory
“cut cross boundaries”research and practice
interdisciplinarity
involvement of different backgrounds
Engineering
Fabio Ambrogio & Maurizio Rosso
Applied Ecology
Elena Comino
Systemic Design
Laura Dominici
increase global percentage
of renewable energy
management of local resources
evaluation of natural opportunities
Aim to design resilient, sustainable
and inclusive cities
ENERGY IS A PUBLIC RIGHT!
ensure access to clean electricity for all
Agenda2030
Sustainable development goals
focus not only on the quantity
of the energy produced, but also on the
quality
When can we call the energy “CLEAN”?
from renewable resources
few outputs or nothing
no consistent impact
on the environment
(in term of resilience)
urban context
complex system of tangible and
intagible aspects
RESEARCH
IN
SUSTAINABILITY
FIELD
Economy
Environment
Culture
Society
why do we need
to focus on cities?
In 2050 nearly 70%of global population will reside in cities
(un-habitat, 2011)
75% of global energy demand
75% of total emission of ghgs
2% cover of global surface
focus on innovative potential
in low-carbon transition
understand relationships between humans and their context
3 analytical and practical tools to analyse human needs, ecosystem services and urban context
Urban Ecology
Urban ecology is the study of
ecological processes in urban
environments. This includes all
aspects of the ecology of any
organisms found in urban areas
Nature
“The sum total of the technical
and socio-econimic processes
that occur in cities, resulting in
growth, production of energy and
elimination of waste”
Kennedy, 2007
Holistic approach and lens to
visualize and understand the
structure of complex systems
in everyday life, focusing on
interconnections between parts
Comino, Dominici, Peruccio, 2018
Urban Metabolism Systems Thinking
design principles guidelines for interdisciplinar issues
ecological engineering
principles
Emerging discipline that answers to
the increasing demand for providing
benefits for human welfare and
preserving natural environment. It
recognizies that humans and their
environment are mutually dependent
and they cannot be addressed
separately.
(Bergen, Bolton, Fridley, 2001)
design considering natural
systems
design for site-specific
context
ecosystems can function
without human intervention
design for efficiency in
energy and information
Define the purpose of design
intervention
design principles guidelines for interdisciplinar issues
systemic design
principles
Design approach that integrates the
Systems Thinking with the Human-
centred Design. It focuses on
processes and connctions between
system’s components. The approach
is based on the principle that “the
output of a system is the input of
another one”.
(Bistagnino, 2011)
The output of a process
become input to another one
Relations generate the
system itself
Autopoietic systems sustain
and reproduce themselves
Act locally
Man connected to own
environment
case study
the city of torino -
framework on renewable energy
case study
the city of torino -
framework on renewable energy
Petroleum
21,1%
Natural gas
66,0%
Renewable
resources
12,9%
Solar PV
system
5%
Solar thermal
1%
Geothermal
1%
Hydropower
39% Biomass
54%
2000
Renewable resources Petroleum Natural Gas Energy imported
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
87%
88%
89%
90%
91%
92%
93%
94%
95%
96%
97%
10.000.000
20.000.000
30.000.000
40.000.000
50.000.000
60.000.000
70.000.000
[MWh]
EnergyResourcesrenewableResources
Source: 9° Rapporto sull’Energia, Provincia di Torino, dicembre 2014
case study
the city of torino -
mini hydropower scenario in torino
case study
the city of torino -
mini hydropower scenario in torino
dora riparia river
pellerina public park
Good practice in management
of water resource
case study
the city of torino -
historical dam of regio parco, dora riparia river
1758
start of construction of the industrial estate “Manifattura
Tabacchi”, the dam in the Dora Riparia river and the
artificial canal Regio Parco
1996
end of industrial activity of the Manifattura Tabacchi
and neglect of river infrastructures
Aim
restoration of ancient dam of dora riparia
reduction of flooding risk in the area
case study
the city of torino
historical dam of regio parco, dora riparia river
regio parco dam
manifattura
tabacchi
factory
case study
regio parco dam
act locally! use of local resources
using of the existing
hydraulic head to
produce energy through
mini hydropower
2014 2016 2017 2018
july october january august
Request of
evaluation
of impact
assessment
(VIA)
Concession by local
authority to restore
and use the historical
dam of dora riparia
