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END OF 18TH CENTURY AND
BEGINNING OF 19TH CENTURY IN
SPAIN
CARLOS III
He was called the Best Mayor of
Madrid and one of the best kings of
Spain because:
He ordered to build a lot of hospitals,
museums, libraries, schools and
gardens.
Thanks to him, economy
improved a lot.
Thanks to him, cities became more
modern with more sewage
systems, better street lighting and
pavements.
He ordered to build Puerta de
Alcalá.
CARLOS IV
Spain in the18th and 19th centuries.
Unlike his father, Carlos IV was not
interested in ruling the country so he
had a Prime Minister called Godoy.
Godoy was like a valido and
he was who controlled the
country.
Napoleón Bonaparte
was a French
Emperor that was so
ambitious that wanted
to conquer all
european countries,
including Spain.
Napoleón and Carlos IV signed the Treaty of
Fontinebleau in which France and Spain
would conquer Portugal and they would
divide it between each other.
Fontinebleau, a city in France.
Napoleón wanted to conquer Spain too
and when the French army entered our
country, they stayed here.
People in Spain were unhappy with this
invasion by the French army so the
Mutiny of Aranjuez took place.
Due to the Mutiny of
Aranjuez, Carlos IV
abdicated in his son,
Fernando VII.
Napoleón talked to Fernando VII and
promised him a castle and a lot of money.
After that, several abdications took place:
1. Fernando VII abdicated in
his father Carlos IV.
2. Then, Carlos IV abdicated in
Napoleón.
3. Finally, Napoleón abdicated in his
brother José Bonaparte. So José
Bonaparte became king of Spain.
Did you know that José Bonaparte didn't
know how to speak Spanish when he
came here?
José Bonaparte was called Pepe
Botella because he liked wine a
lot...
Spain in the18th and 19th centuries.
Spain in the18th and 19th centuries.
THE SPANISH WAR OF
INDEPENDENCE
On the 2nd May 1808, there was an uprising
against the French army. This was the
beginning of the War of Independence.
The Spanish soldiers were not as prepared
as the French ones but they finally defeated
France thanks to:
1. The help of the English soldiers.
2. Guerra de guerrillas. (Guerrilla warfare),
where a small group of people attacks by
surprise to a bigger army. This warfare usually
takes place in mountain areas.
El Empecinado.
One of the
soldiers that
fought against
the French
army.
In 1814 Spain won the Independence War,
José Bonaporte left the country and Fernando
VII was again the king of Spain.
THE
CONSTITUTION
OF 1812
The Constitution of 1812 took place in Cádiz and it was
called la Pepa because it was signed the 19th of March, the
day of Saint Joseph (San José).It was directly influenced by
the French Revolution in 1789.
1. It was the first Constitution developed in
Spain and it included a lot of rights.
It was really important because of these reasons:
2. It established freedom and equality
for everyone.
3. It organized Spain as a Constitutional Monarchy, that
is to say; the king and the ministers ruled the country. The
ministers were voted by people.
4. It included the right for voting
for men over 18.
However, this Constitution had some
aspects that were improved over the years:
1. The religion of the state was
the Catholic religion. Other
religions were prohibited.
2. Women were not allowed to vote.
Only men could do that. This is
called male suffrage.

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Spain in the18th and 19th centuries.

  • 1. END OF 18TH CENTURY AND BEGINNING OF 19TH CENTURY IN SPAIN
  • 2. CARLOS III He was called the Best Mayor of Madrid and one of the best kings of Spain because:
  • 3. He ordered to build a lot of hospitals, museums, libraries, schools and gardens.
  • 4. Thanks to him, economy improved a lot.
  • 5. Thanks to him, cities became more modern with more sewage systems, better street lighting and pavements.
  • 6. He ordered to build Puerta de Alcalá.
  • 9. Unlike his father, Carlos IV was not interested in ruling the country so he had a Prime Minister called Godoy.
  • 10. Godoy was like a valido and he was who controlled the country.
  • 11. Napoleón Bonaparte was a French Emperor that was so ambitious that wanted to conquer all european countries, including Spain.
  • 12. Napoleón and Carlos IV signed the Treaty of Fontinebleau in which France and Spain would conquer Portugal and they would divide it between each other.
  • 13. Fontinebleau, a city in France.
  • 14. Napoleón wanted to conquer Spain too and when the French army entered our country, they stayed here.
  • 15. People in Spain were unhappy with this invasion by the French army so the Mutiny of Aranjuez took place.
  • 16. Due to the Mutiny of Aranjuez, Carlos IV abdicated in his son, Fernando VII.
  • 17. Napoleón talked to Fernando VII and promised him a castle and a lot of money. After that, several abdications took place:
  • 18. 1. Fernando VII abdicated in his father Carlos IV.
  • 19. 2. Then, Carlos IV abdicated in Napoleón.
  • 20. 3. Finally, Napoleón abdicated in his brother José Bonaparte. So José Bonaparte became king of Spain.
  • 21. Did you know that José Bonaparte didn't know how to speak Spanish when he came here?
  • 22. José Bonaparte was called Pepe Botella because he liked wine a lot...
  • 25. THE SPANISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
  • 26. On the 2nd May 1808, there was an uprising against the French army. This was the beginning of the War of Independence.
  • 27. The Spanish soldiers were not as prepared as the French ones but they finally defeated France thanks to:
  • 28. 1. The help of the English soldiers.
  • 29. 2. Guerra de guerrillas. (Guerrilla warfare), where a small group of people attacks by surprise to a bigger army. This warfare usually takes place in mountain areas.
  • 30. El Empecinado. One of the soldiers that fought against the French army.
  • 31. In 1814 Spain won the Independence War, José Bonaporte left the country and Fernando VII was again the king of Spain.
  • 33. The Constitution of 1812 took place in Cádiz and it was called la Pepa because it was signed the 19th of March, the day of Saint Joseph (San José).It was directly influenced by the French Revolution in 1789.
  • 34. 1. It was the first Constitution developed in Spain and it included a lot of rights. It was really important because of these reasons:
  • 35. 2. It established freedom and equality for everyone.
  • 36. 3. It organized Spain as a Constitutional Monarchy, that is to say; the king and the ministers ruled the country. The ministers were voted by people.
  • 37. 4. It included the right for voting for men over 18.
  • 38. However, this Constitution had some aspects that were improved over the years:
  • 39. 1. The religion of the state was the Catholic religion. Other religions were prohibited.
  • 40. 2. Women were not allowed to vote. Only men could do that. This is called male suffrage.