for hydropower
Start of
construction
End of
construction
case study
regio parco dam
ecological
and environmental aspects
enviromental impact assessment: not necessary,
the area is inside the urban context and the
infrastructure is already there
secure the “minimal vital water flow” through
inflatable dam
fish ladder to preserve the passage of fishes and
to ensure the continuity of river ecosystem
creation of pedestrian area to redevelop the
surrounding area
planting trees and new vegetation (vegetation
statement)
consider already used materials for new
infrastructures, preserve the same material
language and landscape inclusion
no output at the end of the energy production
benefits produced for the city
power: 248,6 kW
energy produced: 1,7 GWh/year
energy requirement: 600 families
avoided emissions of CO2: 930 t/year
esosystem services
in urban context
environmental
enhance local resource without environmental
impacts and outputs
economic
produce energy near the place of use
social
redevelop degraded area
cultural
restore and recover historical infrastructure
connected to the industrial heritage of the city of
torino
complex aspects of water resource management
complex aspects of water resource management
many actors
Private Agencies
Local Administration
Citizens
Critical Mass
complex aspects of water resource management
many actors
water uses
Private Agencies
Drinking
Agriculture
Industry
Energy
Ricreative
Local Administration
Citizens
Critical Mass
complex aspects of water resource management
collaborate with local administration
Act on policy making
systems
thinking
useful tool
many actors
water uses
environmental
quality
Private Agencies
Drinking
Agriculture
Industry
Energy
Ricreative
Local Administration
Citizens
Preserve ecosystems
Provide water quality
Critical Mass
thank you
for the attention
Elena Comino
elena.comino@polito.it
Fabio Ambrogio
fabio.ambrogio@sria.it
Laura Dominici
laura.dominici@polito.it
Maurizio Rosso
maurizio.rosso@polito.it

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The use of water for technical development or technical development for the use of water?

  • 1. The use of water for technical development or technical development for the use of water? Systemic and Ecological considerations about the CLEAN energy production in urban context Elena Comino, Fabio Ambrogio, Laura Dominici, Maurizio Rosso Relating Systems Thinking and Design 7 Symposium, 24-26 October 2018, Politecnico di Torino
  • 2. design of in for the territory “cut cross boundaries”research and practice interdisciplinarity involvement of different backgrounds Engineering Fabio Ambrogio & Maurizio Rosso Applied Ecology Elena Comino Systemic Design Laura Dominici
  • 3. increase global percentage of renewable energy management of local resources evaluation of natural opportunities Aim to design resilient, sustainable and inclusive cities ENERGY IS A PUBLIC RIGHT! ensure access to clean electricity for all Agenda2030 Sustainable development goals
  • 4. focus not only on the quantity of the energy produced, but also on the quality When can we call the energy “CLEAN”? from renewable resources few outputs or nothing no consistent impact on the environment (in term of resilience)
  • 5. urban context complex system of tangible and intagible aspects RESEARCH IN SUSTAINABILITY FIELD Economy Environment Culture Society
  • 6. why do we need to focus on cities? In 2050 nearly 70%of global population will reside in cities (un-habitat, 2011) 75% of global energy demand 75% of total emission of ghgs 2% cover of global surface focus on innovative potential in low-carbon transition
  • 7. understand relationships between humans and their context 3 analytical and practical tools to analyse human needs, ecosystem services and urban context Urban Ecology Urban ecology is the study of ecological processes in urban environments. This includes all aspects of the ecology of any organisms found in urban areas Nature “The sum total of the technical and socio-econimic processes that occur in cities, resulting in growth, production of energy and elimination of waste” Kennedy, 2007 Holistic approach and lens to visualize and understand the structure of complex systems in everyday life, focusing on interconnections between parts Comino, Dominici, Peruccio, 2018 Urban Metabolism Systems Thinking
  • 8. design principles guidelines for interdisciplinar issues ecological engineering principles Emerging discipline that answers to the increasing demand for providing benefits for human welfare and preserving natural environment. It recognizies that humans and their environment are mutually dependent and they cannot be addressed separately. (Bergen, Bolton, Fridley, 2001) design considering natural systems design for site-specific context ecosystems can function without human intervention design for efficiency in energy and information Define the purpose of design intervention
  • 9. design principles guidelines for interdisciplinar issues systemic design principles Design approach that integrates the Systems Thinking with the Human- centred Design. It focuses on processes and connctions between system’s components. The approach is based on the principle that “the output of a system is the input of another one”. (Bistagnino, 2011) The output of a process become input to another one Relations generate the system itself Autopoietic systems sustain and reproduce themselves Act locally Man connected to own environment
  • 10. case study the city of torino - framework on renewable energy
  • 11. case study the city of torino - framework on renewable energy Petroleum 21,1% Natural gas 66,0% Renewable resources 12,9% Solar PV system 5% Solar thermal 1% Geothermal 1% Hydropower 39% Biomass 54% 2000 Renewable resources Petroleum Natural Gas Energy imported 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 87% 88% 89% 90% 91% 92% 93% 94% 95% 96% 97% 10.000.000 20.000.000 30.000.000 40.000.000 50.000.000 60.000.000 70.000.000 [MWh] EnergyResourcesrenewableResources Source: 9° Rapporto sull’Energia, Provincia di Torino, dicembre 2014
  • 12. case study the city of torino - mini hydropower scenario in torino
  • 13. case study the city of torino - mini hydropower scenario in torino dora riparia river pellerina public park Good practice in management of water resource
  • 14. case study the city of torino - historical dam of regio parco, dora riparia river 1758 start of construction of the industrial estate “Manifattura Tabacchi”, the dam in the Dora Riparia river and the artificial canal Regio Parco 1996 end of industrial activity of the Manifattura Tabacchi and neglect of river infrastructures Aim restoration of ancient dam of dora riparia reduction of flooding risk in the area
  • 15. case study the city of torino historical dam of regio parco, dora riparia river regio parco dam manifattura tabacchi factory
  • 16. case study regio parco dam act locally! use of local resources using of the existing hydraulic head to produce energy through mini hydropower 2014 2016 2017 2018 july october january august Request of evaluation of impact assessment (VIA) Concession by local authority to restore and use the historical dam of dora riparia for hydropower Start of construction End of construction
  • 18. ecological and environmental aspects enviromental impact assessment: not necessary, the area is inside the urban context and the infrastructure is already there secure the “minimal vital water flow” through inflatable dam fish ladder to preserve the passage of fishes and to ensure the continuity of river ecosystem creation of pedestrian area to redevelop the surrounding area planting trees and new vegetation (vegetation statement) consider already used materials for new infrastructures, preserve the same material language and landscape inclusion no output at the end of the energy production
  • 19. benefits produced for the city power: 248,6 kW energy produced: 1,7 GWh/year energy requirement: 600 families avoided emissions of CO2: 930 t/year esosystem services in urban context environmental enhance local resource without environmental impacts and outputs economic produce energy near the place of use social redevelop degraded area cultural restore and recover historical infrastructure connected to the industrial heritage of the city of torino
  • 20. complex aspects of water resource management
  • 21. complex aspects of water resource management many actors Private Agencies Local Administration Citizens Critical Mass
  • 22. complex aspects of water resource management many actors water uses Private Agencies Drinking Agriculture Industry Energy Ricreative Local Administration Citizens Critical Mass
  • 23. complex aspects of water resource management collaborate with local administration Act on policy making systems thinking useful tool many actors water uses environmental quality Private Agencies Drinking Agriculture Industry Energy Ricreative Local Administration Citizens Preserve ecosystems Provide water quality Critical Mass
  • 24. thank you for the attention Elena Comino elena.comino@polito.it Fabio Ambrogio fabio.ambrogio@sria.it Laura Dominici laura.dominici@polito.it Maurizio Rosso maurizio.rosso@polito.it